Outcomes following a breast cancer diagnosis are different by race and ethnicity with African American women having poorer survival compared to Caucasian women. Research has shown that differences in personal health factors can contribute to breast cancer outcomes and explain racial differences. This study will examine how personal-level factors relating to biological, psychological, and physiological issues play a role in outcomes among African American breast cancer survivors.
The purpose of this research study is to understand the association between heart and brain health in a population of 40-75 year olds. In this study, we will work to better understand blood vessel stiffness and brain function in African American and non-Hispanic white individuals. You will be asked to give blood during the study visit. Additional information will be obtained to help the researcher better understand the blood vessel and brain function data collected. There is only one study visit that last roughly 2 hours and compensation will be available.
Focus groups or talking circles are formed in community neighborhoods to facilitate input on common patient experiences. Insights on patient perceptions related to physician office visits and after visit self care are obtained in groups of 8-12 participants.
Delays in starting radiation after surgery for head and neck cancer disproportionately affect minorities and those of low socioeconomic status, causing increased mortality. The barriers that prevent the delivery of timely, equitable postoperative radiation remain unknown. This study seeks to identify the barriers to timely, equitable postoperative radiation following surgery for head and neck cancer.
The purpose of this study is to determine if giving the medicine "heparin" intravenously (through the veins) continuously for up to 14 days to subjects after a brain aneurysm has burst will help improve the chances of subjects having a good recovery after the bleed compared to subjects who get routine brain aneurysm care (standard of care). Patients who get routine care would also get heparin, but they would typically get an overall lower dose and the heparin would be injected under the skin (heparin shot) instead of in the veins.
Older adults typically have trouble identifying the speech they hear, especially in noisy environments. Fortunately, compared to younger adults, older adults are better able to compensate for difficulties identifying the speech they hear by recruiting the visual system. However, the extent to which older adults can benefit from visual input, and how this influence relates to age-related changes in brain structure and function, have not been thoroughly investigated. The general purpose of this study is to determine how age-related changes in brain structure and function affect how well people hear and see. This study seeks participants with normal hearing to mild hearing loss, who also have normal or corrected-to-normal vision.
Depression treatment is a core health disparity for Latinos in the U.S. as U.S. Latinos are more likely than non-Hispanic Whites to experience depression, but are less than half as likely as Whites to receive evidence-based care for depressive symptomatology. Mobile technologies offer an ideal strategy for meeting the widespread depression treatment needs of U.S. Latinos as recent U.S. population-level data suggests that Latinos adopt smartphones at a rate higher than any other demographic group. The purpose of the proposed project is to develop, test, and refine a Spanish-language mobile application version of brief Behavioral Activation, an idiographic, straightforward, empirically supported treatment for elevated depressive symptoms, for referral by primary care physicians in the service of increasing access to evidence-based treatment for depression for Latinos.
The purpose of the study is to determine the feasibility of enrolling patients, obtaining colorectal cancer risk factor data via an in-person questionnaire, and procuring three types of biologic samples (normal mucosa biopsies, a salvia sample, and polyp tissue (if applicable)).
We will also assess the feasibility of analyzing these collected samples to assess microbial, immune protein, immune gene, and single-nucleotide polymorphisms three types of tissue.
The purpose of this study is to understand factors contributing to managing emotions, behavior problems, and substance use among girls. Middle school adolescent girls will be asked about their thoughts and feelings about themselves and their ethnic group, perceptions, and discrimination. They will also report on their behavior and substance use. Their reactions to recent incidents of unfair treatment or disciplinary action will also be assessed.
This research which encompasses a relatively new area of study that uses the Ecological Model to frame investigation is significant because it will help: (a) understand how patient, family, and community level factors impact stroke recovery and account for disparities in post stroke recovery between AA and Whites; (b) engage community members (AA, Health Provider, Families) and (c) integrate this knowledge and the interplay of socio-environmental and behavioral factors so as to develop a multi-level community based intervention with community dwelling AA in the acute post-stroke recovery period. In this model of care, the nurse guides the CHW in evidence-based interventions and the CHW links with community members to deliver the interventions to individuals. It uses nurse teleHealth guidance of the CHW and home based CHW-patient training in self-management. Together they work to disseminate and integrate the successful interventions into health and community systems. These activities will complement and build upon the growing literature related to environment guided lifestyle and self -management programs and will lead to effective socio-culturally tailored stroke recovery interventions that improve long term outcomes by directly addressing factors associated with existing disparities in recovery.