This study will recruit adolescents who are enrolled in a Teen Health Careers Program to participate in a community-engaged study. This study will seek to understand the barriers and facilitators to physical activity and nutritious foods throughout their daily lives. Adolescents will use take digital images to capture aspects of their daily lives using photography.
This project, funded by the National Institutes of Health, is being conducted to learn how structures of the middle-ear and inner ear are affected by age and hearing ability, and to provide a scientific basis for diagnosis and rehabilitation of hearing loss. Volunteers who meet the eligibility requirements may enroll in this study, which will include measurements of hearing using several procedures. Participants 18 years of age and older with normal hearing or hearing loss are currently being recruited. One or two visits of 1.5 to 2 hours are required and scheduling is flexible. Compensation for time will be provided and parking validated.
The purpose of the study is to determine the feasibility of enrolling patients, obtaining colorectal cancer risk factor data via an in-person questionnaire, and procuring three types of biologic samples (normal mucosa biopsies, a salvia sample, and polyp tissue (if applicable)).
The purpose of this study is to understand factors contributing to managing emotions, behavior problems, and substance use risk among girls. Middle school adolescent girls will be asked about their thoughts and feelings about themselves and their ethnic group, perceptions, and discrimination. They will also report on their behavior and substance use risk. Their reactions to recent incidents of unfair treatment or disciplinary action will also be assessed.
The purpose of this study is to understand thoughts, experiences, emotions, and behaviors of African American teens and their families. African American teens and their families will be asked about their thoughts and feelings about themselves and their ethnic group, perceptions, and discrimination. They will also report on their behavior and substance use.
The purpose of this project is to understand how characteristics of mammography facilities, mammography providers, and individual patients influence Black women?s experiences receiving an initial abnormal mammography is determined to be non-cancerous (false positive result). Observations, recordings, surveys and interviews will be used to collect information regarding the various influences on Black women?s experience with a false positive mammography result and their intentions to complete future screening mammograms.
The purpose of this study is to understand factors contributing to managing emotions, behavior problems, and substance use among girls. Middle school adolescent girls will be asked about their thoughts and feelings about themselves and their ethnic group, perceptions, and discrimination. They will also report on their behavior and substance use. Their reactions to recent incidents of unfair treatment or disciplinary action will also be assessed.
Although race is one of the most important social determinants of health care and outcomes in the United States, missing data on race/ethnicity is common in the VAMC. Therefore, the primary objective of this project is to understand collection and analysis of missing race/ethnicity data in the VA. We aim to better understand the patient perspective and attitudes surrounding race/ethnicity collection, and obtain information in order to inform collection methods.
This research which encompasses a relatively new area of study that uses the Ecological Model to frame investigation is significant because it will help: (a) understand how patient, family, and community level factors impact stroke recovery and account for disparities in post stroke recovery between AA and Whites; (b) engage community members (AA, Health Provider, Families) and (c) integrate this knowledge and the interplay of socio-environmental and behavioral factors so as to develop a multi-level community based intervention with community dwelling AA in the acute post-stroke recovery period. In this model of care, the nurse guides the CHW in evidence-based interventions and the CHW links with community members to deliver the interventions to individuals. It uses nurse teleHealth guidance of the CHW and home based CHW-patient training in self-management. Together they work to disseminate and integrate the successful interventions into health and community systems. These activities will complement and build upon the growing literature related to environment guided lifestyle and self -management programs and will lead to effective socio-culturally tailored stroke recovery interventions that improve long term outcomes by directly addressing factors associated with existing disparities in recovery.
The goal of this study is to improve rates of lung-directed therapy with curative intent (LDTCI) among African Americans with probable or proven early stage non-small cell lung cancer via a patient navigation intervention. Study participants will be recruited from study sites across the southern US, including the Medical University of South Carolina Hollings Cancer Center (MUSC HCC) and the Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest NCORP Research Base (WF NCORP RB) and its affiliated sites. Participants will be randomized by study site. This study does not include blood draws or therapeutic interventions. During the one-year follow-up period, each participant will complete 5 telephone surveys.