Following a stroke, many individuals have a high risk of falls, which can negatively influence quality of life. Unfortunately, current treatments have not effectively addressed this problem. This study investigates whether two methods of delivering mechanical perturbations during walking have the potential to improve post-stroke walking balance and reduce real-world fall incidence.
The purpose of this research project is to evaluate the effectiveness of a mobile health (mHealth) application in improving adherence to hydroxyurea therapy in patients with Sickle Cell Disease (SCD). Participants will be asked to install an application on their phone that will remind them to take their medication regularly. It notifies the participants when it is time to request a refill, it tracks their hydroxyurea use, and it gives them information on their medication. It also has resources that could be helpful for the ongoing care of their sickle cell disease. This is a 24-week project with 3 study visits. The first study visit will be at the beginning of the study period (enrollment or baseline visit), the second will be at approximately 12 weeks, and the third is at the end of the 24 weeks. At each visit, participants will complete a survey, share with us their experience with the application, and share with us where they refilled their medications. Some participants will also be asked to complete an interview at the end of their final study visit. Patient participants will receive a $25 Walmart Gift card at each of visits (including an additional $25 gift card for the optional interview) for their participation.
The study team is recruiting 20 adults with spasticity due to chronic stroke and 20 adults with no neurological injuries for a 2 day study. In people with chronic stroke, one of the most common and disabling problems is spasticity (increased muscle tone or muscle stiffness). The purpose of this research study is to examine effects of dry needling on the nervous system (pathways between the muscle, spinal cord, and brain) in people with spasticity due to chronic stroke. Dry needling is a procedure in which a thin, stainless steel needle is inserted into your skin to produce a muscle twitch response. It is intended to release a knot in your muscle and relieve pain.
The total study duration is 2 days. The first visit will take about 3 hours, during which dry needling will take place, and the second visit will take about 1 hour. During both visits you will be asked to participate in examinations of reflexes (muscle responses to non-invasive nerve stimulation) and arm/leg function.
After a stroke, many people experience a language impairment called aphasia. One of the most debilitating types of aphasia is non-fluent aphasia. Non-fluent aphasia is defined by significantly reduced speech production, with the speaker producing only a few words or even less. Speech entrainment therapy (SET) is a treatment that has been shown to increase fluency in people with non-fluent aphasia. Our study looks to define the best dose of SET that leads to sustained improvements in spontaneous speech production.
Participants who are eligible will undergo baseline language testing, an MRI, and will be randomized into one of 4 treatment groups: SET for 3 weeks, SET for 4.5 weeks, SET for 6 weeks, and no treatment (control group).
Protocol Title: Angiogenic Factors in Intracranial Arterial Stenosis
The purpose of this study is to look at factors in the blood that effect the process of new blood vessel formation (those that help or "pro-angiogenic" and those that inhibit "anti-angiogenic") in patients with Intracranial Arterial Stenosis (ICAS) or narrowing of the brain arteries. Male and female adult subjects between 30-80 years will participate. Approximately 273 eligible subjects will be enrolled study wide at multiple sites. Subjects will participate in the study for 12 months including 3 visits with collection of medical information and blood draws. De-identified blood samples will be stored and although direct participation is completed after 12 months, a patient's blood may be studied years later.
The purpose of the study is to compare the effects of apixaban (also known as Eliquis®) with aspirin in patients with atrial fibrillation and a recent brain hemorrhage to see which is better in preventing strokes and death.
Subjects will be in the research study for up to 3 years (minimum of 1 year). About 700 people will take part in this study at approximately 125 sites throughout the United States.
C3FIT is a randomized trial to determine the most effective way for hospitals to take care of stroke patients after they are discharged by comparing two plans. Plan 1 is the usual standard of care way performed at Comprehensive/Primary Stroke Centers and developed by the Amercian Heart Association and the Joint Comissiona. Plan 2 is the same as Plan 1 PLUS in-home rehabilitation. MUSC has been selected as a study site for Plan 1 only.
Patients over the age of 18 with a clinical diagnosis of acute stroke with brain imaging with intracerebral hemorrhage or ischemic stroke are eligible who meet addtional study qualification requirements. Total duration of participation is 2 years. Study enrollment will be performed at approximately 18 sites for a total enrollment goal of 1800 patients, 100 per site.
Data from C3FIT may be used to help identify the best methods for health systems to use in managing stroke patients.
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has shown the potential to improve symptoms in patients with movement deficits, such as Parkinson's disease and chronic stroke. However, the effects of tDCS have so far not been proven on a wider scale due to lack of knowledge regarding exactly how tDCS works. This has limited the adoption of this potentially useful therapy for patients with Parkinson's disease, chronic stroke and other conditions affecting movement. We think that by studying the effect of tDCS on brain signals while subjects perform a virtual reality task that requires integration of visual and motor information we can separate out exactly what occurs in the brain when tDCS is turned on. We expect this approach to broaden our understanding of tDCS application in conditions affecting movement and possibly lead to therapeutic advances in this population.
Hand disability after stroke has a profound negative impact on functional ability and independence. Hand therapy may be augmented with sensory stimulation for better outcomes. We have developed a novel sensory stimulation - unfelt vibration applied via a wristwatch. In this study, we will determine if combining this stimulation with hand task practice is superior to hand task practice alone.
This is a research study looking to compare the effects (good and bad) of the ARCADIA study drugs (apixaban and aspirin) on the occurrence of silent strokes and memory loss after stroke.
This add-on study to the ARCADIA trial involves cognitive testing (tests designed to measure subjects memory, thinking, reasoning and understanding) and an MRI scan of their brain.
There will be about 5 study visits over the length of the study (approximately 3 years), or for a long as subjects are in the parent ARCADIA study.