This study will examine the effects of early childhood adversity on stress and craving among individuals with opioid use disorder. Study participants will complete a total of three visits, including a 1-month follow-up visit. Participants will be asked to complete questionnaires about thier mood, anxiety, drug use, craving and adverse childhood events. They will listen to personalized scripts about a stressful situation, a time when they used opioid and a relaxing situation and their heart rate, skin conductance and cortisol are measured.
This is a research study to compare a text message based mental health and substance use screening and referral to treatment program, called Listening to Women (LTW), to standard of care mental health and substance use screening. Pregnant women ages 18-41 who are receiving prenatal care within the MUSC Health system are invited to participate.
The purpose(s) of the research is to test a new medication in combination with a talk therapy for Veterans experiencing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and who may have alcohol use disorder. The study consists of 12 weekly therapy sessions. Once per week before each therapy session, an intranasal dose of investigational medication will be administered. The study also involves a 3 and 6 month follow up appointments and the administration of questionnaires at each visit.
The main purpose of this study is to determine if treatment with SAGE-217 reduces depressive symptoms in adults with severe postpartum depression (PPD). SAGE-217 is is an investigational drug, which means that it is not yet approved to treat PPD. Participation in the study will last up to 76 days and includes a 14 day treatment period where SAGE-217 is taken by oral pill daily. Visits will take approximately 1 to 3 hours.
The purpose of this study is to develop transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), specifically TMS at a frequency known as theta burst stimulation (TBS), to see how it affects the brain and changes the brain's response to alcohol-related pictures. TMS and TBS are stimulation techniques that use magnetic pulses to temporarily excite specific brain areas in awake people (without the need for surgery, anesthetic, or other invasive procedures). TBS, which is a form of TMS, will be applied over the medial prefrontal cortex, (MPFC), which has been shown to be involved with drinking patterns and alcohol consumption. This study will test whether TBS can be used as an alternative tool to reduce the desire to use alcohol and reducing the brain's response to alcohol-related pictures.
Chronic venous leg ulcers (CVLUs) affect millions of individuals worldwide, causing considerable suffering, disability and poor quality of life. The objective of this study is to assess stressors, symptoms, and biomarkers associated with lonely and non-lonely adults living with CVLUs. The results from this study are expected to improve our understanding of the mechanisms in the body that are common to loneliness and inflammation and lead towards to the development of a tool that can predict wound healing potential among persons with chronic wounds.
The goal of this pilot study is to determine whether a high-dose form of non-invasive brain stimulation is a promising and safe treatment for Mild Cognitive Impairment. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is an FDA approved treatment for depression. In studies of TMS for depression and other disorders, individuals have experienced improved cognitive function. Thus, the current study is testing whether TMS is safe, feasible and effective in improving cognition in individuals with Mild Cognitive Impairment.
The purpose of this study is to see whether an integrated treatment for trauma survivors who are thinking about suicide called Prolonged Exposure and Coping Long Term with Active Suicide Program ("CLASP-PE") helps to reduce distress and improve safety. Participants will be asked to attend up to 16 therapy sessions held once or twice each week and complete questionnaires about mood and anxiety levels four times (before treatment, after treatment, and at 3- and 5-month follow-up. Study participation will last 5-6 months (weekly for up to 16 weeks and then once for assessments at 3 and 5 months).
Many adolescents experience traumatic events, such as child abuse, physical or sexual assault, or witnessing violence. Teens who experience trauma are more likely to have problems with substance use and risky sexual activity. We want to understand how parents can support their teens and help keep them safe after traumatic events.
Depression is a very common disorder that is most often chronic or recurrent in nature. Many subjects do not respond adequately to an initial antidepressant treatment trial. Subjects who do not respond adequately to multiple therapeutic interventions are considered to have treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Among the treatment options for subjects with TRD is Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) Therapy.This blinded, randomized, multicenter controlled study is intended to collect evidence that VNS Therapy as an adjunctive therapy improves health outcomes for patients with TRD.