Patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) are at increased risk of depression following hospital discharge. Unfortunately, most depressed CVD patients do not receive appropriate care for their depression, often because they are unable to, or are fearful of traveling to providers for the regimen of 8-12 weekly visits of therapy such as Behavioral Activation (BA). This study will compare the effectiveness of BA for depression, delivered via Telehealth, to standard post-CVD hospital discharge best practices. It is predicted that patients who receive BA will have better mental health outcomes and will be less likely to be re-hospitalized compared to patients who receive standard post-discharge care.
The purpose of this study is to learn ways to improve treatments for Veterans with military sexual trauma (MST). The researchers want to learn whether combining evidence-based emotion regulation skills training with a trauma-focused therapy improves treatment outcomes. An evidence-based trauma treatment known as Prolonged Exposure will be used. Emotion regulation skills will also be included in treatment. Veterans with a positive or sub threshold diagnosis of PTSD who experienced a military sexual trauma (MST) will be included. Participants will complete up to twelve 90 minute sessions of PE with Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) Emotion Regulation Skills Training followed by a post-treatment assessment. All aspects of the project including consent, baseline, treatment and follow-up will be completed either in person or via videoconferencing. Fifteen participants will be enrolled.
The purpose(s) of the research is to test a new medication in combination with a talk therapy for Veterans experiencing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and who may have alcohol use disorder. The study consists of 12 weekly therapy sessions. Once per week before each therapy session, an intranasal dose of investigational medication will be administered. The study also involves a 3 and 6 month follow up appointments and the administration of questionnaires at each visit.
The purpose of this study is to see whether an integrated treatment for trauma survivors who are thinking about suicide called Prolonged Exposure and Coping Long Term with Active Suicide Program ("CLASP-PE") helps to reduce distress and improve safety. Participants will be asked to attend up to 16 therapy sessions held once or twice each week and complete questionnaires about mood and anxiety levels four times (before treatment, after treatment, and at 3- and 5-month follow-up. Study participation will last 5-6 months (weekly for up to 16 weeks and then once for assessments at 3 and 5 months).
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating mental health condition that increases suicide risk and affects up to 20% of military veterans and 8% of the general population. Prolonged Exposure (PE) is an effective and proven form of talk therapy for PTSD. However, dropout rates are high (25-30%) and an estimated one-third of patients who complete PE still report symptoms of PTSD at the end of treatment. This study directly addresses these limitations by using a clinical trial to evaluate the ability of an innovative technology system to improve Prolonged Exposure (PE) therapy for veterans with PTSD.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of a brain stimulation technique known as transcranial direct current stimulation, or tDCS, on the benefits of Prolonged Exposure therapy, or PE, which is an effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder, or PTSD. tDCS has been demonstrated to be safe and effective for influencing brain activity by passing a weak electrical current through the scalp. In this study, tDCS is provided in addition to PE treatment, through the National Crime Victim's Research and Treatment Center at MUSC, or the PTSD Clinical Team Clinic within the Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic, debilitating condition that affects our nation's Veterans at staggering rates. The purpose of this study is to examine the ability of a medication (oxytocin) to enhance Prolonged Exposure (PE) therapy for Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). PE is a widely used cognitive behavioral intervention (talk therapy) for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). In order to accomplish this goal, we are recruiting participants for a clinical trial. Participants enrolled in this trial will complete 10 weeks of a treatment phase, that includes weekly doses of either the investigational study medication or an inactive placebo. In addition, all participants will receive 10 weekly sessions of PE talk therapy. Once per week before each therapy session, participants will take a dose of medication intranasally. This study has the potential to improve patient care practices, advance the science in this area, and decrease public health costs.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a new medical technology can help reduce post-operative total knee or hip pain when combined with a Cognitive-Behavioral intervention (CBI).
This new medical technology, is called transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), it uses a very small amount of electricity to temporarily stimulate specific areas of the brain thought to be involved in pain reduction. The electrical current passes through the skin, scalp, hair, and skull and requires no additional medication, sedation, or needles.
This study will investigate the effects of tDCS, the Cognitive-Behavioral (CB) intervention and their combination on pain among veterans following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). You may benefit in the form of decreased pain and opioid requirements following your knee or hip replacement surgery. However, benefit is only likely if you are randomized to one of the 3 (out of 4) groups.
This study hopes to determine the effects of these interventions and their combined effect on post-operative pain, opioid use and functioning during the 48-hour post-operative period following a total knee or hip replacement.
PTSD is a prevalent condition for which veterans frequently seek treatment in the VA healthcare system. There are a number of first-line PTSD treatment approaches available, such as Prolonged Exposure and Cognitive Processing Therapy. However, the efficacy rates of these treatments is not as high as what has been observed with civilian populations and approximately 36% of individuals drop out of these treatments prematurely. A proposed alternative to these treatments is Written Exposure Therapy (WET), a brief, 5 session intervention that has been shown to reduce symptoms of PTSD and contribute to lower dropout rates. The goal of this study is to investigate whether WET is as effective compared to Prolonged Exposure (PE) in the treatment of PTSD in a sample of veterans diagnosed with PTSD. It will involve approximately 150 Veterans. This research is funded by the Department of Veterans Affairs.