Underserved, racial and ethnic minority communities are experiencing higher rates of COVID-19 cases and associated mortality compared to whites due to long standing social and structural inequities that also drive disparities in chronic diseases such as stroke, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and hypertension. Patients with underlying chronic diseases who are recovering from COVID-19 depend on the support of family and friends (informal caregivers/care partners) who are being exposed to the same pandemic and racial stressors, exposure that can affect the health and quality of life of both partners. The primary goal of this study is to test the efficacy of an adapted, telehealth-enhanced intervention that targets barriers impacting family illness management behaviors of Black/African American (AA) adult COVID-19 survivors and carepartner dyads for improved quality of life and COVID/chronic illness health related outcomes.
The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of a comprehensive treatment for African-American adolescents with obesity and their overweight or obese caregiver (e.g., parent). Families who decide to participate in this study will be randomly assigned to one of two intervention groups: the FIT Families group or the Home-Based Family Support (HBFS) group. This means participants have a 50/50 chance (like flipping a coin) of being in either group. Participants randomized to FIT Families will have in-home sessions with a community health worker (CHW) twice a week for the first three months, and once a week for the second three months. Participants randomized to HBFS will have in-home sessions once a week for six months with a community health worker. Participants in both groups will receive education and support for healthier lifestyles.
The study will last 18 months. During the 18-month study period, youth and caregivers will wear a FitBit activity tracker, complete study assessments, have their height and weight measured, and provide finger prick blood samples to be tested for blood sugar and cholesterol levels.
Potential benefits to caregivers and youth who participate in the study include: positive changes in healthy lifestyle behaviors and weight loss, decrease in health risks associated with obesity, and improved family relations, though these cannot be guaranteed.
The study is an open-label study to determine the safety and efficacy of VX-147-101 in subjects who have APOLI dependent FSGS. The study comprises three periods: screening, treatment, and follow-up. The study includes a screening visit to determine if you have the APOLI gene. Participation in this study will last approximately 17 weeks. Participants may choose to participate in an off-treatment observation for up to 12 additional weeks.
The purpose of this study is to test to see if you have a certain genetic mutation (changes in DNA) so we can learn more about kidney disease. The study involves one blood and saliva test and takes about 30 minutes. The blood test is to see if you have genetic changes in your DNA of a protein called APOL1. People who have this gene mutation may be at risk of losing their kidney function faster than others. The test won't cost you anything. In fact, if you decide to participate, you will be compensated $45. You should know that the test used to determine if you have an APOL1 genetic mutation is not FDA approved, however the FDA has approved this test for research purposes. If you were to participate in this study and take the blood test, and the result indicated you have this mutation, there may be an opportunity in the future to volunteer in an additional research study where you will receive the treatment. This treatment is designed by Vertex, especially for people with kidney disease from APOL1 mutation.
The purpose of this formative research is to explore and understand patient-, provider-, and systems-level characteristics that affect the sustainability and success of remote patient monitoring technology applied to diabetes chronic care. This will be completed through evaluation and analysis of the Technology Assisted Case Management in Low Income Adults with Type 2 Diabetes (TACM-2) implementation program. TACM-2 utilizes remote patient monitoring (RPM) of diabetes and hypertension to augment regular clinical care, with the ultimate goal of improving health outcomes particularly for low-income patients regardless of geographic location.
This exploratory study's broad goal is to characterize key barriers and facilitators to RPM use over time through a mixed methods design. We will utilize data gathered as part of an ongoing quality improvement program, TACM-2, to provide quantitative data on RPM uptake and effectiveness. We will also obtain qualitative and quantitative data from participating patients and healthcare teams. Our objectives are to assess:
1) patient-level variables that are associated with sustained device use and clinical outcomes over time,
2) patterns of device uptake and data transmission across South Carolina as markers of scalability and sustainability, and
3) patient-, clinic- and system-level barriers and facilitators of RPM implementation.
Outcomes following a breast cancer diagnosis are different by race and ethnicity with African American women having poorer survival compared to Caucasian women. Research has shown that differences in personal health factors can contribute to breast cancer outcomes and explain racial differences. This study will examine how personal-level factors relating to biological, psychological, and physiological issues play a role in outcomes among African American breast cancer survivors.
Older adults typically have trouble identifying the speech they hear, especially in noisy environments. Fortunately, compared to younger adults, older adults are better able to compensate for difficulties identifying the speech they hear by recruiting the visual system. However, the extent to which older adults can benefit from visual input, and how this influence relates to age-related changes in brain structure and function, have not been thoroughly investigated. The general purpose of this study is to determine how age-related changes in brain structure and function affect how well people hear and see. This study seeks participants with normal hearing to mild hearing loss, who also have normal or corrected-to-normal vision.
Adult and Pediatric patients with glomerular disease:
Patients of all ages are needed to participate in a research study to investigate glomerular disease and create a worldwide database to help in the research and future treatment of this disease. To join this study, you must have a type of glomerular disease, have had a first kidney biopsy within the last 5 years, not be on dialysis, or not have had a kidney transplant.
The study is projected to last 4 years, and all study procedures will be done at regular clinic visits (between 1 and 3 yearly). Study procedures include filling out questionnaires and a blood draw at each visit.
Compensation is available for study participation.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus; SLE) and Systemic Sclerosis (scleroderma; SSc) are relatively rare rheumatic diseases that disproportionately impact the African American community, and particularly African American women. The causes of lupus and scleroderma are unknown, but thought to include both genetic and environmental factors. We are enrolling lupus and scleroderma patients, and healthy control subjects. This is not a drug study. The purpose of this study is to better understand the factors that predispose people to develop lupus and scleroderma. Information about medical, social and family history, medications, physical exam findings, and laboratory tests will be collected for analysis. This study will involve approximately 1360 volunteers.
This study if for patients that have a blood disease and it's been determined that the best option for treating that blood disease is a cord blood transplant. Cord blood (CB) is blood that is taken from the umbilical cord and placenta of healthy newborn babies after childbirth. The cord blood collected from a newborn baby is called a cord blood unit. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) considers cord blood to be a biological drug. These are considered "investigational" products. This study will evaluate the safety of administration of the investigational cord blood units by carefully documenting all infusion-related problems.