Neuroplasticity Associated with Extended Daily Use of a Sensorimotor Priming Vibration System to Improve Hand Function After Stroke Save

Date Added
March 5th, 2019
PRO Number
Pro00086207
Researcher
Na jin Seo

List of Studies


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Keywords
Aging, Central Nervous System, Movement Disorders, Muscle, Nerve, Nervous System, Physical Therapy, Rehabilitation Studies, Stroke, Stroke Recovery
Summary

The objective is to determine if continuous use of TheraBracelet in the home has a clinically meaningful effect in chronic stroke survivors. The study design is a double-blinded randomized controlled trial. We will enroll 40 chronic stroke survivors with moderate hand impairment. Subjects will be randomly assigned to the treatment or control group (n=20 per group). All subjects will wear the TheraBracelet device on the paretic wrist for 8 hours/day every day during their normal daily activity for 1 month. The device will deliver vibration (treatment) or no vibration (control). Double-blinding is possible because the treatment vibration is imperceptible (i.e., subthreshold). Measures of neural plasticity, the amount of the paretic arm use in daily living, clinical hand function, biomechanical grip control, and self-reported abilities for activities of daily living will be assessed at baseline, once a week during the month of wearing the device, and for 3-month follow-up, allowing determination of the efficacy and persistence.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Amanda Vatinno
843-792-8970
vatinno@musc.edu

Title: Rapid Reversal of CNS-Depressant Drug Effect prior to Brain Death Determination Investigators: Sameh Hanna, MD, Justin Atwood, MD Institution: Palmetto Health-University of South Carolina Medical Group, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Columbia, SC Save

Date Added
December 11th, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00077995
Researcher
Sameh Hanna

List of Studies

Keywords
Brain, Central Nervous System, Nervous System
Summary

Prospective trial with enrollment of 30 patients in various intensive care units at Palmetto Health Richland from January 1st 2019 to June 30th 2020. If patients had undergone targeted temperature management (33-36 degrees Celsius for 24 hours via intravascular or surface control methods, with or without sedation or neuromuscular blockade, followed by rewarming actively or passively at 0.25-0.5 degrees per hour over 8-12 hours to 37 degrees) investigators will wait 24 hours after rewarming prior to testing. End point is to evaluate if pharmacological reversal agents would result in improved GCS scores or return of cerebral or brainstem functions in some comatose patients, which will be considered a positive test result.

Institution
Palmetto
Recruitment Contact
Sameh Hanna
8643443439
sameh.hanna@palmettohealth.org

Changes in Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter in Preeclamptic patients with Severe Features by Neurologic Criteria versus Diagnosis Without Neurologic Criteria, Compared to Controls. Save

Date Added
November 7th, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00078977
Researcher
Mary Sterrett

List of Studies

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Keywords
Central Nervous System, Hypertension/ High Blood Pressure, Non-interventional, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pregnancy, Women's Health
Summary

Preeclamptic patients will have an ultrasound done of their eyes, to look at the size of the nerve behind the eye. We will also recruit women without preeclampsia to be a comparison group.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Mary Sterrett
8434940554
sterretm@musc.edu

Odor Disturbances: Clinical Care Registry Save

Date Added
September 26th, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00080333
Researcher
Thomas Uhde

List of Studies


Profiles_link
Keywords
ADD/ADHD, Adolescents, Aging, Allergy, Alzheimers, Anxiety, Asthma, Autism, Autoimmune disease, Central Nervous System, Chronic Fatigue, Depression, Environmental Factors, Fibromyalgia, Inflammation, Memory Loss, Nervous System, Parkinsons, Psychiatry
Summary

Candidates for this study may or may not report disturbances in odor perception as their primary reason for seeking treatment at MUSC. This study is designed to collect long term, observational data from patients who are being treated with routine clinical care in health clinics at MUSC. Data from clinical questionnaires will be de-identified and stored in a database.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Richard Simmons
843-792-7439
simmr@musc.edu

Direct measurement of motor cortical responses to transcranial direct current stimulation Save

Date Added
May 15th, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00073545
Researcher
Nathan Rowland

List of Studies

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Keywords
Brain, Central Nervous System, Movement Disorders, Muscle, Nerve, Nervous System, Parkinsons, Surgery
Summary

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has shown the potential to improve symptoms in patients with motor deficits, however its effects have not been consistent in randomized studies to date, limiting widespread adoption of this technology. A critical gap in our knowledge is a detailed understanding of how tDCS affects motor areas in the brain. We propose using tDCS while recording directly from motor cortex using subdural electrocorticography (sECoG) in patients undergoing deep brain stimulation surgery. We expect this novel approach to broaden our understanding of tDCS application and possibly lead to therapeutic advances in this population.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Sanicqua Robinson Smalls
843-792-8553
robinsst@musc.edu

Transcranial magnetic stimulation for modulation of postural control in progressive supranuclear palsy Save

Date Added
April 17th, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00076691
Researcher
Marian Dale

List of Studies

Silhouette
Keywords
Central Nervous System, Geriatrics, Movement Disorders, Nervous System, Rare Diseases, Rehabilitation Studies
Summary

This research studies the effects of brain stimulation (transcranial magnetic stimulation, or "TMS") on balance in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). The purpose of this research is to look for improvements in balance when subjects are on a tilting platform after stimulating the brain with a magnetic wand held over the scalp over an area at the back of the brain called the cerebellum. Participants will receive both active and inactive stimulation during the course of the study. There is no surgery involved. There are also optional portions of the study that include functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRIs) and speaking samples.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Shonna Jenkins
843-792-9115
jenkisho@musc.edu

Neural Determinants of Age-Related Change in Auditory-Visual Speech Processing Save

Date Added
September 24th, 2017
PRO Number
Pro00070971
Researcher
James Dias

List of Studies

Silhouette
Keywords
Aging, Brain, Central Nervous System, Ears, Healthy Volunteer Studies, Hearing, Language, Minorities, Vision/ Eye
Summary

Older adults typically have trouble identifying the speech they hear, especially in noisy environments. Fortunately, compared to younger adults, older adults are better able to compensate for difficulties identifying the speech they hear by recruiting the visual system. However, the extent to which older adults can benefit from visual input, and how this influence relates to age-related changes in brain structure and function, have not been thoroughly investigated. The general purpose of this study is to determine how age-related changes in brain structure and function affect how well people hear and see. This study seeks participants with normal hearing to mild hearing loss, who also have normal or corrected-to-normal vision.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
James Dias
(843) 792-3921
diasj@musc.edu

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