We are currently recruiting volunteers who are interested in participating in a brain-spinal cord-muscle response training study that aims to better understand the changes that take place in the nervous system as a result of this type of training. After spinal cord injury, brain-to-muscle connections are often interrupted. Because these connections are important in movement control, when they are not working well, movements may be disturbed. Researchers have found that people can learn to strengthen these connections through training. Strengthening these connections may be able to improve movement control and recovery after injuries.
Research participants will be asked to stand, sit, and walk during the study sessions. Electrodes are placed on the skin over leg muscles for monitoring muscle activity. For examining brain-to-muscle connections, we use transcranial magnetic stimulation. The stimulation is applied over the head and will indirectly stimulate brain cells with little or no discomfort.
Participation in this study requires approximately three sessions per week for four months, followed by two to three sessions over another three months. Each session lasts approximately 1 hour. Participants will receive a mileage reimbursement.
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) therapy is currently used to treat the symptoms of chronic pain. Studying the effect of SCS during muscle testing, proprioception testing and multiple gait analysis, we expect to gain understanding of exactly how SCS influences motor and sensory pathways of the spinal cord. We expect this approach to broaden our understanding in the application of SCS in the chronic pain conditions, and may lead to therapeutic advances in other populations, for example, patients with spinal cord injury.
This is a 6-week-long treatment study for people with Alcohol Use Disorder who want to stop or cut down their drinking. The purpose of this study is to determine whether an investigational medication, ANS-6637, affects craving for alcohol and/or alcohol drinking while taking the study drug. Participants will be randomly assigned to take one of two doses of ANS-6637 or a matched placebo.
Post-stroke hand impairment diminishes stroke survivors' ability to perform activities of daily living. Motor recovery has been shown to improve through peripheral sensory stimulation. This study aims to determine if vibration from a smartwatch improves post-stroke hand function.
The objective is to determine if continuous use of TheraBracelet in the home has a clinically meaningful effect in chronic stroke survivors. The study design is a double-blinded randomized controlled trial. We will enroll 40 chronic stroke survivors with moderate hand impairment. Subjects will be randomly assigned to the treatment or control group (n=20 per group). All subjects will wear the TheraBracelet device on the paretic wrist for 8 hours/day every day during their normal daily activity for 1 month. The device will deliver vibration (treatment) or no vibration (control). Double-blinding is possible because the treatment vibration is imperceptible (i.e., subthreshold). Measures of neural plasticity, the amount of the paretic arm use in daily living, clinical hand function, biomechanical grip control, and self-reported abilities for activities of daily living will be assessed at baseline, once a week during the month of wearing the device, and for 3-month follow-up, allowing determination of the efficacy and persistence.
Prospective trial with enrollment of 30 patients in various intensive care units at Palmetto Health Richland from January 1st 2019 to June 30th 2020. If patients had undergone targeted temperature management (33-36 degrees Celsius for 24 hours via intravascular or surface control methods, with or without sedation or neuromuscular blockade, followed by rewarming actively or passively at 0.25-0.5 degrees per hour over 8-12 hours to 37 degrees) investigators will wait 24 hours after rewarming prior to testing. End point is to evaluate if pharmacological reversal agents would result in improved GCS scores or return of cerebral or brainstem functions in some comatose patients, which will be considered a positive test result.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of daxibotulinumtoxinA for injection (a new investigational study drug) compared to placebo in the treatment of cervical dystonia (CD). DaxibotulinumtoxinA for injection is composed of purified botulinum toxin type A, formulated with a small protein RTP004, and will be used for injection. Placebo means it doesn't contain botulinum toxin type A.
If you are eligible and choose to be in the study, the dose of study drug you receive will depend on the group that you will be put into after randomization at the time of your entry.
You will be assigned, by chance, to 1 of the 3 groups below:
? Group 1: High-dose (250 Units of daxibotulinumtoxinA for injection)
? Group 2: Low-dose (125 Units of daxibotulinumtoxinA for injection)
? Group 3: Placebo (a substance that looks like daxibotulinumtoxinA for injection but has no drug in it)
Study lasts aproximately 39 weeks, including 3 weeks of screening. You will come to the study center up to 12 times during the research study.
The study is being done at approximately 80 sites. Approximately 300 people will take part study-wide and 4 will take part at this institution.
Preeclamptic patients will have an ultrasound done of their eyes, to look at the size of the nerve behind the eye. We will also recruit women without preeclampsia to be a comparison group.
Candidates for this study may or may not report disturbances in odor perception as their primary reason for seeking treatment at MUSC. This study is designed to collect long term, observational data from patients who are being treated with routine clinical care in health clinics at MUSC. Data from clinical questionnaires will be de-identified and stored in a database.
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has shown the potential to improve symptoms in patients with motor deficits, however its effects have not been consistent in randomized studies to date, limiting widespread adoption of this technology. A critical gap in our knowledge is a detailed understanding of how tDCS affects motor areas in the brain. We propose using tDCS while recording directly from motor cortex using subdural electrocorticography (sECoG) in patients undergoing deep brain stimulation surgery. We expect this novel approach to broaden our understanding of tDCS application and possibly lead to therapeutic advances in this population.