This study aims to improve access of Veterans with epilepsy living in rural areas to the most important diagnostic procedure for the care of patients with epilepsy: the routine electroencephalogram (EEG). We will test a new method for recording EEG which uses a novel dry electrode system headset that does not require an EEG technologist to operate. The headset integrates the EEG electrodes and amplifier into a compact system which is easily placed on the head. This approach could make it possible for a nurse or nurse assistant with minimal training to record an EEG in a rural community based outpatient clinic (CBOC) as part of an epilepsy telemedicine outreach program along with clinical interviews. We will compare performance of this dry electrode system to standard EEG when it is used by EEG technologists in three VA medical centers. This project has the potential to improve access of Veterans to the EEG procedure and decrease cost to the Veterans Health Care System.
This is a research study to evaluate a medication for the treatment of status epilepticus. Status epilepticus is a condition when a patient has continuous seizure activity which usually causes them to be unconscous, be very confused and sometimes to have abnormal body movements. Sometime status epilepticus will not stop after treatment with medications which are currently used by doctors. New medications to stop status epilepticus are needed. This is a study of a medication called ganalaxone which would be administered intravenously to patients with status epilepticus after two typical medications have been tried and not worked. This is a placebo controlled study, meaning that some of the patients will be randomly selected to receive the study medication and some will be selected to receive the placebo medication (which in this case is just salt water given intravenously). Patients in the study will be monitored using continuous electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring and physical exams to determine if the status epilepticus stops. Patients will be called several weeks after treatment to see how well they are doing.
This 57-week, active-treatment, open-label (all participants will receive study drug throughout the study) extension trial ( enrolls participants of a previous clinical trial into another study) in which all participants gets the study drug is designed to assess the safety and tolerability of CVL-865 as adjunctive treatment (another treatment used together with the primary treatment) in subjects with drug-resistant focal onset seizures. This trial is open to subjects who completed treatment with the investigational medicinal product (IMP) in the double-blind (neither the participant or researchers know what study drug they are receiving) Phase 2 Trial CVL-865-SZ-001 and who, in the opinion of the investigator, could potentially benefit from treatment with CVL-865. There are 17 visits for a duration of 57 active-treatment weeks. The visits are approximately one month apart.
The purpose of this research study is to study the capabilities of new methods for studying the brain using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). MRI already provides detailed images of brain anatomy, but newer methods including new MRI techniques and magnetic resonance spectroscopy expand this capability. These new MRI methods will not require any invasive procedures. If successful, these new methods will expand the information, which can be obtained from MRI studies of the brain in patients with epilepsy.
Neurological diseases are the leading cause of disability worldwide and a major contributor to health problems in children and adults. As the majority of these conditions result in lifelong disabilities, the implications for the family and for society is significant.
A significant number of adult and childhood neurological diseases have a genetic component and are caused by changes in our DNA and/or RNA leading to functional changes in the central nervous system. However, for many patients afflicted with these disorders, traditional genetic testing does not identify a clear genetic cause. The goal of this study will be to use newer genetic techniques to evaluate patients and families with neurological disorders to better understand the genetic basis of the disease.
The purpose of this study is to find out if a drug called CVL-865 is safe and effective in the treatment for focal onset epilepsy. The study has an 8-week screening period, followed by a treatment period where adults 18 - 75 years of age that qualify for treatment will be randomly assigned to 3 different dose levels of the study drug. This is followed by a 4-week safety follow up period. The study will last approximately 25 weeks with approximately 7 research related clinic appointments. Participants that successfully complete the treatment period will also have the option of participating in a separate open-label extension study and all participants will be taking the study drug.
The aim of this multi-site study is to evaluate the effectiveness of mHealth intervention strategies for improving anti-epileptic drug adherence in caregivers of young children with epilepsy. A 2-month baseline period will be followed by two stages. In Stage 1 (3-months), caregivers will received either 1) a mHealth education module and automated digital reminders or 2) the mHealth education module, automated digital reminders, and individualized adherence feedback based. In Stage 2 (2-months), caregivers will either receive 1) continued individualized adherence feedback or 2) individualized adherence feedback and a mHealth problem-solving module. The primary outcome is electronically-monitored adherence. Secondary outcomes include seizure severity/frequency, quality of life and healthcare utilization.