An efficient, exposure-based treatment for PTSD compared to Prolonged Exposure: A non-inferiority randomized trial Save

Date Added
May 7th, 2019
PRO Number
Pro00087882
Researcher
Ronald Acierno

List of Studies


Profiles_link
Keywords
Anxiety, Depression, Mental Health, Military, Psychiatry, Writing
Summary

PTSD is a prevalent condition for which veterans frequently seek treatment in the VA healthcare system. There are a number of first-line PTSD treatment approaches available, such as Prolonged Exposure and Cognitive Processing Therapy. However, the efficacy rates of these treatments is not as high as what has been observed with civilian populations and approximately 36% of individuals drop out of these treatments prematurely. A proposed alternative to these treatments is Written Exposure Therapy (WET), a brief, 5 session intervention that has been shown to reduce symptoms of PTSD and contribute to lower dropout rates. The goal of this study is to investigate whether WET is as effective compared to Prolonged Exposure (PE) in the treatment of PTSD in a sample of veterans diagnosed with PTSD. It will involve approximately 150 Veterans. This research is funded by the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Stephanie Hart
843-789-6519
zeigls@musc.edu

Evaluation of the Women's Reproductive Behavioral Telehealth (WRBT) Program Save

Date Added
April 4th, 2019
PRO Number
Pro00086783
Researcher
Constance Guille

List of Studies


Profiles_link
Keywords
Mental Health, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pregnancy, Psychiatry, Women's Health
Summary

Staff at sites who participate in the MUSC Women's Reproductive Behavioral Telehealth (WRBT) Program will be asked to participate in individual interviews or focus groups (group discussions) about their experience with the telemedicine program and fill out surveys. Patients in the WRBT Program will be asked to fill out surveys about their telemedicine experience.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Edie Douglas
843-792-0403
douglaed@musc.edu

Web-Based Treatment for Perinatal Opioid Use Disorder Save

Date Added
March 2nd, 2019
PRO Number
Pro00085580
Researcher
Constance Guille

List of Studies


Profiles_link
Keywords
Mental Health, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pregnancy, Psychiatry, Substance Use, Women's Health
Summary

This purpose of this research study is to collect feedback from participants about a web-based program for opioid misuse and opioid use disorder. Participants will be asked to review web-based content and take part in focus groups (group discussions) and individual interviews to provide feedback on the content. The study team is looking for pregnant women or women who have been pregnant in the past 2 years who misuse opioids or have opioid use disorder, as well as obstetric providers who treat pregnant women with opioid misuse and opioid use disorder to participate.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Edie Douglas
843-792-0403
douglaed@musc.edu

Fear regulation, executive functioning, and child trauma exposure: A study on psychological risk and resilience in youth Save

Date Added
January 4th, 2019
PRO Number
Pro00082705
Researcher
Ashley Howell

List of Studies

Silhouette
Keywords
Children's Health, Mental Health
Summary

The purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding of how stressful life experiences and learning styles impact threat reactivity in childhood. Children that experience highly stressful situations are at risk for diverse mental health concerns, including anxiety and depressive disorders and PTSD.There may be certain periods of time in development that this risk is heightened. By studying the mechanisms underlying threat response, we hope to better predict short-term and long-term effects of stress and trauma in youth, as well as inform and improve clinical care.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Ashley Howell
843-792-2946
howeash@musc.edu

Neurobiological Correlates of Fear in Veterans with Military Sexual Trauma Save

Date Added
December 4th, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00083967
Researcher
Ronald Acierno

List of Studies


Profiles_link
Keywords
Anxiety, Genetics, Mental Health, Military, Psychiatry
Summary

The purpose of this study is to better understand the different ways that female Veterans are affected by their experience with military sexual trauma (MST) and to look at the role of several factors that cause some people, but not others, to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or PTSD symptoms. This study is being conducted at the Charleston VA Medical Center, Tuscaloosa VA Medical Center and Atlanta VA Healthcare System. It will involve approximately 150 female Veterans who have experienced MST.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Stephanie Hart
843-789-6519
zeigls@musc.edu

Oxytocin to Enhance Alcohol Behavioral Couple Therapy Save

Date Added
November 6th, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00082233
Researcher
Julianne Hellmuth

List of Studies


Profiles_link
Keywords
Alcohol, Mental Health, Military, Psychiatry, Substance Use
Summary

This study will examine the efficacy of intranasal oxytocin versus placebo in combination with Alcohol Behavioral Couples Therapy (ABCT) to reduce alcohol use disorder severity. We will also use observational coding and neuroimaging to examine behavioral and neural mechanisms underlying treatment outcomes.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Alexis Adams
843-792-8187
adamsale@musc.edu

Improving Function Through Primary Care Treatment of PTSD Save

Date Added
July 3rd, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00078946
Researcher
Ronald Acierno

List of Studies


Profiles_link
Keywords
Anxiety, Depression, Mental Health, Military, Psychiatry
Summary

This research is taking place at the Ralph H. Johnson VAMC and surrounding Community-Based Outpatient Clinics (CBOCs). This study is examining the effectiveness of PE-PC in VHA primary care mental health integration (PCMHI) clinics. We will randomize Veterans presenting in VA PC with chronic PTSD who meet minimal inclusion/exclusion criteria to receive PE-PC (four, 30-minute weekly sessions) or PCMHI treatment as usual.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Stephanie Hart
843-789-6519
zeigls@musc.edu

Peer Social Support During In Vivo Exposure for PTSD: A Program to Address Dropout from Prolonged Exposure Save

Date Added
April 3rd, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00075914
Researcher
Wendy Muzzy

List of Studies


Profiles_link
Keywords
Anxiety, Depression, Mental Health, Military, Psychiatry
Summary

Veterans who have prematurely dropped out of exposure therapy for PTSD will be contacted and offered the opportunity to return to treatment, this time with the assistance of a Veteran who has successfully completed this treatment in the past. Participants may receive a PE "Workout Buddy." This peer will meet them at the in vivo exposure therapy location and offer support and encouragement while the patient remains in that location. Participants may receive a PE general support peer. This peer will contact them once per week to check in about treatment progress and encourage session attendance, as well as discuss any life stresses. As the PTSD treatment standards in Charleston and other VA sites across the country increasingly include telemedicine delivered care, both in person and telemedicine based exposure therapy recipients will be included.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Stephanie Hart
843-789-6519
zeigls@musc.edu

Preliminary Validation of a Novel Natural Rewards fMRI Paradigm: Comparing Relative Brain Activation to Natural Rewards versus Alcohol Cues in Individuals with Alcohol Use Disorder and Social Drinkers Save

Date Added
March 6th, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00075724
Researcher
Will Mellick

List of Studies

Silhouette
Keywords
Alcohol, Brain, Mental Health
Summary

This Charleston Alcohol Research Center (ARC) pilot study seeks to provide the preliminary validation of a novel natural rewards fMRI paradigm which may be used in the development and/or evaluation of alcohol addiction medication treatments. Specifically, individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and social drinkers will be recruited for a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study which will include magnetic resonance spectroscopy, an alcohol cue task, and this novel natural rewards paradigm which examines brain response to social reward and food. Invited participants will complete an initial screening diagnostic assessment visit at the Medical University of South Carolina, which will consist of clinical interviews with research staff, questionnaires, and labs. If still eligible, participants will be invited for a second appointment which will include additional clinical measures, questionnaires, and an MRI scan. This study is confidential and participants will be compensated for participating.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Will Mellick
843-792-7667
mellick@musc.edu

The Efficacy of 90-Minute vs. 60-Minute Sessions of Prolonged Exposure for PTSD: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Active Duty Military Personnel Save

Date Added
October 3rd, 2017
PRO Number
Pro00069686
Researcher
Ronald Acierno

List of Studies


Profiles_link
Keywords
Anxiety, Depression, Mental Health, Military, Psychiatry
Summary

The purpose of the study is to examine whether 60-minute sessions of Prolonged Exposure (PE) is as effective as the standard 90-minute sessions in reducing the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PE is a well-researched, very effective individual (one-to-one) therapy that is designed to help people to deal with traumatic events they have suffered in the past, including combat. This study is being conducted at the Charleston VA Medical Center, surrounding Community-Based Outpatient Clinics (CBOCs), and in the community. It will involve approximately 200 active duty participants. This research is funded by the Department of Defense.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Stephanie Hart
843-789-6519
zeigls@musc.edu

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