Focus groups or talking circles are formed in community neighborhoods to facilitate input on common patient experiences. Insights on patient perceptions related to physician office visits and after visit self care are obtained in groups of 8-12 participants.
Stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability in the United States and less than 50% of survivors regain independent ambulation. While lower extremity performance is a prime target of rehabilitation, little is known about patterns of neural function and structure which may influence, or be influenced by recovery of coordinated, lower extremity function. In this pilot study, we are developing a paradigm to measure lower extremity movement on brain function. Heathy controls will undergo 2 MRI scans wherein we will measure the brain activity associated with lower extremity movement.
Older adults typically have trouble identifying the speech they hear, especially in noisy environments. Fortunately, compared to younger adults, older adults are better able to compensate for difficulties identifying the speech they hear by recruiting the visual system. However, the extent to which older adults can benefit from visual input, and how this influence relates to age-related changes in brain structure and function, have not been thoroughly investigated. The general purpose of this study is to determine how age-related changes in brain structure and function affect how well people hear and see. This study seeks participants with normal hearing to mild hearing loss, who also have normal or corrected-to-normal vision.
The proposed research will test and evaluate a Spanish-language, heat-related
illness (HRI) prevention, OSHA mobile application (app) intervention (Heat Safety Tool) in South Carolina, with the long-term goal of reducing HRI among migrant and seasonal farmworkers.
This study will look at patients or caregivers who sign consent for surgical procedures to determine how well they remember key elements of the surgical consent. Participants will be identified from MUSC Otolaryngology (ENT) clinics. Any patient or caregiver for a patient for is scheduled to undergo a surgical procedure may be considered for the study. All potential subjects will undergo a pre-operative visit where all details of the surgery will be discussed and consent for surgery is signed. Potential subjects will be contacted by telephone between 3-10 days after the pre-operative visit. During this telephone call, subjects who would like to participate in the study are enrolled and complete a questionnaire over the phone regarding the information covered during the consent for surgery. Subjects will again be contacted between two to three weeks after the surgery to complete a satisfaction survey of the consent process. The data will be collected and stored in a secure database. Goals of the study are to evaluate patient or caregiver's recall of details discussed during the surgical consent process, to identify factors that may influence patient or caregiver recall of details of the surgical consent, and to evaluate patient satisfaction with the consent process to determine areas for improvement.
The purpose of this study is to look at the effect of an unexpected trunk movement during a jump landing on lower extremity joint movements and forces. Furthermore this study is examining the relationship between core muscle (abdomen, hip and low back muscles) function and hip and knee joint movements and forces during a jump landing.
Many individuals who volunteer to participate in research studies are never informed about the results of those studies, and what the researchers learned from having conducted them. We believe that if researchers share results of studies with those who participated in them as volunteers, these past participants may be more likely to feel positively that they have contributed to improving the health in their communities, be more likely to enroll in other studies in the future, share their experience with others, encourage others to participate in research, and experience other positive outcomes. We want to know people's feelings about the importance of receiving study findings and how they would prefer to receive such information (what channels/formats, what kinds of messages, etc). In this study, we are looking to get the feedback of adolescents (ages 15 through 24) and older adults (50 and over) who completed their participated in an MUSC study between January 1, 2010 and present. We are also looking for MUSC researchers whose research studies have included adolescents and older adults between January 1, 2010 and the present, to get their feedback on their current strategies of sharing findings and what they believe might be best practices for doing so. Participation in our study will involve surveys and focus groups interviews.
This project, funded by the National Institutes of Health, is being conducted to learn how structures of the middle-ear and inner ear are affected by age and hearing ability, and to provide a scientific basis for diagnosis and rehabilitation of hearing loss. Volunteers who meet the eligibility requirements may enroll in this study, which will include measurements of hearing using several procedures. Participants 18 years of age and older with normal hearing or hearing loss are currently being recruited. One or two visits of 1.5 to 2 hours are required and scheduling is flexible. Compensation for time will be provided and parking validated.
Our long term goal is to enhance the locomotion of impaired individuals after a neurological injury.
We are trying to recruit as healthy control participants, and neurologically impaired individuals (incomplete SCI and after-stroke patients) to participate in this study.
For neurologically impaired individuals a physical therapist will complete IRB approved questionnaires to measure your mobility, muscle strength, balance, walking speed, and distance.
All participants will meet with study staff who would then test your reflexes by placing some superficial skin based electrodes behind the knee and apply mild stimulation while standing/sitting.
If enrolled, you may be required to participate for 30 sessions (3 sessions/week), each lasting about one hour over a period of 3 months. Compensation is available for your participation.
Health outcomes resulting from chronic exposures to port activities include increased cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and respiratory disease. The proposed research is significant because it will allow adverse health effects of anticipated air pollutants resulting from increased diesel emissions associated with port activities to be assessed. The research team has developed with community input a health survey from existing, validated survey instruments to self-report health outcomes including cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular and lung diseases.