This study is for patients that have been diagnosed with relapsed/refractory neuroblastoma. The investigational drug given is eflornithine (DFMO) along with etoposide. DFMO is the investigational drug being used along with etoposide for treatment of neuroblastoma. Participants will undergo a number of standard tests and research-related procedures before being able to enroll in this study. Some risks include but are not limited to: fewer red and white blood cells, diarrhea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, skin rash, seizure, difficulty swallowing and blurred vision. Participants can expect to be on this study for approximately 2 years. Participants will then be followed for up to 5 years after study completion.
This study is for patients with brain cancer. The study is being done to see if giving radiation before surgery will improve the length of time without the cancer returning, worsening or causing scarring in the brain.
This study is for newly diagnosed previously untreated neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) associated with low-grade glioma (LGG). The purpose of this study is to see if selumetinib works just as well as the standard treatment of carboplatin/vincristine (CV) for subjects with NF1-associated LGG, and to see if selumetinib is better than CV in improving vision in subjects with LGG of the optic pathway. Participants can expect to receive treatment for up to 24 months, until the cancer gets worse or until the side effects are too great. After study completion, participants will continue to be followed for up to 10 years.
This study is for newly diagnosed or previously untreated low-grade glioma (LGG). The overall goal of this study is to see if selumetinib works just as well as the standard treatment using carboplatin and vincristine (called CV) for subjects with LGG. Selumetinib is a drug that works by blocking a protein (a basic building block of the human body) that lets cancer cells grow without stopping. Participants can expect to receive treatment on this study for about 1–2 years. After study completion, participants will continue to be followed for up to 10 years.
This study is for participants that have been diagnosed with Medulloblastoma. The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of using an investigational agent called DFMO for Medulloblastoma. An investigational drug is one that has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This study will look at the ability of this study drug to either keep participants tumor in remission or if they have active tumor, for their tumor to respond to the treatment and will also look at the safety and tolerability of DFMO. After this first day participants will be seen in clinic once every 30 days for the first 6 months of the study, after that they will be seen once every 90 days for the remainder of the study. These visits will last about 2 hours.
This study is for patients with rare Central Nervous (brain or spine) tumors. The purpose of this study is to determine whether the experimental drug, nivolumab can shrink tumors in patients with rare Central Nervous System (brain or spine) tumors or increase the time it takes for these tumors to grow or spread throughout the body.
This study is for participants that have been diagnosed with a high-risk neuroblastoma that cannot be treated or did not improve with existing therapies, or the cancer came back after treatment with existing therapies. This study involves investigational drugs called 64Cu-SARTATE and 67Cu-SARTATE. The investigational drugs will be given as an IV injection. The study is divided into 2 parts: The Dose Escalation Phase and the Cohort Expansion Phase. The phase that participants will enroll to will depend on when they enter the study. The age range for participants is from 12 months to 25 years. Participants can expect to be in this study for approximately 14 months. Then followed by remote or virtual visits every 6 months for up to 36 months (3 years) after the initial dose of study therapy drug 67Cu-SARTATE.
This trial is for newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM) patients who, after surgery or biopsy, are good candidates for radiation therapy (RT) and temozolomide (TMZ) treatments. The purpose of this study is to see how safe and how well a medical device called Optune works together with the other standard of care treatments for GBM (RT and TMZ). Optune is a device that uses Tumor Treating Fields (TTFields) which are low intensity electric fields that interfere with the division process of cancer cells. Optune has been approved for the treatment of recurrent and newly diagnosed GBM by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States. Participants in this study will be randomly assigned to one of two groups:
-The Experimental Group: TTFields using the Optune system upfront with RT and TMZ followed by the use of Optune and TMZ
-The Control Group: Beginning treatment of RT and TMZ, followed by the use of Optune and TMZ
Patients will have clinic visits every 4 weeks and continue on TTFields for 24 months until their disease gets worse or they or their doctor decided to stop treatment.
This study is for patients who have been diagnosed with a neuroblastoma (NBL). The purpose of this study is to find out if we can improve the treatment for subjects with high-risk NBL by adding the experimental drug 131I-MIBG or the experimental drug Crizotinib to recommended therapy. The secondary purpose is to find out if we can reduce the number of stem cell transplants from two to one if we give the experimental drug 131I-MIBG during Induction, and use different drugs as part of the transplant chemotherapy given prior to stem cell infusion during Consolidation. Participants can expect to be in this study for up to 2 years. Researchers would like to continue to follow participants health for up to 10 years.