Genetic changes to human skin contribute to a wide variety of conditions and diseases that affect over 20% of the population. However, the genes and molecules that are responsible for human skin development and disease are not fully understood, preventing the development of treatment options. This proposal seeks to better understand one disease in particular, linear morphea, a form of Sclerederma that can affect the skin, muscle, and bone. This study will recruit subjects to collect and use skin tissue for the purpose of identifying the genetic causes of linear morphea.
Chronic venous leg ulcers (CVLUs) affect millions of individuals worldwide, causing considerable suffering, disability and poor quality of life. The objective of this study is to assess stressors, symptoms, and biomarkers associated with lonely and non-lonely adults living with CVLUs. The results from this study are expected to improve our understanding of the mechanisms in the body that are common to loneliness and inflammation and lead towards to the development of a tool that can predict wound healing potential among persons with chronic wounds.
Alzheimer's disease and Epilepsy may affect over 80% of individuals that have Down syndrome by the age of 60. Biomarkers found in the blood can enhance our understanding of the earliest changes linked to disease and may enhance clinical detection and healthy aging for individuals with Down syndrome.
The purpose of this study is to discover early neurobiological processes underlying the transition from healthy aging to disease. Our research team has developed technology that allows detection of small changes in the brain that get transferred to the blood.
We are recruiting individuals that either have or do not have Down syndrome for this biomarker study. Participants should be between the ages of 6 months and 85 years old and may include mothers and siblings of a child with Down syndrome. Infants and children will require consent form a parental or legal guardian.
Each participant will provide a blood sample for research purposes. We will also gather some basic health information about senses, habits, exercise level and smoking/vaping exposures.
Meniere's disease is a common cause of vertigo that becomes more common with age. Unfortunately, Meniere's disease and vestibular migraine have significant overlap and are sometimes difficult to diagnose. This is due to a lack of understanding of the true cause of Meniere's disease. Due to the lack of a biomarker (an objective test), the diagnosis of Meniere's disease has been based on clinical history and hearing loss. We are exploring ways to differentiate Meniere's disease and vestibular migraine, potentially through a lab test. In addition, identifying biomarkers may help early diagnosis and direct more personalized treatment strategies, especially early on before hearing loss occurs.
The purpose of this research is to treat disseminated actinic porokeratosis (DSAP) with cholesterol/lovastatin or lovastatin alone. The goal of treatment is to decrease (DSAP) lesions after 12 weeks of treatment and compare which treatment is best.
The study is single-blinded and randomized, meaning the patients will not be told of which treatment they will receive, and the decision of which treatment they will receive will be completely random. The patient will also agree to close up photographs and clinical photographs taken of their disseminated actinic porokeratosis at the initial visit. At weeks 4, 8, and 12, the patients will complete a virtual visit. The subject will take a picture (phone camera/digital camera) of their lesions/skin markings with a measuring instrument. These photos will be shared with the investigators. Physical exam, photographs, and a review of of the subjects medical records will occur in the study. Changes in size, appearance, and pain will be monitored throughout the study.
The possible benefit of joining this study is that the treatment received may be more effective than the other study treatment or than other available treatments for DSAP, although this cannot be guaranteed.
The goal of the COSMID (Comparison of Surgery and Medicine on the Impact of Diverticulitis) trial is to determine if elective colectomy is more effective than best medical management for patients with quality of life-limiting diverticular disease. The COSMID trial focuses on both patient-reported outcomes and clinical outcomes that matter to patients. The results are expected to establish an evidence-based approach to the care of millions of patients per year in the United States and help people impacted by this common condition make more informed treatment decisions.
The study is using cemdisiran compared to placebo injections to determine the safety and efficay of cemdisiran in treating IgA Nephropathy. The study includes a screening period (up to 90 days), 8 month treating period, and 52 week Open Label extension period. Injections occur monthly during the treatment period. Patients will be randomized 2:1 to the cemdisiran or placebo arms.
Scleroderma (systemic sclerosis) is a chronic autoimmune disease, characterized by dysregulation of immune cells in the blood and subsequent fibrosis and vascular dysfunction, associated with significant mortality and morbidity, disproportionately affecting women and African Americans, and without satisfactory treatments. Monocytes, a type of blood immune cells, are critically involved, but the mechanisms responsible for their deregulation in scleroderma remain largely unknown. The goal of this project is to understand how the regulation of monocytes differs between scleroderma and healthy individuals. Volunteers will be asked to provide a blood sample, for which modest compensation will be provided. This is not a drug study.
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of lenabasum compared to placebo in participants with dermatomyositis (DM), and to evaluate the safety and tolerability of lenabasum in participants with Dermatomyositis (DM).
Autoimmune diseases such as DN result from the immune system becoming over-active and attacking parts of the body. This over-active immune response also causes chronic inflammation. The growth of scar tissue in muscle, skin and internal organs with chronic inflammation from DM makes them not work as well as they should. Lenabasum may help the body stop the chronic inflammation and stop scarring fro getting worse without preventing the normal response of the immune system.
Lenabasum is an investigational drug that will be taken orally twice a day. The study is divided into 2 separate parts, Part-A is the main study and if participants qualify they can volunteer to participate in the optional extension Part-B of the study. It will take about 14 months to complete Part-A of this research study. During this time, participants will make a total of 12 study visits. The optional extension Part-B of this study is expected to last a year consisting of approximately 8 visits.
Outcomes following a breast cancer diagnosis are different by race and ethnicity with African American women having poorer survival compared to Caucasian women. Research has shown that differences in personal health factors can contribute to breast cancer outcomes and explain racial differences. This study will examine how personal-level factors relating to biological, psychological, and physiological issues play a role in outcomes among African American breast cancer survivors.