Alcohol use disorders (AUD) and intimate partner aggression (IPA) frequently co-occur. There are significant health and economic burdens associated with AUD and co-occurring IPA, and little empirical data to guide treatment efforts. The neuropeptide oxytocin may help mitigate both AUD and IPA. However, clinical data examining oxytocin's effects on human aggression is scant. The proposed study is designed to address these gaps in the literature by utilizing a human laboratory paradigm to test the effects of oxytocin on craving and aggression among couples with AUD and co-occurring IPA.
The goal of this pilot study is to determine if, in treatment-seeking substance dependent individuals, ten sessions of continuous theta burst transcranial magnetic brain stimulation (cTBS) over a brain region involved in craving (medial prefrontal cortex) can lower an individual's craving and brain response to drug-related cues. This study involves a screening visit, followed by one MRI visit, followed by ten cTBS treatment visits on consecutive days. There will be three follow-up MRI visits: the first will immediately follow completion of a 28-day outpatient treatment program, while the second and third will be one month and two months post-treatment.
Social stress often leads to drug craving and relapse in cocaine-dependent populations. Currently there are no FDA approved medications for the treatment of cocaine dependence. Therefore, biomedical research studies aimed at investigating the brain mechanisms responsible for controlling emotional responses to social stress could have a significant impact on the development of effective therapeutic treatment strategies for cocaine-dependent individuals.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of an innovative treatment for Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) compared to the current treatment most commonly offered to Veterans with PGD. Veterans will receive either Behavioral Activation and Therapeutic Exposure for Grief (BATE-G) or Cognitive Restructuring and Supportive Grief Counseling. Both treatments will be delivered in 7 sessions, and Veterans will have the option of receiving some or all of the treatment via telehealth. All participants will asked to complete follow up assessments 1 week, 3 and 6 months post treatment. The proposed project addresses the need for a Veteran/military specific treatment of PGD, and uses technology to deliver this treatment in a format that is far more likely to be accepted by military personnel and Veterans. This study will impact clinical practice by providing the first evidence for effective treatment of PGD in Veterans.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a scientifically validated treatment for PTSD called Prolonged Exposure (PE) can be delivered effectively to Veterans with Military Sexual Trauma (MST) related PTSD using videoconferencing technology, which allows a therapist and patient who are not in the same room as one another to communicate. We are interested in learning if this form of mental health service delivery is an acceptable alternative to traditional face-to-face therapy delivered with the therapist in the same room as the patient. This study is being conducted at the Charleston VA Medical Center, surrounding Community-Based Outpatient Clinics (CBOCs), and the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC). It will involve approximately 125 female participants.
The Sleep Research Data Repository (SRDR) aimed to systematically collect, analyze and store for future research sleep and sleep disorders related biological and psychological information. It will include sleep physiological measurements and the results of interviews, questionnaires, and laboratory tests. The SRDR will contain sleep related information obtained from healthy subjects and patients with psychiatric, substance abuse, neurological disorders, or any medical conditions associated with sleep disturbances. SRDR data will be made available to current and future IRB-approved investigators associated with this protocol.