tDCS Combined with a Brief Cognitive Intervention to Reduce Perioperative Pain and Opioid Requirements in Veterans

Date Added
October 1st, 2019
PRO Number
Pro00091450
Researcher
Jeffrey Borckardt

List of Studies

Keywords
Brain, Joint, Mental Health, Military, Pain, Psychiatry, Surgery
Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether a new medical technology can help reduce post-operative total knee or hip pain when combined with a Cognitive-Behavioral intervention (CBI).

This new medical technology, is called transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), it uses a very small amount of electricity to temporarily stimulate specific areas of the brain thought to be involved in pain reduction. The electrical current passes through the skin, scalp, hair, and skull and requires no additional medication, sedation, or needles.

This study will investigate the effects of tDCS, the Cognitive-Behavioral (CB) intervention and their combination on pain among veterans following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). You may benefit in the form of decreased pain and opioid requirements following your knee or hip replacement surgery. However, benefit is only likely if you are randomized to one of the 3 (out of 4) groups.

This study hopes to determine the effects of these interventions and their combined effect on post-operative pain, opioid use and functioning during the 48-hour post-operative period following a total knee or hip replacement.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Georgia Mappin
(843) 789-7104
georgia.mappin@va.gov

Developing brain stimulation as a treatment for chronic pain in opiate dependent individuals

Date Added
July 3rd, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00078668
Researcher
Jeffrey Borckardt

List of Studies

Keywords
Brain, Drug Studies, Pain, Psychiatry
Summary

The purpose of this study is to develop transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) as a novel, non-pharmacologic approach to decreasing pain in individuals with chronic pain. This study will test whether rTMS over the prefrontal cortex can produce a reduction in your perception of pain, your desire to use opiates, and your brain's response to opiate cues. The results of this study will be used to design and develop a large clinical trial of rTMS as an innovative, new treatment option for chronic lower back pain in individuals that may have used chronic opiates.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Julia Imperatore
843-792-5560
imperato@musc.edu

The Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Transcranial Current Stimulation (tDCS) on Chronic Lower Back Pain

Date Added
September 2nd, 2014
PRO Number
Pro00036590
Researcher
Jeffrey Borckardt

List of Studies

Keywords
Pain
Summary

This study is to evaluate the effects of cognitive behavorial therapy in combination with tDCS (transcranial direct current stimulation) improving chronic pain and functionality, reducing severity of opioid use disorders, improve sleep, and reducing impairment in associated mental health areas (e.g., depression, anxiety, PTSD).

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Abagail Ault
(843) 792-0291
Ault@MUSC.edu



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