The purpose of the study is to examine whether an investigational medication called ketamine, which comes in the form of a nasal spray, is able to improve treatment outcomes for concurrent opioid addiction and depression when used in conjunction with buprenorphine treatment. Study medications will be delivered twice per week for four weeks. If you are eligible and you decide to enroll in the study, your participation will last approximately 8 weeks, or 2 months.
There is growing interest in the utilization of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) as a novel, non-pharmacologic approach to decreasing alcohol use among treatment-seeking individuals with Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). The results of this study will be used to determine which of the 2 proposed TMS strategies has a larger effect on drinking behavior (% days abstinent, % heavy drinking days) as well as alcohol cue-reactivity in a 4 month period. These data will pave the way for TMS to be used as an innovative, new treatment option for individuals with AUD.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a new medical technology can help reduce post-operative total knee or hip pain when combined with a Cognitive-Behavioral intervention (CBI).
This new medical technology, is called transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), it uses a very small amount of electricity to temporarily stimulate specific areas of the brain thought to be involved in pain reduction. The electrical current passes through the skin, scalp, hair, and skull and requires no additional medication, sedation, or needles.
This study will investigate the effects of tDCS, the Cognitive-Behavioral (CB) intervention and their combination on pain among veterans following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). You may benefit in the form of decreased pain and opioid requirements following your knee or hip replacement surgery. However, benefit is only likely if you are randomized to one of the 3 (out of 4) groups.
This study hopes to determine the effects of these interventions and their combined effect on post-operative pain, opioid use and functioning during the 48-hour post-operative period following a total knee or hip replacement.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating mental health condition that increases suicide risk and affects up to 20% of military veterans and 8% of the general population. Prolonged Exposure (PE) is a highly efficacious, evidence-based, cognitive-behavioral therapy for PTSD. However, dropout rates are high (25-30%) and an estimated one-third of patients who complete PE remain symptomatic. This study directly addresses these limitations by obtaining patient perspectives on an innovative technology system that will help to personalize optimization of a critical component of PE: In Vivo Exposure (IVE).
PTSD is a prevalent condition for which veterans frequently seek treatment in the VA healthcare system. There are a number of first-line PTSD treatment approaches available, such as Prolonged Exposure and Cognitive Processing Therapy. However, the efficacy rates of these treatments is not as high as what has been observed with civilian populations and approximately 36% of individuals drop out of these treatments prematurely. A proposed alternative to these treatments is Written Exposure Therapy (WET), a brief, 5 session intervention that has been shown to reduce symptoms of PTSD and contribute to lower dropout rates. The goal of this study is to investigate whether WET is as effective compared to Prolonged Exposure (PE) in the treatment of PTSD in a sample of veterans diagnosed with PTSD. It will involve approximately 150 Veterans. This research is funded by the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Staff at sites who participate in the MUSC Women's Reproductive Behavioral Telehealth (WRBT) Program will be asked to participate in individual interviews or focus groups (group discussions) about their experience with the telemedicine program and fill out surveys. Patients in the WRBT Program will be asked to fill out surveys about their telemedicine experience.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of an FDA-approved medication called tolcapone in people who have both Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The study involves seven visits over a three to four week period, including an assessment visit and two eight-day medication periods during which participants will be assigned to take, in a double-blinded fashion, both tolcapone and a placebo (three visits during each period). During two of these visits, participants will undergo a one-hour MRI scan. Participants must not be seeking treatment for AUD or ADHD and must not be currently taking any psychotropic medications, including stimulant medications for ADHD. Compensation is available for qualified participants.
This study will examine the effects of Epidiolex among adults who drink alcohol heavily but who are not seeking treatment for their alcohol use. Epidiolex is an FDA-approved formulation of cannabidiol, the primary non-psychoactive constituent of cannabis. Participants in the study will be randomly assigned to take Epidiolex or placebo for 8 days. There are 3 study visits, including a day-long visit in the laboratory.
This purpose of this research study is to collect feedback from participants about a web-based program for opioid misuse and opioid use disorder. Participants will be asked to review web-based content and take part in focus groups (group discussions) and individual interviews to provide feedback on the content. The study team is looking for pregnant women or women who have been pregnant in the past 2 years who misuse opioids or have opioid use disorder, as well as obstetric providers who treat pregnant women with opioid misuse and opioid use disorder to participate.
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), a non-invasive form of brain stimulation, produces lasting changes in the brain to treat depression and other brain disorders. Emphasis on clinical indications and efficacy has far outpaced a mechanistic understanding of how these changes are produced. In this study, we propose use of the pharmacologic agents d-cycloserine, demonstrated to be safe for human use, to probe in the molecular mechanism of long-term potentiation, the cellular basis of learning and memory. We will measure whether this agent can respectively strengthen the potentiation produced by TMS by looking at the amplitude of motor response (called motor evoked potential or MEP) of the thumb (through electromyography, or EMG).
A better understanding of its mechanism of action promises to optimize our ability to use TMS, and potentially improve duration and degree of response.