The goal of the COSMID (Comparison of Surgery and Medicine on the Impact of Diverticulitis) trial is to determine if elective colectomy is more effective than best medical management for patients with quality of life-limiting diverticular disease. The COSMID trial focuses on both patient-reported outcomes and clinical outcomes that matter to patients. The results are expected to establish an evidence-based approach to the care of millions of patients per year in the United States and help people impacted by this common condition make more informed treatment decisions.
The study is using cemdisiran compared to placebo injections to determine the safety and efficay of cemdisiran in treating IgA Nephropathy. The study includes a screening period (up to 90 days), 8 month treating period, and 52 week Open Label extension period. Injections occur monthly during the treatment period. Patients will be randomized 2:1 to the cemdisiran or placebo arms.
Scleroderma (systemic sclerosis) is a chronic autoimmune disease, characterized by dysregulation of immune cells in the blood and subsequent fibrosis and vascular dysfunction, associated with significant mortality and morbidity, disproportionately affecting women and African Americans, and without satisfactory treatments. Monocytes, a type of blood immune cells, are critically involved, but the mechanisms responsible for their deregulation in scleroderma remain largely unknown. The goal of this project is to understand how the regulation of monocytes differs between scleroderma and healthy individuals. Volunteers will be asked to provide a blood sample, for which modest compensation will be provided. This is not a drug study.
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of lenabasum compared to placebo in participants with dermatomyositis (DM), and to evaluate the safety and tolerability of lenabasum in participants with Dermatomyositis (DM).
Autoimmune diseases such as DN result from the immune system becoming over-active and attacking parts of the body. This over-active immune response also causes chronic inflammation. The growth of scar tissue in muscle, skin and internal organs with chronic inflammation from DM makes them not work as well as they should. Lenabasum may help the body stop the chronic inflammation and stop scarring fro getting worse without preventing the normal response of the immune system.
Lenabasum is an investigational drug that will be taken orally twice a day. It will take about one year to complete this research study. During this time, participants will make a total of 12 study visits.
Outcomes following a breast cancer diagnosis are different by race and ethnicity with African American women having poorer survival compared to Caucasian women. Research has shown that differences in personal health factors can contribute to breast cancer outcomes and explain racial differences. This study will examine how personal-level factors relating to biological, psychological, and physiological issues play a role in outcomes among African American breast cancer survivors.
Candidates for this study may or may not report disturbances in odor perception as their primary reason for seeking treatment at MUSC. This study is designed to collect long term, observational data from patients who are being treated with routine clinical care in health clinics at MUSC. Data from clinical questionnaires will be de-identified and stored in a database.
The goal of this study is to learn more about lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus; SLE), which affect African-Americans more than other groups. The purpose of this study is to understand what role microbes living in the intestine (called microbiota) have in causing lupus. This study will include African-Americans who have SLE, individuals who have immediate family members with SLE and unrelated healthy volunteers. For study subject recruitment, CCCR/MCRC databases including the longitudinal SLE in Gullah Health (SLEIGH) study as well as the chart review will be used to screen for eligibility. The study is sponsored by the National Institutes of Health.
It is important to understand multiple personal-level factors that impact disease risks and outcomes to determine the most effective ways to establish precise medical strategies to prevent, diagnose, and treat chronic health conditions and diseases. This is especially important among minority and underserved populations that would benefit from more tailored healthcare approaches. This study will develop and assess strategies for circulating evidence about precision medicine and improving precision medicine approaches.
This double-blinded placebo-controlled research study is being done to test the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of the experimental drug JBT-101 in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We will see if JBT-101 taken by mouth stops inflammation and how well JBT-101 is tolerated. The study will evaluate whether JBT-101 will decrease the pain associated with active arthritis or tendonitis in SLE subjects. JBT-101 is manufactured entirely from chemicals and its structure is similar to the end product of a chemical in marijuana. This drug was designed to have the known anti-inflammatory properties of marijuana without the effects on brain function and mood.
The purpose of this study is to test whether treatment with a drug called alpha 1 antitrypsin (AAT, Prolastin, Grilfols, Inc.) can reduce the chance of getting diabetes in a specific situation. Sometimes patients have their pancreas gland removed for pain. Since the pancreas makes insulin from cells called islet cells, these are removed from the pancreas and returned to the body to try decrease the chance of diabetes. The only participants invited to this study are those individuals getting ready to have the pancreas surgery.