Measurement of gait mechanics and movement in the lower extremity amputee Save

Date Added
October 30th, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00082064
Researcher
Aaron Embry
Keywords
Exercise, Movement Disorders, Physical Therapy, Rehabilitation Studies
Summary

Walking after a lower extremity amputation is often difficult. It is important that researchers and clinicians understand the mechanisms that inhibit normal walking function. In this study, we are recruiting individuals with lower extremity limb loss for a walking and balance investigation. We will also be studying matched healthy controls to do similar study procedures. All study procedures will occur on the campus of MUSC by a licensed Physical Therapist and experienced researcher. Any questions should be directed to the coordinator listed.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Aaron Embry
843-792-8198
embry@musc.edu

Post-stroke Optimization of Walking using Explosive Resistance: Concurrent effects on Depression Save

Date Added
August 7th, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00077223
Researcher
Chris Gregory
Keywords
Depression, Exercise, Rehabilitation Studies, Stroke
Summary

Depression contributes directly to disability following a stroke and is the single strongest predictor of quality of life. Treatment of depressive symptoms is associated with better functional recovery and return to activities of daily living. Resistance training can effectively improve post-stroke mobility and has the potential to serve as an alternative (non-drug) anti-depressant treatment option. The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of resistance training on post-stroke depressive symptoms.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Landi Wilson
843-792-9013
wilsolan@musc.edu

Activate For Life: A nurse delivered hybrid telehealth/mHealth aging in place intervention to address pain and fatigue in low-income older adults Save

Date Added
June 5th, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00076835
Researcher
Kathryn Vanravenstein
Keywords
Aging, Chronic Fatigue, Exercise, Pain
Summary

The overall goal of this feasibility study is to test an individualized, nurse-led behavioral health program that leverages home telehealth technology to directly teach low and fixed income older adults residing in the community to reduce their pain and fatigue by improving mobility through strength and balance training in the context of a complementary mental health intervention to address motivation and social support. Specifically, the integrated intervention includes components to address (1) balance and fall prevention (Otago), (2) strengthening and mindfulness (Yoga), and importantly, (3) affective state and social support which are crucial to maintaining motivation (Behavioral Activation). Moreover, these 3 best practices interventions will be enhanced by integrating physical activity data tracking to complement self-report measures, the former of which will be available in real time for patient and provider review, with parameter violations (eg, non-activity during scheduled activity time; overall activity level lower for a set period of time) triggering brief telehealth sessions to address any problems. Finally, participant qualitative feedback will be captured through voice/video recorded diaries focusing on experienced pain, fatigue, sleep, personal reactions to the project and physical activity as well as technology issues they may encounter.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Kathryn VanRavenstein
843-792-3054
vanraven@musc.edu

Incline Training to Personalize Motor Control Interventions after Stroke Save

Date Added
May 3rd, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00077797
Researcher
Mark Bowden
Keywords
Exercise, Physical Therapy, Rehabilitation Studies, Stroke, Stroke Recovery
Summary

Stroke is the leading cause of disability, as many of those affected demonstrate difficulty with movement and
walking. Rehabilitation post-stroke can be challenging and often ineffective because no two stroke survivors
present with the same mobility impairments, yet the same physical therapy interventions are utilized. Thus, a need exists to personalize rehabilitation techniques to improve function and mobility post-stroke. The proposed innovative research will test a framework created to identify the most effective intervention based on a participant's specific motor control problems. We plan to study how self-selected walking speed is impacted by a four-week walking program that incorporates either walking on an inclined or declined treadmill compared to walking on a flat treadmill. We will determine the best intervention for each problem and identify predictors of response. Selecting the correct intervention for personalized motor control problems, as opposed to applying a one-size-fits-all strategy for rehabilitation, is likely to improve walking function in Veterans after stroke.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Brian Cence
(843) 792-2668
cence@musc.edu

A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Selonsertib, GS-0976, GS-9674, and Combinations in Subjects with Bridging (F3) Fibrosis or Compensated Cirrhosis (F4) due to Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) Save

Date Added
April 10th, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00076641
Researcher
Don Rockey
Keywords
Diabetes, Digestive System, Drug Studies, Exercise, Hypertension/ High Blood Pressure, Liver, Men's Health, Metabolism, Nutrition, Obesity
Summary

This is a Phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study
evaluating the safety and efficacy of SEL, GS-0976, GS-9674, and
combinations in subjects with bridging fibrosis or compensated
cirrhosis due to NASH.
Subjects meeting the study's entry criteria will be randomly assigned in
a 2:2:1:1:1:1:2 ratio to 1 of 7 treatment groups, with approximately
70 subjects in each combination treatment group and approximately 35
subjects in each single agent or placebo group.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Megan Bickford
843-876-8439
liverstudies@musc.edu

Evaluating race specific AGE accumulation as a behavioral biomarker that can reflect optimal health in prostate cancer survivors Save

Date Added
December 19th, 2017
PRO Number
Pro00071004
Researcher
David Turner
Keywords
Cancer/Other, Exercise, Obesity
Summary

As our bodies use the sugars that we consume for energy they generate waste chemicals known as metabolites. One such group of metabolites is known as advanced glycation end products or AGEs for short. Critically apart from their production as a result of sugar breakdown, AGE levels in the body are also increased by the foods that we eat and when we do not get enough exercise. AGEs may cause many of the side effects experienced by prostate cancer survivors. This study aims to examine the effects of diet change and exercise on AGE levels in prostate cancer survivors.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
David Turner
843-876-2309
turnerda@musc.edu

Breathe Easier - A Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery Program for Patients with Early Stage Lung Cancer (Stages I-IIIA) and their Family Members Save

Date Added
June 22nd, 2017
PRO Number
Pro00063448
Researcher
Karen Mcdonnell
Keywords
Breathing, Cancer, Cancer/Lung, Exercise, Lung
Summary

Although the five-year survival rate of people diagnosed with lung cancer is increasing, excessive symptom burden during the period of survivorship remains a prevalent and complex problem for survivors and their family members. The growing number of lung cancer survivors warrants the development of innovative and unique evidence-based intervention programs designed to improve their health outcomes. This study, Breathe Easier, is lung cancer specific, targets multiple symptoms and lifestyle behaviors will test a mindfulness-based intervention that includes breathing retraining exercises, mindfulness-based meditation, yoga for varying skill levels, and participant interaction designed specifically to address issues of importance to survivors of lung cancer and their family members.

Institution
Palmetto
Recruitment Contact
David Gallerani
803-777-9735
Galleran@mailbox.sc.edu

INtervention Study In overweiGHT patients with COPD (INSIGHT COPD) Save

Date Added
March 21st, 2017
PRO Number
Pro00062895
Researcher
Tatsiana Beiko
Keywords
Disease Prevention, Exercise, Lung, Nutrition, Obesity, Pulmonary
Summary

We are conducting the INSIGHT COPD study because symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and high body mass index (BMI) overlap. There are many medications for patients with COPD, but there is little mention of weight loss as a possible treatment in current research. We are trying to find out if a lifestyle program that promotes modest weight loss and increased physical activity will improve COPD symptoms and lead to better exercise tolerance for those with a high BMI. We are also looking at the effects on shortness of breath, quality-of-life, and cardiovascular disease risk factors. The INSIGHT COPD trial is taking place at many sites across the United States including MUSC, and is planning to enroll approximately 1000 people.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Danielle Woodford
(843) 792-6280
woodfordd@musc.edu

A feasibility study assessing exercise level and quality of life in patients with lung cancer. Save

Date Added
August 11th, 2016
PRO Number
Pro00052856
Researcher
Gerard Silvestri
Keywords
Cancer/Lung, Exercise, Lung
Summary

Self administered-surveys will be conducted of patients with advanced stage lung cancer who utilize the Hollings Cancer Center and East Cooper multidisciplinary thoracic oncology clinic for medical care. Information about their activity level and quality of life will be collected. Baseline activity level will be monitored for one week based on amount of steps recorded on the Fitbit® pedometer, and a physical activity prescription will be given for an additional three weeks. The results will help determine if exercise is beneficial to lung cancer patients and if exercise as an adjuvant treatment is viable.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Katherine Taylor
843-792-2297
taylkat@musc.edu

The benefits of acute aerobic exercise on neuroplastic potential in depression Save

Date Added
April 5th, 2016
PRO Number
Pro00050872
Researcher
Ryan Ross
Keywords
Depression, Exercise, Mental Health, Nervous System
Summary

Aerobic exercise training has positive effects on depression severity and mood in individuals with depression. The effects of single sessions of aerobic exercise may also provide some short-term benefits in depression. It is believed that a reduction in depression severity may be facilitated by changes in the nervous system, however this has yet to be examined. Although aerobic exercise has beneficial effects for those with depression it is unclear as to why this may occur. Therefore the goal of our project is to better understand the effect of a single session of aerobic exercise on the nervous system, physiology, and mood in depression.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Ryan Ross
862-377-8208
rossre@musc.edu

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