This study will recruit adolescents who are enrolled in a Teen Health Careers Program to participate in a community-engaged study. This study will seek to understand the barriers and facilitators to physical activity and nutritious foods throughout their daily lives. Adolescents will use take digital images to capture aspects of their daily lives using photography.
We are conducting the INSIGHT COPD study because symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and high body mass index (BMI) overlap. There are many medications for patients with COPD, but there is little mention of weight loss as a possible treatment in current research. We are trying to find out if a lifestyle program that promotes modest weight loss and increased physical activity will improve COPD symptoms and lead to better exercise tolerance for those with a high BMI. We are also looking at the effects on shortness of breath, quality-of-life, and cardiovascular disease risk factors. The INSIGHT COPD trial is taking place at many sites across the United States including MUSC, and is planning to enroll approximately 1000 people.
Many individuals post-stroke have a hard time walking independently and freely in their homes and communities. Therefore, it is not surprising that the number one goal stated post-stroke is to regain walking function and is a central focus in rehabilitation. Current recommendations for improving post-stroke walking speed involves walking at a constant or continuous speed, however an new approach is the use of interval training that includes alternating between higher intensity and low intensity periods. Interval training is shown to result in larger gains in speed in neurologically healthy subjects. Preliminary data show higher intensity interval training to be possible in individuals following stroke, however direct comparisons of interval training to continuous training on walking function are not known. For this study there are two required sessions with the possibility of being asked to participate in additional sessions. A minimum of 48 hours in required between sessions. Each session lasts approximately two and half hours.
Self administered-surveys will be conducted of patients with advanced stage lung cancer who utilize the Hollings Cancer Center and East Cooper multidisciplinary thoracic oncology clinic for medical care. Information about their activity level and quality of life will be collected. Baseline activity level will be monitored for one week based on amount of steps recorded on the Fitbit® pedometer, and a physical activity prescription will be given for an additional three weeks. The results will help determine if exercise is beneficial to lung cancer patients and if exercise as an adjuvant treatment is viable.
You are invited to volunteer for a research study if you have been diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease (PD) Stage 1-3.
This study will examine whether a kickboxing regime called "Rock Steady Boxing" helps improve cognitive dysfunction (thinking problems) in subjects with Parkinson's disease. "Rock Steady Boxing" is a fairly recent intervention for PD exercise rehabilitation.This program incorporates elements of aerobic exercise, with range of motion, visual spatial awareness, endurance, speed, agility, voice strengthening, and cognitive tasks. Your are eligible to participate if you plan to undergo Rock Steady Boxing as part of your own personal health plan, or you have indicated that you exercise regularly, but you do not intend to start Rock Steady Boxing.
Aerobic exercise training has positive effects on depression severity and mood in individuals with depression. The effects of single sessions of aerobic exercise may also provide some short-term benefits in depression. It is believed that a reduction in depression severity may be facilitated by changes in the nervous system, however this has yet to be examined. Although aerobic exercise has beneficial effects for those with depression it is unclear as to why this may occur. Therefore the goal of our project is to better understand the effect of a single session of aerobic exercise on the nervous system, physiology, and mood in depression.
This study will test a low intensity foot exercise program for people with lower leg ulcers and who have problems with walking to see if it improves the condition of the legs. A small activity monitoring tracker called an accelerometer will be placed on the foot during the exercises that are to be done in the home for about 6 weeks. The tracker sends movement information to a cell phone that lets you and your doctor know about improvements in the foot movements. Better foot movements help condition the muscles and joints and may improve activity such as walking and getting up from a chair.
Exercise adoption enhances well-being and recovery from breast cancer. In two previous studies, we have trained community volunteers with the American Cancer Society to provide exercise counseling for breast cancer survivors and the survivors increased their exercise in the short-term (R01 CA132854). This randomized controlled study examines the effects of three maintenance conditions following the 3-month exercise counseling provided by the community volunteers on exercise participation among breast cancer patients at longer follow-ups.
To begin, all study participants (n=150) will receive a 3-month telephone-based exercise program from Reach to Recovery (RTR) volunteers at the American Cancer Society. This will be followed by three maintenance programs during Months 4-9: Reach Plus (participants will receive exercise logs and feedback reports), Reach Plus Phone (monthly counseling calls from coaches, exercise logs and feedback reports) and 3) Reach Plus Messages (monthly email/text messages, exercise logs and feedback reports).
We will enroll 150 women who have completed treatment for breast cancer and assess their exercise behavior, fatigue, quality of life, and mood at baseline (before the 3 month exercise program), 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. The costs and effectiveness of the three groups will be examined to help guide future dissemination of this peer mentoring approach in community-based organizations to enhance cancer survivorship.
In this project, we will assess the effects of aerobic exercise training (AET), repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) or their combination on symptoms of depression as well as walking function in persons following stroke. Both of these treatments are known to be beneficial for treating depression in individuals without stroke, though neither has been adequately studied post-stroke. Furthermore, substantive studies show that exercise improves post-stroke walking function, thus offering a way to study the effects of depression on response to rehabilitation following stroke.