The aim of this multi-site study is to evaluate the effectiveness of mHealth intervention strategies for improving anti-epileptic drug adherence in caregivers of young children with epilepsy. A 2-month baseline period will be followed by two stages. In Stage 1 (3-months), caregivers will received either 1) a mHealth education module and automated digital reminders or 2) the mHealth education module, automated digital reminders, and individualized adherence feedback based. In Stage 2 (2-months), caregivers will either receive 1) continued individualized adherence feedback or 2) individualized adherence feedback and a mHealth problem-solving module. The primary outcome is electronically-monitored adherence. Secondary outcomes include seizure severity/frequency, quality of life and healthcare utilization.
The purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding of how stressful life experiences and learning styles impact threat reactivity in childhood. Children that experience highly stressful situations are at risk for diverse mental health concerns, including anxiety and depressive disorders and PTSD.There may be certain periods of time in development that this risk is heightened. By studying the mechanisms underlying threat response, we hope to better predict short-term and long-term effects of stress and trauma in youth, as well as inform and improve clinical care.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate causes and risk factors for liver disease in those whom have 1) undergone the Fontan procedure or 2) whom have dilated cardiomyopathy.
Participants in this study will have a blood sample collected, undergo cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), a liver magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), shear wave ultrasound elastography (SWE), echocardiography, liver Doppler ultrasound, and an exercise stress test. Participants medical records will be reviewed to collect information on previous medical procedures. Participation is complete once all imaging studies and blood sample have been collected.
This is not a treatment study; if one chooses not to participate, s/he will continue to undergo regularly scheduled clinical procedures.
This study is being conducted to determine how safe and effective an investigational drug called dupilumab (REGN668) is in reducing the signs and symptoms of eczema. This drug is investigational in that it is not yet approved by government agencies, such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of children. Dupilumab is, however, approved by the FDA for the treatment of AD in adult patients.
Your child's participation in this study will require 8 visits to the study center over 3 months.
As part of this study, your child will have a physical exam, blood testing and an electrocardiogram or electrical testing of the heart performed. They will also be given the study drug (dupilumab).
The majority of drugs administered to children are used off label and PK studies to define appropriate dosing are lacking across pediatric age groups. Challenges associated with clinical trials in children limit the ability to conduct PK and dosing trials in this population. Studies capitalizing on standard of care procedures have proven successful in characterizing the PK of drugs used in children. The purpose of this study is to characterize the PK of understudied drugs administered to children per standard of care as prescribed by their treating caregiver.
This study will serve as a tool to better understand drug exposure in children receiving drugs per standard of care. The data collected through this initiative will provide valuable PK and dosing information drugs in different pediatric age groups as well as special pediatric populations (i.e. obese).
The primary investigators/residents have noted during clinical rotations that a significant number of GBS unknown mothers at SRHS are being treated with intrapartum antibiotics even without the presence of risk factors, presumably to decrease postpartum/neonatal length of stay.
Our study, a retrospective chart review, will determine whether or not length of stay is affected by treating GBS unknown mothers with intrapartum antibiotics in the absence of the aforementioned risk factors.
Potential benefits include the cost-effectiveness of decreased length of stay for these patients as well as decreased exposure to nosocomial infections for neonates. However, antibiotic stewardship and patient safety are also considerations. Another potential option for these patients is rapid GBS testing with PCR which can provide results in 1-2 hours compared with 24-48 hours for the standard culture. PCR is not currently available at SMC.
This study is for subjects who have been diagnosed with acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and are a candidate for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). The study is being done to learn if adding defibrotide to the standard medicines for prevention of acute Graft-versus-Host Disease (aGvHD), which is called immunoprophylaxis, will help to prevent aGvHD better than using the usual immunoprophylaxis medicines alone. The investigational drug in this study is called Defibrotide. The duration of participation for each patient is approximately 6 months.
Bronchiolitis is broadly defined as a clinical syndrome that occurs in children < 2 years of age and is characterized by upper respiratory symptoms followed by lower respiratory infection with inflammation, which results in wheezing and or crackles (rales). Bronchiolitis typically is caused by viruses. In ICU setting, the standard therapy of patient presents with acute bronchiolitis are bronchodilation medications. Recent recommendations of American Academy of Pediatrics stated that no evidence to support usage of any of bronchodilators,The goal of this study is validate the effectiveness of bronchodilators medications.
This study is being done to study the effect of putting povidone-iodine ophthalmic or balanced saline solutions in the eye has on respirations during strabismus (eye alignment) surgery. Both of these solutions are FDA approved for use in this manner and will be done after patients are under anesthesia. The solution to be used is determined by randomization upon enrollment and will either be 3 drops of povidone-iodine ophthalmic solution in each eye (Group A) or 3 drops of BSS in each eye (Group B). The eye solution intervention period will take less than 5 minutes and will cause either only a slight delay or no delay in the surgical time. The only other intervention is the collection of data after induction (but just prior to IV insertion), as well as before and after the drops of eye solution are delivered.