We are recruiting individuals between the ages of 6 months and 85 years of age that have Down syndrome along with their mothers and siblings.
Each participant will provide a blood sample during for research purposes aimed at identifying novel biomarkers for health.
We will also gather some basic health information about senses, habits, exercise level and smoking/vaping exposures.
The largest published COVID-19 pediatric series to date included only 13 patients considered to be critically ill and only described the Chinese outbreak. There are essentially no data outside of this and nothing to begin to understand the prevalence of severe/critical pediatric COVID-19, the risk factors associated with this illness, outcomes from COVID-19, and factors (patient or treatment) that may be associated with an improved or worsened outcome. This study will identify all children admitted to an inpatient unit with a diagnosis of COVID-19. Clinical data will be collected through medical record review to describe in detail the demographics and clinical characteristics, including clinical course and treatment, of infected children who require hospitalization.
The project will study how substance abuse and traumatic events are related to how mothers and children respond to rewards, and how they interact with each other. Participating mothers and children will complete tasks in an MRI scanner, questionnaires, and a social behavior task.
ATHN 9 is a natural history study to assess the safety of various Von Willebrand Factor (VWF) regimens for different indications (on-demand, surgery and prophylaxis) in adult and pediatric participants with clinically severe congenital VWD.
Babies that are born extremely prematurely are at higher risk of developing chronic (long term) lung disease (CLD) and other complications (problems). The purpose of this study is to test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational drug called mecasermin rinfabate (rhIGF-1/rhIGTBP-3) or SHP607. The researchers want to find out if SHP607 can help reduce the risk of chronic lung disease in babies born prematurely and if it can help reduce the risk of other complications.
Pediatric traumatic injury (PTI) ? defined as unintentional injury requiring hospitalization and, often, extended periods of physical and emotional recovery ? is experienced by 300,000 children in the U.S. annually. Roughly 20-40% of children and caregivers develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or depression following PTI, yet most U.S. trauma centers fail to provide even basic mental health screening post-injury. It is critical to advance our knowledge of available mental health services in trauma centers for this frequently overlooked population to accelerate their physical and emotional recovery. In this project, trauma center providers across the U.S. will complete a survey and a qualitative interview to assess their current protocols and resources available to screen and treat children and families' mental health in the aftermath of PTI, as well as their opinions regarding feasibility of implementing protocols to better address the emotional health recovery within this population.
This study will involve 12 babies who have been identified as at risk for withdrawal symptoms after birth. This study will test the feasibility of acupressure as an additional non-invasive, first line treatment for infants experiencing withdrawal symptoms. We will also send a voluntary survey out to the healthcare providers who cared for the infant (nurse, medical doctor, or advanced practice provider (nurse practitioner or physician assistant).
Youth with one or more chronic diseases are at increased risk of further complications, disease, or even early death as they enter their adult years. Recent increases in both asthma and obesity among youth have led to high health care utilization, increased health-related complications, and expanded risks of subsequent cardiovascular disease burden. The research team will develop educational content in core areas (e.g., fatigue, physical activity) for Managing AsThma AnD Obesity Related Symptoms (MATADORS), an mHealth technology-enhanced nurse-guided intervention. Youth with asthma and obesity and their primary caregivers will participate in interviews to explore their perspectives on barriers, facilitators, needs, and preferences toward adopting health behaviors, medication adherence, disease awareness, symptom self-management behaviors, and utilization of a mobile smartphone platform. Additional details on content availability, delivery approaches, system needs, and functionality will be explored through semi-structured interview questions. Health care providers (physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, dietitians, and respiratory and exercise therapists) will be invited to participate in interviews to seek their input on patient-caregiver needs, priority clinical focal areas, recommendations for symptom self-management, and preferences for intervention delivery. Interview findings will be used to inform intervention and app design. Providing youth with strategies to enhance symptom self-management may result in decreased symptom prevalence, improved quality of life, and long-term reduction of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality as they move into adulthood.
The aim of this multi-site study is to evaluate the effectiveness of mHealth intervention strategies for improving anti-epileptic drug adherence in caregivers of young children with epilepsy. A 2-month baseline period will be followed by two stages. In Stage 1 (3-months), caregivers will received either 1) a mHealth education module and automated digital reminders or 2) the mHealth education module, automated digital reminders, and individualized adherence feedback based. In Stage 2 (2-months), caregivers will either receive 1) continued individualized adherence feedback or 2) individualized adherence feedback and a mHealth problem-solving module. The primary outcome is electronically-monitored adherence. Secondary outcomes include seizure severity/frequency, quality of life and healthcare utilization.