This is a study to develop a test for radiation exposure in the event of a nuclear event such as the detonation of a nuclear device or widespread radiation exposure. We will collect blood samples from a variety of different types of human subjects whose current medical status could possibly have an effect on the results of the test, such as trauma, burns, infections or a damaged immune system or young children. The goal is to ensure that these conditions do not affect the results of the test.
The goals of this study are to understand the mechanisms behind the development of heart failure in children born with complicated heart defects consisting of a functional single pumping chamber, improve the ability to objectively measure cardiac function in these patients and determine the relationship of these pathophysiologic mechanisms to outcomes.
The TRANSFORM network is focused on improving child health outcomes in SC through research on conditions of highest priority for future generations. These include conditions like asthma, autism, diabetes, obesity and early childhood outcomes. To accelerate research study recruitment activities for future projects that TRANSFORM sites may participate in, the TRANSFORM network sites will create a research recruitment registry of families interested in volunteering for research. Participants will enter their own as well as their child(ren)'s information into the electronic registry which can be used to identify people to contact for future studies.
This trial of pitavastatin will determine efficacy and safety in this high risk population, and provide evidence for clinicians to target this treatable risk factor to achieve an impact on early atherosclerosis, and potentially achieve primary prevention of adult cardiovascular disease.
This study is a longitudinal, observational follow-up of MUSC subjects previously enrolled in the NIH funded Tolsurf study. It is being conducted to determine the developmental impact of NICU exposures to chemical plasticizers called phthalates that are found in the NICU environment. Subjects who participated in the Tolsurf study are part of a larger group of NIH funded studies. Participants in each of these NIH funded NICU studies have urine samples from their NICU stay stored in a biobank. These urine samples will be tested for phthalates. If the families agree to let their children participate in the study, results of pulmonary testing and developmental testing will be compared to levels of phthalates in the urine collected during their NICU stay. Previous studies have linked phthalates in-utero to developmental delays, asthma, and altered onset of puberty. The aims of the DINE study are to identify the sources of phthalates in the NICU and measure the impact of phthalates in the NICU.
The proposed study (ECCHO-NFGS) provides an unprecedented opportunity to understand mechanisms of in utero exposures on risk of childhood outcomes of public health significance. The data are of the highest quality, are the most detailed serial assessments of fetal development available in any cohort. We will demonstrate our ability to engage children and standardize our research protocols to address our hypotheses (UG3) and follow this cohort prospectively for future risk assessment (UH3). The NFGS is the ideal cohort to assess the prenatal determinants of two key health outcomes ? obesity and neuroimpairment as well as be a resource for the ECHO Consortium for all four outcome focus areas.
This study is for patient that have been diagnosed with suspected lower respiratory tract infection. The purpose of this study is to evaluate a new test that may be able to find more lung infections than current tests can. This new test is called next-generation sequencing and looks in respiratory secretions for bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other organisms that may cause infection. We hope to learn more about the usefulness of this new test in identifying infections.
The purpose of this study is to understand factors contributing to managing emotions, behavior problems, and substance use risk among girls. Middle school adolescent girls will be asked about their thoughts and feelings about themselves and their ethnic group, perceptions, and discrimination. They will also report on their behavior and substance use risk. Their reactions to recent incidents of unfair treatment or disciplinary action will also be assessed.
The purpose of this research protocol is to collect information about individuals living with sickle cell disease to help improve the care of those patients. We hope to understand more about the disease itself, the best ways to treat the disease, and the best ways to help patients with sickle cell disease get care. The goal is to have clinical information about every person diagnosed with sickle cell disease in South Carolina so that we can better treat the disease and help develop new ways to improve outcomes.
We will combine state-of-the-art brain imaging techniques in 140 Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial (SVR) III patients and 100 control subjects with innovative brain connectome or ?graph? analyses to determine if brain connectivity graph measurements will provide novel neuroimaging biomarkers for neurodevelopmental disabilities and improve our understanding of their inciting mechanisms in the SVR survivors. Only 6 of the SVR III patients and no controls will be enrolled at MUSC.