Behavioral health problems among Veterans have raised awareness of the critical need for more reliable, effective, and accessible ways to recognize those in need, direct them to help, and ensure that they receive the best evidence-based care available. AboutFace is a novel peer education program that features the personal stories of Veterans and is designed to improve Veterans' likelihood of engaging in PTSD specialty care. Using a randomized controlled study design we propose to compare the efficacy of AboutFace relative to standard care for improving treatment engagement and outcomes. Additional data from VA providers will provide valuable information on wide scale implementation and dissemination of AboutFace. If AboutFace increases access of services, data will have broad implications for overcoming barriers to care for Veterans with PTSD and other stigmatized conditions.
The purpose of the study is to examine whether 60-minute sessions of Prolonged Exposure (PE) is as effective as the standard 90-minute sessions in reducing the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PE is a well-researched, very effective individual (one-to-one) therapy that is designed to help people to deal with traumatic events they have suffered in the past, including combat. This study is being conducted at the Charleston VA Medical Center, surrounding Community-Based Outpatient Clinics (CBOCs), and in the community. It will involve approximately 200 active duty participants. This research is funded by the Department of Defense.
Individuals with anxiety disorders are approximately twice as likely as the general population to experience alcohol addiction and vice versa. The affinity toward addiction is especially high in the case of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Animal and human work has suggested that the neurocircuitry largely overlaps in both the expression and extinction of fear and craving. This study involves utilizing one session of non-invasive brain stimulation (repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation) to enhance extinction learning as measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging, in both healthy individuals and those with PTSD and alcohol addiction. While this is a single session study, the goal of this study is two identify promising new brain targets to be used therapeutically for individuals suffering from PTSD and alcohol addiction.
This study aims to conduct focus groups with adolescents and parents (30 adolescents and 30 parents) to gather feedback to help design an integrated psychological therapy for co-occurring PTSD and substance use among adolescents (Teen COPE). This information will be used to make revisions to the new Teen COPE Therapist Guide and Patient Workbook.
We are currently recruiting women and men ages 18-70 who have had trauma experience and who use alcohol. This research study includes 12 weekly therapy sessions as well as random assignment to receive either the study medication or placebo.
The study will examine the ability of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant/dietary supplement, to reduce the severity of alcohol cravings and withdrawal as well as symptoms associated with PTSD.
As a result of sustained operations in Afghanistan and Iraq, there are an increasing number of U.S. military Veterans with substance use disorders and comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). If left untreated, individuals with substance use disorders and PTSD are at increased risk for developing other mental health problems (e.g., depression, anxiety), suicidal ideation and attempts, medical problems, reduced resiliency and military readiness, vocational problems, and family/social impairment.Determine the benefits of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in treating alcohol use disorder and comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among military Veterans.
The purpose of this research study is to determine ability to recruit lung cancer patients who have completed cancer treatment to a study of a device that may decrease anxiety. Researchers then will determine how many will complete the sessions using the study device as well as all study questionnaires. They will also compare effects of device-guided breathing on anxiety and shortness of breath in lung cancer patients.
This pilot project is a collaborative effort between the Autism Wonders program at Greenville Health Systems and the Department of Psychology at the University of South Carolina. The overarching objective of the project is to clarify the relationship of ASD diagnosis and the presence of anxiety symptoms in a sample of children being evaluated for an ASD diagnosis. The project will use a multi-method approach to the assessment of ASD and anxiety symptoms, drawing from behavioral observation, gold-standard diagnostic measures, and parent-report questionnaires.
Patients who have had lung cancer and are experiencing anxiety and possibly shortness of breath may be eligible to participate in the this study.
If you take part in this study, you will be randomized into one of the three study groups described below. Randomization means that you are put into a group by chance. It is like flipping a coin. You will have an equal chance of being placed in any group.
Group A: Will receive a device that will gradually slow down breathing rate. It plays music through headphones and has a sensor that attaches to your abdomen or chest. You will be asked to use it once per day for 15 minutes, at least 5 days per week, for 12 weeks.
Group B: Will receive a device that will gradually slow down breathing rate. It plays music through headphones and has a sensor that attaches to your abdomen or chest. You will be asked to use it twice per day for 15 minutes, at least 5 days per week, for 12 weeks.
Group C: Will receive a device that will leave your breathing rate at a similar rate that you usually breathe. It plays chimes through headphones and has a sensor that attaches to your abdomen or chest. You will be asked to use it once per day for 15 minutes, at least 5 days a week for 12 weeks.
Study participation lasts about 12 weeks.
The current investigation uses a brain-based technique, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), which has helped to treat depression, to try to stimulate those brain regions understood to be essential to emotional experience and impaired in PTSD. In summary, the aim is to enhance emotion engagement and regulation and possibly uncover new brain-based interventions that could help ready the brain so an individual with PTSD could then fully engage and thus optimize emotion-focused psychotherapy.