This research study will test whether or not using an investigational drug called OMS302 during pediatric cataract surgery helps keep the pupil dilated (open) and reduces eye pain after surgery. OMS302 (Omidria? phenylephrine and ketorolac injection 1%/0.3%) has been approved by United States Food and Drug Administration for use in adults to keep the pupil dilated during surgery and reduce eye pain after the surgery. The use of Omidria? in children has not been FDA-approved. This study is being done to help gain FDA approval for this drug?s use during cataract surgeries on children up to 3 years old.
We propose a prospective observational analysis of near visual acuity and stereopsis in pseudophakic children. Visual acuity analysis will be standardized based on age per PEDIG protocols. Results will be stratified by age and by monocular versus binocular surgery. Children will be assessed in their appropriate corrective lenses to control for myopia as a confounding factor. Refractive error will be measured to optimize visual acuity measurement and assess for the potential role of astigmatism in preservation of near visual function.
Infants born early who are in the neonatal intensive care unit will be included if they meet national guidelines for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening exams. Informed consent will be given to the parent(s) or legal guardians. 1.5-2 ml of blood will be drawn from a vein when the child is enrolled in the study and may be drawn again if the child requires treatment of eye disease. A cheek swab will also be obtained. These biologic samples will be shipped overnight to the University of Utah for genetic analysis. Analysis will determine if a change in gene expression causes retinopathy of prematurity. Infants enrolled in the study will be followed clinically per established ROP screening guidelines. They will not require additional study exams.
The Argus II Retinal Prosthesis System is intended to provide electrical stimulation of the retina to induce visual perception in blind individuals with retinitis pigmentosa. This is a post-market study gathering safety data and evaluate measures of visiual function to ensure that the risks ad benefits of the device continue to be acceptable (post FDA approval). Data gathered during this study may aso contribute to improvements to the device.
The Argus II Humanitarian Use Device is intended to provide electrical stimulation of the retina to induce visual perception in blind individuals
This study is intended to compare the accuracy of the visual acuity measurement done with a new projected eyechart method when compared to the gold standard (Marco Guyton-Minkowski PAM) before surgery and Snellen wallchart acuity after cataract surgery.
Ambylopia treatment study to compare the effectiveness of binocular game play versus patching in children ages 5 to < 17 years of age.
The purpose of this study will be to collect a skin biopsy (skin tissue) or blood sample from each participating patient with retinal degeneration, such as Best?s disease or age-related macular degeneration (AMD), including geographic atrophy (GA). Each skin biopsy or blood sample will be taken to the laboratory of the investigators where skin epithelial cells called fibroblasts, will be induced to make ?pluripotent stem cells? or ?iPSCs?. These iPSCs will be differentiated into retina epithelial cells which will be tested for their ability to function as new retinal cells in animal models of retinal degeneration. Because these special cells are individualized or patient-specific, they will not be rejected by that individual patient, and thereby represent the first step in a potential future treatment for retinal disease. Cells will also be processed at the New York Stem Cell Foundation IPSC core facility using the procedure described above. The Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) and New York Stem Cell Foundation (NYSCF) will enter into a material transfer agreement (MTA) initiated by the MUSC Foundation for Research Development. Once MTAs are initiated, samples will be coded at MUSC. Coded samples will be sent via dry ice to ensure full competency to the NYSCF. Samples will remain coded at MUSC and will not be released to the NYSCF. Fibroblasts will be reprogrammed using the method described above and sent back to MUSC (as iPS cells) for the research purposes of this study. Cells will only be identifiable to the NYSCF by disease, sex, and gender. Once cells are received by the NYSCF they receive a number bar code for further processing and are in no way traceable to the patient by the NYSCF. Reprogrammed cells will be stored at the NYSCF biorepository but only shared with the knowledge of MUSC. These samples will be used for the purposes of this study. Any other use will be evaluated by the investigators and the MUSC Foundation for Research Development and the appropriate action taken. Once samples are processed that will not be withdrawn from the biorepository. The NYSCF biorepository is a secure facility with only authorized personnel having access to the facility
This study is to compare the effect of an investigational drug (Lampalizumab) in an injection to the eye every 4 to 6 weeks compared to a sham (false ) injection on the effects of Geographic Atrophy secondary to patients with Age Related Macular Degeneration. This study will last for 2 years. The study will involve blood draws and numerous ophthalmic exams.