AZD5363 is a new anti-cancer treatment being developed by AstraZeneca that has not yet been approved for use. This study is part of a research project for collecting information about the safety and effectiveness of this treatment for the first time. The main purpose of the study is to establish a safe dose of the drug by gathering information on how well it is tolerated, any potential side effects it may cause and collecting data about how your cancer responds to the drug. The study will also measure the levels of AZD5363 in the blood and the action of AZD5363 in the body over a period of time. It will also indicate whether the drug has an effect on the type of cancer that the subjects have.
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death with a higher mortality rate among African Americans. For patients that have stage I or II non-small cell cancer, surgery is the only curative treatment. In a previous study we conducted, we found that African Americans were less likely to have surgery than other groups. The purpose of this study is to find out what patients understand about their medical condition, what can be done to get the very best lung cancer surgery treatment, and how we can close the treatment gap.
This study will use focus groups, individual interviews and secondary data analysis to gather information to gain better understanding of best source, format and preference for a weight loss intervention and receiving health information that integrate genetics, socio-environmental, and behavioral factors into a promising multi-level community based intervention for obesity and obesity promoting behaviors in African American (AA) women.
This study is for patients that have been diagnosed with platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer.The investigational drug in this study is Farletuzumab. The main purpose of this study is to find out if carboplatin plus paclitaxel or carboplatin plus Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin (PLD), chemotherapies (anticancer drugs) that are used to treat ovarian cancer, work better alone or when given with an farletuzumab.
The estimated total duration of this study will be approximately 46 months (1 month screening, 15 months treatment, and 30 months follow-up). The actual total duration will vary depending on subject response to drug and disease progression
This study if for patients that have a blood disease and it's been determined that the best option for treating that blood disease is a cord blood transplant. Cord blood (CB) is blood that is taken from the umbilical cord and placenta of healthy newborn babies after childbirth. The cord blood collected from a newborn baby is called a cord blood unit. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) considers cord blood to be a biological drug. These are considered ?investigational? products. This study will evaluate the safety of administration of the investigational cord blood units by carefully documenting all infusion-related problems.
This study is for females, ages 25-55, who have tested positive for atypia (early cell changes that are thought to be a marker of breast cancer risk) in the breast, and are considered high risk for the development of breast cancer in the future.
The purpose of this research study is to test whether metformin, a drug commonly used to treat diabetes, is able to get rid of atypia (marker of breast cancer risk) in women at increased risk for breast cancer. This study will test for the presence of atypia in the breast after metformin is given to see if it can get rid of atypia. The study sponsor would like to compare the effects, good and/or bad, of metformin or placebo on atypia to find out which is better. In this study, patients will get either metformin or a placebo (an inactive product) for the first twelve months. After the first twelve months, women who received placebo during the first twelve months can choose to receive metformin for the second year.
Note: The standard drug used for the ?breast cancer prevention? is tamoxifen. If you are eligible to take tamoxifen, you must be offered tamoxifen prevention as part of your clinical care and you must have refused tamoxifen treatment to be on this study. Metformin and tamoxifen are not similar and function differently. This study is not investigating the use of tamoxifen.
While on this research study patients will have the Random Periareolar Fine Needle Aspiration (RPFNA) of their breasts to test for atypia (marker of breast cancer risk), before the study starts, and also at 12 and 24 months (24 month optional for placebo-only group for patients who remain on placebo arm and will not receive metformin) after the study starts. If the pathologist does not identify atypia in the samples you will not be able to participate. You will also provide blood during this study to determine if changes in your blood are related to changes in your breasts. You will need to provide a little less than 4 tablespoons of blood for this research study.
Study participation will last for 48 months (2 years).
The purpose of this study is to compare body fat distribution in neonates exposed to antiretroviral (ARV) therapy for the prevention of maternal to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV versus ARV naive neonates born at a similar gestational age to HIV-negative women. As a secondary analysis, we will examine the differences in body fat distribution among ARV-exposed neonates comparing PI-exposed versus non-PI exposed.
This study will look at abnormal blood circulation changes especially in the arteries supplying blood to the uterus (where the baby develops) using Doppler ultrasound. The research team will perform Doppler ultrasound scans at an early pregnancy scan and during the fetal anatomy scan to understand blood flow changes when subjects are lying on their back versus when they are tilted to their left and also when they bear down for 10 seconds.
The purpose of this study is to test the safety and performance of an experimental device that is intended to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles of women who have stress urinary incontinence. To do so, this study will compare the results of the two devices and see if there are any differences in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence if the electrical stimulation is delivered through electrodes placed on the outside of the body (Neurotech Vital Compact device) or electrical stimulation delivered through an internal vaginal probe (the itouch Sure Pelvic Floor Exerciser). Qualified patients who choose to volunteer in the study will be asked to participate in 5 study-related visits and will be involved in the study for 6 months. Study subjects will spend a total of 127 hours actively participating in study activities throughout a 14-week period. The total amount of time they will be involved in the study will be 6 months. Study subjects will be asked to perform some of the study activities independently at their home.