Improving Healthy Outcomes through Fresh Food Access Save

Date Added
April 18th, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00073034
Researcher
Mark Humphrey
Keywords
Diabetes, Hypertension/ High Blood Pressure, Nutrition, Obesity
Summary

The proposed project recognizes the relationship between food insecurity and social determinants of health. By developing a strong clinic/organization linkage between specific Palmetto Health clinics and FoodShare, we will be able to determine if increasing access to fresh produce through an every other week produce box, participation in cooking classes, and clinician reinforcement improves health outcomes for patients who are identified as food insecure.

Institution
Palmetto
Recruitment Contact
Beverly Wilson
803-665-7800
beverly.wilson@uscmed.sc.edu

Impact of Disparities in Food Security on Glycemic Control and Health Care Utilization Among Youth and Young Adults with Diabetes Save

Date Added
March 19th, 2018
PRO Number
Pro00075894
Researcher
Angela Liese
Keywords
Adolescents, Diabetes, Environmental Factors, Ethnicity and Disease, Nutrition
Summary

Many youth and young adults (YYAs) with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), particularly those of minority race/ethnicity, do not achieve optimal glycemic control and household food insecurity (HFI) may be a key barrier. HFI is the limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods. The SEARCH Food Security (SFS) cohort study is designed as an ancillary study to the ongoing NIH/NIDDK-funded SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth 4 Cohort study. The aims of the SFS study are to (1) Initiate a food insecurity cohort study of 1,187 YYAs aged 15-35 years (53% minority) with T1D and T2D by adding two data collection time points to the ongoing SEARCH 4 study in three of the five SEARCH sites, including South Carolina, Colorado and Washington; (2) Evaluate how HFI influences changes in glycemic control in YYAs with T1D and T2D; (3) Identify the pathways through which food insecurity may act; and (4) Evaluate the influence of HFI on changes in health care utilization and medical and non-medical health care costs in YYAs with T1D and T2D.

Institution
Greenville
Recruitment Contact
Jessica Stucker
803-777-1961
jstucker@mailbox.sc.edu

A Mobile-Support Program to Facilitate Nutritional Caregiving in Head and Neck Cancer Save

Date Added
August 20th, 2017
PRO Number
Pro00066211
Researcher
Katherine Sterba

Silhouette
Keywords
Cancer/Head & Neck, Nutrition
Summary

This research will develop and test a nutrition-focused mobile-support program for head and neck cancer patients and their caregivers at the end of treatment.

Phase I: To guide system development, we will conduct interviews with 15 individuals with head and neck cancer and their caregivers to understand the nutritional challenges faced at the end of treatment. We will also recruit 35 oncology dietitians to complete online surveys to identify key caregiver nutritional support tasks and caregiver demands.
Phase II: After system development, we will recruit 33 head and neck cancer patients and their main supporters to pretest our nutrition support system. Participants will be asked to complete two surveys and a one-time clinic session. The clinic session will include information and resources about symptoms and concerns and after the visit, the program will provide follow-up resources and support online for one month. Lastly, we we will conduct individual/small group interviews with 10 head and neck health care providers to evaluate feasibility and recommendations for future system development.

The information from this study may help us to improve supportive care programs in the future to help others as they complete head and neck cancer treatment.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Megan Scallion
843-876-2438
scallion@musc.edu

Empowering Rural Teens through Photovoice to Influence the Health of their Community Save

Date Added
July 28th, 2017
PRO Number
Pro00067937
Researcher
Michelle Nichols

Silhouette
Keywords
Adolescents, Disease Prevention, Environmental Factors, Ethnicity and Disease, Exercise, Minorities, Non-interventional, Nutrition, Obesity
Summary

This study will recruit adolescents who are enrolled in a Teen Health Careers Program to participate in a community-engaged study. This study will seek to understand the barriers and facilitators to physical activity and nutritious foods throughout their daily lives. Adolescents will use take digital images to capture aspects of their daily lives using photography.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Michelle Nichols
(843) 792-1802
nicholmg@musc.edu

INtervention Study In overweiGHT patients with COPD (INSIGHT COPD) Save

Date Added
March 21st, 2017
PRO Number
Pro00062895
Researcher
Tatsiana Beiko

Silhouette
Keywords
Disease Prevention, Exercise, Lung, Nutrition, Obesity, Pulmonary
Summary

We are conducting the INSIGHT COPD study because symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and high body mass index (BMI) overlap. There are many medications for patients with COPD, but there is little mention of weight loss as a possible treatment in current research. We are trying to find out if a lifestyle program that promotes modest weight loss and increased physical activity will improve COPD symptoms and lead to better exercise tolerance for those with a high BMI. We are also looking at the effects on shortness of breath, quality-of-life, and cardiovascular disease risk factors. The INSIGHT COPD trial is taking place at many sites across the United States including MUSC, and is planning to enroll approximately 1000 people.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Danielle Woodford
(843) 792-6280
woodfordd@musc.edu

Low vitamin D levels and outcomes after total knee and hip arthroplasty Save

Date Added
September 15th, 2016
PRO Number
Pro00053191
Researcher
Harry Demos

Silhouette
Keywords
Aging, Arthritis, Bone, Joint, Nutrition, Surgery, Vitamin D
Summary

Low vitamin d levels are common among patients undergoing orthopedic surgery. However, very little is known about how vitamin d affects outcomes in patients undergoing total joint replacement surgery. Our study will look at how common low vitamin d status is among patients undergoing total hip and total knee replacement surgery. We will also look at how vitamin d levels affect complication rates and hospital readmission rates.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Monica Baczko
843-792-8169
baczko@musc.edu

Ranger Resilience and Improved Performance on Phospholipid bound Omega-3's (RRIPP-3 Study) Save

Date Added
January 26th, 2016
PRO Number
Pro00051532
Researcher
Bernadette Marriott

Silhouette
Keywords
Military, Nutrition
Summary

In this study, we will evaluate the impact of the dietary supplement of krill oil concentrate, which contains the omega-3 HUFAs, on the success of U.S. Army officers training outcomes in Infantry Basic Officer Leadership Course (IBOLC) training Part I) and Ranger training (Part II). We are researching the effects on key performance measures from the two parts of their training, as well as underlying psychological and cognitive functioning that are components of success. The questions addressed by this study are:

1. Will treatment with krill oil concentrate containing the omega-3 HUFAs improve cognitive and psychiatric functioning during U.S. Army Infantry Basic Officer Leadership Course (Part I)?

2. Will treatment with krill oil concentrate containing the omega-3 HUFAs improve the performance of officers during portions of the U.S. Army Infantry Basic Officer Leadership Course (Part I) and Ranger training (Part II)? This phase will combine the cognitive and physiological challenges from which we measure performance outcomes.

3. Do effects of the supplements continue once a person stops taking them? Are there any group differences in functioning observed 2 months after treatment is discontinued (i.e., after Ranger training)?

A small sub-study will address the same questions among older, more experienced Army personnel in Part I only.

Institution
MUSC
Recruitment Contact
Marcie Pregulman
792-2425
pregulma@musc.edu

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