Many youth and young adults (YYAs) with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), particularly those of minority race/ethnicity, do not achieve optimal glycemic control and household food insecurity (HFI) may be a key barrier. HFI is the limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods. The SEARCH Food Security (SFS) cohort study is designed as an ancillary study to the ongoing NIH/NIDDK-funded SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth 4 Cohort study. The aims of the SFS study are to (1) Initiate a food insecurity cohort study of 1,187 YYAs aged 15-35 years (53% minority) with T1D and T2D by adding two data collection time points to the ongoing SEARCH 4 study in three of the five SEARCH sites, including South Carolina, Colorado and Washington; (2) Evaluate how HFI influences changes in glycemic control in YYAs with T1D and T2D; (3) Identify the pathways through which food insecurity may act; and (4) Evaluate the influence of HFI on changes in health care utilization and medical and non-medical health care costs in YYAs with T1D and T2D.
Focus groups or talking circles are formed in community neighborhoods to facilitate input on common patient experiences. Insights on patient perceptions related to physician office visits and after visit self care are obtained in groups of 8-12 participants.
The proposed research will test and evaluate a Spanish-language, heat-related
illness (HRI) prevention, OSHA mobile application (app) intervention (Heat Safety Tool) in South Carolina, with the long-term goal of reducing HRI among migrant and seasonal farmworkers.
This is a study to develop a test for radiation exposure in the event of a nuclear event such as the detonation of a nuclear device or widespread radiation exposure. We will collect blood samples from a variety of different types of human subjects whose current medical status could possibly have an effect on the results of the test, such as trauma, burns, infections or a damaged immune system or young children. The goal is to ensure that these conditions do not affect the results of the test.
Health outcomes resulting from chronic exposures to port activities include increased cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and respiratory disease. The proposed research is significant because it will allow adverse health effects of anticipated air pollutants resulting from increased diesel emissions associated with port activities to be assessed. The research team has developed with community input a health survey from existing, validated survey instruments to self-report health outcomes including cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular and lung diseases.
The purpose of the Alpha-1 Foundation Clinical Resource Center (CRC) Research Registry is to collect and store medical information from individuals with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD or Alpha-1) or individuals that carry a deficient Alpha-1 gene. The Registry will collect medical information on your disease and diagnosis. This information will include family history, lung and liver symptoms, and exposure to cigarette smoke, dusts and fumes.The goal of this project is to obtain and share information that defines the natural history of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency. Biological samples from either blood or tissue may be collected and stored as part of this research. This project will assemble a library of these biological samples, some of which will be saved at MUSC.
Structured life reviews are a series of interviews during which the interviewer asks questions about a person's life experiences from birth to the present. During this study, we will conduct structured life reviews with adults with sickle cell disease. We will ask questions about life transitions and health care utilization.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus; SLE) and Systemic Sclerosis (scleroderma; SSc) are relatively rare rheumatic diseases that disproportionately impact the African American community, and particularly African American women. The causes of lupus and scleroderma are unknown, but thought to include both genetic and environmental factors. We are enrolling lupus and scleroderma patients, and healthy control subjects. This is not a drug study. The purpose of this study is to better understand the factors that predispose people to develop lupus and scleroderma. Information about medical, social and family history, medications, physical exam findings, and laboratory tests will be collected for analysis. This study will involve approximately 1360 volunteers.
This research is being conducted to investigate the association of personal, environmental, and occupational risk factors and ALS. A web-based survey that includes questions about demographics, medical history, family history of neurological disorders, hobbies, military history, smoking, physical activity, residential history, and occupational history, etc. will be completed by ALS patients as well as controls without ALS to compare differences among the two groups.