This study is for patients that have been diagnosed with a pediatric brain tumor called medulloblastoma. The purpose of this study is to find out if a reduced dose of radiation to the whole brain and spine and less chemotherapy can be given to children and young adults with WNT subtype medulloblastoma without increasing the risk of the tumor coming back. Participants can expect to be in this study for about one year, and then followed for up to 10 years.
This study is for patients who have been diagnosed with a neuroblastoma (NBL). The purpose of this study is to find out if we can improve the treatment for subjects with high-risk NBL by adding the experimental drug 131I-MIBG or the experimental drug Crizotinib to recommended therapy. The secondary purpose is to find out if we can reduce the number of stem cell transplants from two to one if we give the experimental drug 131I-MIBG during Induction, and use different drugs as part of the transplant chemotherapy given prior to stem cell infusion during Consolidation. Participants can expect to be in this study for up to 2 years. Researchers would like to continue to follow participants health for up to 10 years.
This study is for patients that have been diagnosed with Germ Cell Tumors. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether a strategy of complete surgical resection followed by surveillance can maintain an overall survival rate of at least 95.7% at two years for pediatric, adolescent and adult patients (ages 0- 50 years) with Stage I (low risk) malignant germ cell tumors, and at least 98% for patients with ovarian pure immature teratoma. The drugs used in this study are carboplatin and cisplatin. Participants will be followed for up to 10 years.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate causes and risk factors for liver disease in those whom have 1) undergone the Fontan procedure or 2) whom have dilated cardiomyopathy.
Participants in this study will have a blood sample collected, undergo cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), a liver magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), shear wave ultrasound elastography (SWE), echocardiography, liver Doppler ultrasound, and an exercise stress test. Participants medical records will be reviewed to collect information on previous medical procedures. Participation is complete once all imaging studies and blood sample have been collected.
This is not a treatment study; if one chooses not to participate, s/he will continue to undergo regularly scheduled clinical procedures.
This study is for patients who have been diagnosed with a form of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) called Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph+) ALL. The purpose of this study is to compare disease free survival (DFS) of Standard Risk (SR) pediatric Ph+ ALL treated with continuous imatinib combined with either a high-risk COG ALL chemotherapy backbone or the more intensive EsPhALL chemotherapy backbone. A drug called imatinib in combination with chemotherapy will be given. Participants can expect to be in this study for up to 2 years and their health followed for up to 10 years.
Candidates for this study may or may not report disturbances in odor perception as their primary reason for seeking treatment at MUSC. This study is designed to collect long term, observational data from patients who are being treated with routine clinical care in health clinics at MUSC. Data from clinical questionnaires will be de-identified and stored in a database.
Many youth and young adults (YYAs) with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), particularly those of minority race/ethnicity, do not achieve optimal glycemic control and household food insecurity (HFI) may be a key barrier. HFI is the limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods. The SEARCH Food Security (SFS) cohort study is designed as an ancillary study to the ongoing NIH/NIDDK-funded SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth 4 Cohort study. The aims of the SFS study are to (1) Initiate a food insecurity cohort study of 1,187 YYAs aged 15-35 years (53% minority) with T1D and T2D by adding two data collection time points to the ongoing SEARCH 4 study in three of the five SEARCH sites, including South Carolina, Colorado and Washington; (2) Evaluate how HFI influences changes in glycemic control in YYAs with T1D and T2D; (3) Identify the pathways through which food insecurity may act; and (4) Evaluate the influence of HFI on changes in health care utilization and medical and non-medical health care costs in YYAs with T1D and T2D.
The purpose of this study is to determine if giving the medicine "heparin" intravenously (through the veins) continuously for up to 14 days to subjects after a brain aneurysm has burst will help improve the chances of subjects having a good recovery after the bleed compared to subjects who get routine brain aneurysm care (standard of care). Patients who get routine care would also get heparin, but they would typically get an overall lower dose and the heparin would be injected under the skin (heparin shot) instead of in the veins.
This study is for patients that have been diagnosed with Central Nervous System (CNS) Tumors. The investigational drugs in this study are Nivolumab and Ipilimumab. The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of Nivolumab when given alone or when combined with Ipilimumab. The duration of patient participation may be more than 3 years. If enrolled in treatment, the exact length of time will depend on the patients response to treatment.
Asthma has high morbidity and mortality among adolescents and among youth from rural communities, both of whom are seldom included in asthma intervention research. This study will test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of high school-based intervention delivered by Community Health Workers (CHWs) to rural adolescents with uncontrolled asthma, and will examine factors associated with delivery of the intervention.