The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential effectiveness, outcomes, and safety (before, during, and after study procedures) of the Inter Atrial Shunt Device (IASD) in the treatment of subjects with heart failure symptoms and relatively normal pumping of the heart. This study involves the use of an investigational medical device called the Corvia Atrial Shunt (CAS) System. The CAS is permanently implanted in the heart to reduce the increased pressure in the left side of the heart by creating a small opening between the two upper chambers of the heart. Participants will have a 50% chance of being in either group A having the CAS placed or group B and not receiving the device. Subjects will have 7 research clinic visits, and multiple telephone calls for a total of 5 years of follow-up. The research clinic visits will include medical exams, health questionnaires, ECG and echocardiogram of the heart and 6 minute hall walk tests.
Subjects meet inclusion for this study based on obesity (a high body mass index (BMI), which means too much weight for an individual's height), and they have Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF). This is a condition where the lower left chamber (left ventricle) of the heart is not able to fill properly with blood during the filling phase and the amount of blood pumped out to the body is below normal.
This study will help to find the best dose of HU6 for treating HFpEF, will help to see its impact on weight reduction, and will help to see its effect on subjects' ability to exercise and on how well they feel.
The study is a placebo-controlled double-blind study that will last approximately 28 weeks. There will be 8 clinic visits (approx. 6-8 hours), and 7 phone visits (approx. 20 minutes). The study drug will be capsules taken orally in the morning before eating.
Possible risks are loose bowel movements/diarrhea which was most prominent within the first 2-3 three weeks of dosing and seemed to improve with time and flushing, especially when alcohol is consumed.
REHAB-HFpEF is a multicenter, randomized, attention-controlled, single-blind trial to examine the hypothesis that, a novel, tailored, progressive, multi-domain physical rehabilitation intervention administered to older patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) beginning early during hospitalization and continuing for 12 weeks in a structured outpatient setting, and continuing as a maintenance program will reduce the rate of combined all-cause rehospitalization and death at 6 months (the primary outcome), and reduce major mobility disability (MMD) prevalence at 6 months (the secondary outcome). This trial, REHAB-HFpEF, builds upon preliminary studies, including the phase 2 REHAB-HF trial, which suggests this intervention may yield significant benefits for this population which are largely older, frail, and with few evidence-based treatment options.
The study will recruit a total of 880 consenting patients >=60 years old hospitalized with ADHF with HFpEF. Following informed consent and baseline testing, the participants will be randomized in a 1:1 fashion to receive a novel, progressive, multi-domain rehabilitation and exercise training intervention or attention control. The intervention will include strength, balance, endurance, and mobility training and the specific training exercises will be tailored based on participant performance in each of these domains. The intervention will begin as soon as possible after randomization during the hospitalization and will continue 3 times per week in an outpatient setting for 12 weeks. Those randomized to the attention control will be contacted bi-weekly by study staff to maintain contact, collect information regarding health status, clinical events, and physical activity/exercise, and ensure retention; they do not receive any specific exercise recommendations. Both arms will receive all services ordered by their primary physician (usual care) and undergo measures of physical function, cognitive function, and quality of life (QOL).
This study will include volunteers diagnosed with a form of heart failure that is characterized by a weakened heart muscle that appears to be pumping in a normal manner. This condition is called "heart failure with preserved ejection fraction" or HFpEF. For these individuals, it has been determined that the health problems and symptoms experienced may be due to a significant increase in the pressure of one of the chambers of the heart. This pressure build-up causes a variety of symptoms, including tiredness, difficulty breathing, and reduced ability to exercise/walk.
This study is to help evaluate a new device (the "Axon System") designed to reduce the build-up of pressure described above. The Axon system is a catheter used to ablate or destroy the splanchnic nerve on one side of the body. The Sponsor believes by destroying this nerve there may be some reduction in the symptoms caused by HFpEF. The procedure using the Axon System will be performed in the catheterization lab and does not involve surgery. Participants will stay overnight in the hospital following the procedure for observation.
The length of subject participation in the study will be approximately 12 -14 months and includes 7 office visits, 2 phone calls and 3 procedures. Participants in this research study will be randomized to either the treatment group or the control group and have a 50:50 chance of receiving the research treatment with the Axon System at the time of randomization.
This study will help us learn more about how safe and effective the Axon System is in treating the symptoms of patients with HFpEF.
Volunteers are being asked to participate in a clinical research study to find out if the drug mavacamten is safe and effective in treating elevated biomarker levels that occur in patients who have Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF). HFpEF is a syndrome that leads to stiffening in the left bottom chamber of the heart. This stiffening makes it difficult for the chamber to relax enough to fill up with blood, leading to increased pressure inside of the heart. MyoKardia is doing this research to find out if the new medication called mavacamten will work and be safe for the treatment of heart failure patients with the elevated levels the biomarkers NT-proBNP (a marker of wall stress inside the heart) and/or cardiac troponin (a marker of heart muscle injury). Biomarkers are biological molecules found in bodily fluids that can indicate abnormal conditions within the body. The study is planned to go on for about 2 years and include 35 patients from about 30 different study sites.