COVID-19 Pneumonia is a viral pneumonia caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
Umbilical cord derived mesencymal stromal cells (MSCs) are a form of stem cell (special human cells that are able to develop into many different cells types) that is derived from the placenta of a mother who has had a Caeserian Section. These cells are believed to suppress the body's immune response to the virus by changing the circulating inflammatory cells in the bloodstream. Hospitalized individuals who are within 7 days of the onset of a viral pneumonia illness will be given 2 doses of MSCs at days 1 and 3 after consent. These MSC cells will be administered into a vein in your arm through an intravenous line and safety will be tested. How much oxygen a patient needs will be recorded over 90 days.
The purpose of this study is to create a de-identified, public use,
repository of data of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
patients with by Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD), a rare genetic
condition that can cause COPD and emphysema.
A main focus of the study is to identify characteristics that can be changed such as smoking, vaping and diet, environmental exposures (e.g. pollution such as car exhaust, allergies such as pet dander) that affect lung function and risk of future lung disease. We also are looking for biomarkers (e.g. measurements of specific substances in nose, blood, and urine samples) and genetic markers that can provide us with information about lung health. The findings in this study are considered research and are not the same as "genetic testing."
This study is designed to evaluate a new therapy formulation for Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD). AATD is an inherited condition in which a person has low blood levels of a protein known as alpha-1 protease inhibitor (called Alpha1-PI). AATD causes an increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the form of emphysema (long term lung disease) and, less frequently, other diseases.
This study is being conducted to evaluate the safety and tolerability of 2 different doses of Alpha-1 drugs (Alpha-1 15% and Liquid Alpha1-PI) in participants with AATD. Participants will be placed into one of two groups. Each group will receive both drugs at different points in the treatment period and because this is an "open label", study participants and the study staff know which dose of study drug participants receive. The study will last up to 486 days (16 months). Many visits are able to be conducted through home health care, lessening the need to come into the clinic.
Alpha-1 15% is an investigational product, meaning it is not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The other drug in this study is Liquid Alpha1-PI (licensed as Prolastin®-C Liquid) and is an FDA approved treatment for adults with emphysema due to AATD. However, it is only approved for the recommended dose of 60 mg/kg. This study includes both the FDA approved 60mg/kg of Liquid Alpha1-PI and an experimental dose of 120 mg/kg that is not FDA approved. Alpha-1 15% is given as an injection under the skin and Liquid Alpha1-PI is given as an infusion into the veins.
You may or may not directly benefit from participation. However, you may help advance scientific knowledge in the treatment of AATD. Currently, the only FDA approved treatment for AATD is IV infusions of Liquid Alpha1-PI. Since the drug being studied, Alpha-1 15%, is injected with a small needle under your skin, there may be a benefit to future patients by providing flexibility of treatment route options as well as stability in serum alpha1-antitrypsin levels.
This research study will be evaluating whether liquid nitrogen sprayed on the cells lining the airways (cryotherapy) can reduce the mucus produced in the lungs of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The study involves bronchoscopies, (placement of a lighted, flexible scope into the lungs) under general anesthesia to deliver the treatment to the lungs. The study is randomized such that 2/3 of individuals get the cryotherapy and the other 1/3 get a sham (control) treatment with no cryotherapy. Participants in the sham control group will be evaluated for eligible for cryotherapy at end of year one. The Study duration is 36 months. Those initially randomized to the treatment group, they will have 7 clinic visits and 2 treatment visits. Participants randomized to sham group will have 11 clinic visits and 4 treatment visits.
The primary purpose of this study is to see if the Targeted Lung Denervation (TLD) therapy (Active Treatment) is more effective than a sham procedure (Sham Control/no TLD therapy) at decreasing moderate or severe exacerbations in patients with COPD on optimal medical care. In addition, the study seeks to compare long-term safety, and other efficacy assessments, between the Active Treatment arm and the Sham Control arm.
TLD Therapy is done by passing a bronchoscope, with a special device (catheter) inserted through it, into the lungs. This special catheter delivers a type of electrical energy called radio frequency (or RF) energy to the nerves located on the outside of the airways. As with many bronchoscopic procedures, this is done while under anesthesia.
Participants will be randomly assigned (like flipping a coin) to receive one of two different treatments, either TLD Therapy in addition to optimal medical care (Active Treatment) or optimal medical care only (Sham Control). No matter which treatment you receive, you will undergo the same type of procedure, testing and follow-up while remaining on optimal medical care for COPD. You will have an equal chance of being assigned to either Active Treatment or the Sham Control group (1:1 randomization). Neither you or your study doctor will know which treatment you have received until after your 12-month follow-up visit. After the 12-month visit you will find out whether you received the active or sham procedure. If you received the sham procedure you have the option of crossing over into the treatment group and receiving TLD therapy.
Participation in the study will last for approximately 62 months. Depending on which group you are randomized to and if you decide to crossover to the treatment group, there will be 1-2 visits for TLD Therapy or sham control (non-active) procedure, 9-12 in-person clinic visits, and 13-23 phone visits.
Alpha-1 antitrypsin (Alpha-1, AAT) deficiency is an inherited disease which results from a defect in the alpha-1 gene. Severe AAT deficiency causes emphysema predominant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study is designed to test the effectiveness of an drug (Alvelestat) on lung damage caused by Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency. This is blinded study and there is a 50% chance of receiving a placebo.
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare lung disease that is caused by genetic mutations. It results in the uncontrolled growth and proliferation of an atypical smooth muscle cells in the lung. These cells invade airways, blood vessels, and lymph vessels, and limit the flow of air, blood, and lymph, respectively. The source of the cells is unknown, but available evidence indicates they arise from an extrapulmonary source. Their aberrant behavior is due to mutations in tuberous sclerosis genes that results in mTOR activation. Respiratory failure, lung collapse (pneumothorax), and pleural effusions (chylothorax) are hallmarks of the disease. This study will evaluate the safety and durability of the mTOR inhibitors sirolimus and everolimus, which are FDA approved medications for prevention of rejection of transplanted organs, in stabilizing or improving lung function in people in LAM.
The purpose of the MUSC Pulmonary Biorepository is to collect and store samples linked to medical and other information from individuals with pulmonary disease as well as healthy controls.
In combination with the clinical data and other approved research studies (that may recruit for and/or utilize samples of the biorepository) this sample repository will provide for uniform, longitudinal, complete and accurate data that can be organized and clinically correlated at the time of sample donation, with longitudinal testing possible as part of future study. Samples will be linked to each participant's unique ID, though will be deidentified and coded for use in future research and subsequent publications with pulmonary disease and control patients.