Islet transplantation is a clinical procedure to treat patients with chronic pancreatitis after removal of their pancreases. Islet survival is influenced by several factors, including but not limited to triggering an inflammatory response. The loss of islet cells during transplantation can cause surgical diabetes, in which the patient will need insulin injections to regulate their blood sugar. The goal of this study is to test whether co-transplantation of the patient's stem cells, called mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), along with their islet cells, will protect transplanted islet cells from death, therefore reducing the patient's chances of getting surgical diabetes. MSCs can modulate immune cells and are a promising resource for cell-based therapy.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of an FDA approved drug called pancrelipase on fat absorption in your body. Pancrelipase is an FDA approved drug that can be used to treat exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, which is a condition where the pancreas organ in the small intestine does not deliver enough digestive enzymes to breakdown food you eat.
Chronic pancreatitis is a scarring condition of the pancreas that often results in debilitating pain. When pancreatic duct drainage appears to be impaired by the presence of a blocking stone or scar tissue, pancreatic endotherapy (procedures performed through the mouth using a lighted tube with special instruments to enter the pancreatic duct) is often offered in clinical practice. The rationale for this study is that while pancreatic endotherapy is logical, there are limited studies to suggest it helps patients with their pain. Furthermore, these procedures are costly and have potential risks. This is a preliminary study to perform the first sham (like a placebo) study of pancreatic endotherapy in patients with chronic pancreatitis and evidence of impaired pancreatic duct drainage by radiology scans.
The objectives of this study are to: 1) determine the feasibility of a sham-controlled pancreatic endotherapy trial, and 2) optimize enrollment criteria and outcome measures for a subsequent, definitive study.
The purpose of this study is to determine if a procedure called Endoscopic Retrograde CholangioPancreatography (ERCP) with sphincterotomy reduces the risk of pancreatitis or the number of recurrent pancreatitis episodes in patients with pancreas divisum. ERCP with sphincterotomy is a procedure where doctors used a combination of x-rays and an endoscope (a long flexible lighted tube) to find the opening of the duct where fluid drains out of the pancreas. People who have been diagnosed with pancreas divisum, have had at least two episodes of pancreatitis, and are candidates for the ERCP with sphincterotomy procedure may be eligible to participate. Participants will be will be randomly assigned to either have the ERCP with sphincterotomy procedure, or to have a "sham" procedure, meaning that you will be treated as if you are having the ERCP with sphincterotomy procedure but the procedure will not really be performed. Participants will have follow up visits 30 days after the procedure, 6 months after the procedure, and continuing every 6 months until the study ends.
The purpose of this research study is to learn more about the outcomes of total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation (TPIAT). Total pancreatectomy is the removal of the pancreas and islet autotransplantation is the placement of the insulin producing cells back into you to prevent diabetes. This study is looking to enroll patients who are scheduled to have a TPIAT surgery to treat pancreatitis (inflammation and scarring of the pancreas).
In addition to the routine care for pancreatitis and TPIAT surgery, participation in this study will involve completion of some brief surveys about the subject's health before TPIAT, at 6 months after TPIAT, and each year after the TPIAT surgery for 4 years, as well as a lab test conducted at each of the follow-up visits.