This research study aims to determine a less invasive way to assess heart function by taking measurements of the heart while subjects are performing an exercise cardiac MRI. Subjects will undergo two exercise phases and MRI measurements will be taken after each exercise phase. These measurements will be compared to available clinical data (including demographic, hemodynamic, radiologic, and functional) and future outcome data.
The primary purpose of conducting this study is to see if TLD (Targeted Lung Denervation) Therapy in addition to standard optimal medical care is better at reducing a moderate or severe exacerbation (also known as a COPD flare-ups or worsening of symptoms) and related hospitalizations than optimal medical care alone. TLD Therapy is done by passing a bronchoscope, with a special device (catheter) inserted through it, into the lungs. This special catheter delivers a type of electrical energy called radiofrequency (or RF) energy to the nerves located on the outside of the airways. As with many bronchoscopic procedures, this is done while under anesthesia. TLD Therapy does cause a permanent change to a person's lungs. To test this, participating patients will be randomly assigned (in a 1:1 ratio) to receive one of two different treatments, either TLD Therapy in addition to optimal medical care or optimal medical care alone.
Some sites, including MUSC, will also be collecting 3 airway brushes to look at inflammatory biomarkers in the lungs. A biomarker is anything that can be used as an indicator of a particular disease state.
If you choose to participate in this study, it is estimated that you will be involved in this study for approximately 62 months. Participation will take around 11 clinical site visits and 9 follow up phones calls over a period of 5 years. The participant and person obtaining consent will sign the informed consent form and the participant will receive a copy before any study procedures occure.
This study will assess how 18 months of oral mycophenolate will compare to 18 months of mycophenolate plus pirfenidone, in the treatment of Systemic Sclerosis related Interstitial Lung Disease. Tolerability and toxicity will also be assessed, during this study.
This research is designed to test whether combining pirfenidone and mycophenolate will result in a more rapid and possibly greater improvement in lung function than occurs when mycophenolate is used alone. While both of these drugs have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat other medical conditions, neither drug has been FDA-approved for the treatment of scleroderma related lung disease. This research is being funded by the drug company, Genentech.
30 adults, aged 40 and older with mild to moderate COPD, will be recruited for this study. Participants must be willing to continually wear a FitBit activity monitor, have access to a smartphone or Wi-Fi/Data-enabled iPad, and be willing to complete respiratory muscle strength training exercises as well as reports on their smartphone at least 5 times per week for a 6-week period. Participants will be given a bluetooth inhaler device and a training app (RESP-FIT). This application will collect inhaler data and allows patients to self-report their daily symptoms. The goal of this study is to test whether use of the personalized inhaler device with the app strengthens lung function, promotes physical activity, and improves disease symptom self-management in persons with COPD.
When a chest tube is placed, it can be hard for the fluid to drain. Tissue plasminogen activator and DNase are given through the chest tube to help with draining the fluid. We are doing this research to see if early addition of tPA-DNase will help with better fluid draining.
Individuals with a confirmed diagnosis of alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency and emphysema will be invited to participate in this study. This study will determine the safety and effectiveness of Inhaled Hyaluronic Acid solution as a possible treatment of emphysema in AATD patients. A participant in this study will be asked to inhale the study medication or a placebo delivered by a nebulizer twice a day for 28 days. Neither the study investigators nor the participant will know if they are receiving active drug or placebo. Safety and side effects of all therapies will be monitored.
The purpose of this research study is to determine ability to recruit lung cancer patients who have completed cancer treatment to a study of a device that may decrease anxiety. Researchers then will determine how many will complete the sessions using the study device as well as all study questionnaires. They will also compare effects of device-guided breathing on anxiety and shortness of breath in lung cancer patients.
Individuals with alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency (AAT blood level lower than 11 micro-moles) and emphysema will be invited to participate in this study. This study will determine the impact of IV Alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor (Alpha-1 MP) on the progression of emphysema in patients with AAT deficiency. A participant in this study would receive either GLASSIA dosed at 60mg/kg with a high particle load or GLASSIA dosed at 60mg/kg with a low particle load. Neither the study investigators nor the participants will know which batch of drug is actual given to the participant. Participants will have the IV therapies given to them weekly for 25 weeks, with some infusions given at MUSC and some at home. Safety and side effects of all therapies will be monitored.
The purpose of the Alpha-1 Foundation Clinical Resource Center (CRC) Research Registry is to collect and store medical information from individuals with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD or Alpha-1) or individuals that carry a deficient Alpha-1 gene. The Registry will collect medical information on your disease and diagnosis. This information will include family history, lung and liver symptoms, and exposure to cigarette smoke, dusts and fumes.The goal of this project is to obtain and share information that defines the natural history of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency. Biological samples from either blood or tissue may be collected and stored as part of this research. This project will assemble a library of these biological samples, some of which will be saved at MUSC.
Individuals with alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency (AAT blood level lower than 11 micro-moles) and emphysema will be invited to participate in this study. This study will determine the impact of IV Alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor (Alpha-1 MP) on the progression of emphysema in patients with AAT deficiency. A participant in this study would receive any one of the following three therapies: 1) Alpha-1 MP dosed at 60mg/Kg, 2) Alpha-1 MP dosed at 120mg/Kg, or 3) Placebo. Once a subject is enrolled into this study, he/she will be randomly selected to receive only one of the above three therapies. Neither the study investigators nor the participants will know the actual therapy being given to the participants. All the study participants will receive serial chest CT scans to determine if their emphysema progresses over the following 3 years. Participants will have the IV therapies given to them weekly, with some infusions given at MUSC and some at home. Safety and side effects of all therapies will be monitored.