This research study aims to determine a less invasive way to assess heart function by taking measurements of the heart while subjects are performing an exercise cardiac MRI. Subjects will undergo two exercise phases and MRI measurements will be taken after each exercise phase. These measurements will be compared to available clinical data (including demographic, hemodynamic, radiologic, and functional) and future outcome data.
The primary purpose of conducting this study is to see if TLD (Targeted Lung Denervation) Therapy in addition to standard optimal medical care is better at reducing a moderate or severe exacerbation (also known as a COPD flare-ups or worsening of symptoms) and related hospitalizations than optimal medical care alone. TLD Therapy is done by passing a bronchoscope, with a special device (catheter) inserted through it, into the lungs. This special catheter delivers a type of electrical energy called radiofrequency (or RF) energy to the nerves located on the outside of the airways. As with many bronchoscopic procedures, this is done while under anesthesia. TLD Therapy does cause a permanent change to a person's lungs. To test this, participating patients will be randomly assigned (in a 1:1 ratio) to receive one of two different treatments, either TLD Therapy in addition to optimal medical care or optimal medical care alone.
Some sites, including MUSC, will also be collecting 3 airway brushes to look at inflammatory biomarkers in the lungs. A biomarker is anything that can be used as an indicator of a particular disease state.
If you choose to participate in this study, it is estimated that you will be involved in this study for approximately 62 months. Participation will take around 11 clinical site visits and 9 follow up phones calls over a period of 5 years. The participant and person obtaining consent will sign the informed consent form and the participant will receive a copy before any study procedures occure.
The RELIANCE study is comparing two drugs, Roflumilast and Azithromycin, to treat COPD. Participants will be randomized to either take either Roflumilast or Azithromycin during the course of the study. Participation will last up to 3 years depending on when participants join. People who enroll at the beginning of the study will participate for approximately 3 years and people who enroll later in the study will be enrolled for a shorter amount of time. The study team will follow all participants for a minimum of 6 months.
There will be one in person visit at the beginning of the study where participants will be randomized to either take Roflumilast or Azithromycin. The remainder of the study will involve one follow-up phone call at 1 week and follow up phone calls every 3 months. The 3 month follow up phone calls will determine if there have been any hospitalizations, if the study participant is still taking their prescribed study medication and determine if contact information is still correct. The 3 month follow up questions can also be completed via an online patient portal if the patient prefers this method over receiving phone calls.
This study will assess how 18 months of oral mycophenolate will compare to 18 months of mycophenolate plus pirfenidone, in the treatment of Systemic Sclerosis related Interstitial Lung Disease. Tolerability and toxicity will also be assessed, during this study.
This research is designed to test whether combining pirfenidone and mycophenolate will result in a more rapid and possibly greater improvement in lung function than occurs when mycophenolate is used alone. While both of these drugs have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat other medical conditions, neither drug has been FDA-approved for the treatment of scleroderma related lung disease. This research is being funded by the drug company, Genentech.
When a chest tube is placed, it can be hard for the fluid to drain. Tissue plasminogen activator and DNase are given through the chest tube to help with draining the fluid. We are doing this research to see if early addition of tPA-DNase will help with better fluid draining.
Individuals with a confirmed diagnosis of alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency and emphysema will be invited to participate in this study. This study will determine the safety and effectiveness of Inhaled Hyaluronic Acid solution as a possible treatment of emphysema in AATD patients. A participant in this study will be asked to inhale the study medication or a placebo delivered by a nebulizer twice a day for 28 days. Neither the study investigators nor the participant will know if they are receiving active drug or placebo. Safety and side effects of all therapies will be monitored.
Individuals with alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency (AAT blood level lower than 11 micro-moles) and emphysema will be invited to participate in this study. This study will determine the impact of IV Alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor (Alpha-1 MP) on the progression of emphysema in patients with AAT deficiency. A participant in this study would receive either GLASSIA dosed at 60mg/kg with a high particle load or GLASSIA dosed at 60mg/kg with a low particle load. Neither the study investigators nor the participants will know which batch of drug is actual given to the participant. Participants will have the IV therapies given to them weekly for 25 weeks, with some infusions given at MUSC and some at home. Safety and side effects of all therapies will be monitored.
Individuals with alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency (AAT blood level lower than 11 micro-moles) and emphysema will be invited to participate in this study. This study will determine the impact of IV Alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor (Alpha-1 MP) on the progression of emphysema in patients with AAT deficiency. A participant in this study would receive any one of the following three therapies: 1) Alpha-1 MP dosed at 60mg/Kg, 2) Alpha-1 MP dosed at 120mg/Kg, or 3) Placebo. Once a subject is enrolled into this study, he/she will be randomly selected to receive only one of the above three therapies. Neither the study investigators nor the participants will know the actual therapy being given to the participants. All the study participants will receive serial chest CT scans to determine if their emphysema progresses over the following 3 years. Participants will have the IV therapies given to them weekly, with some infusions given at MUSC and some at home. Safety and side effects of all therapies will be monitored.
Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1) is a hereditary condition that is passed on from parents to their children through genes. This condition may result in serious lung disease in adults and/or liver disease in infants, children and adults.
Alpha-1 occurs when there is a severe lack of a protein in the blood called alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) that is mainly produced by the liver. The main function of AAT is to protect the lungs from inflammation caused by infection and inhaled irritants such as tobacco smoke.
The low level of AAT in the blood occurs because the AAT is abnormal and cannot be released from the liver at the normal rate. This leads to a build up of abnormal AAT in the liver that can cause liver disease. Finding out the test results early may affect the onset and progression of the disease.
The Alpha-1 Coded Testing (ACT) Study offers free and confidential finger stick testing for Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency. The test can be completed at home and results are mailed to the participant's home. This test is available through a research study, the Alpha-1 Coded Testing (ACT) Study. The Study investigates people's thoughts and feelings about the risks and benefits associated with learning genetic information. Anyone over age 18 can request to be tested. Participants or the participant's guardian must sign a consent form, fill in a questionnaire, and allow for recontact in the future. Full details are available in the consent form.