This study is for pediatric patients who have been diagnosed with Brain Tumors. The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of a home-based, computerized cognitive training program for patients with pediatric brain tumors who are undergoing cranial radiation therapy (CRT). Participants can expect to receive treatment on this study for about 5 to 9 weeks. Participants will complete additional testing sessions about 6 months after completing the cognitive training program.
This study is for patients who have been diagnosed with a neuroblastoma (NBL). The purpose of this study is to find out if we can improve the treatment for subjects with high-risk NBL by adding the experimental drug 131I-MIBG or the experimental drug Crizotinib to recommended therapy. The secondary purpose is to find out if we can reduce the number of stem cell transplants from two to one if we give the experimental drug 131I-MIBG during Induction, and use different drugs as part of the transplant chemotherapy given prior to stem cell infusion during Consolidation. Participants can expect to be in this study for up to 2 years. Researchers would like to continue to follow participants health for up to 10 years.
This study is for patients who have been diagnosed with high-risk neuroblastoma. The purpose of this study is to learn if the treatment you received for your high-risk neuroblastoma has affected your health overtime. Participants can expect to be in this study for up to 12 weeks.
To test the efficacy, safety and neurocognitive outcomes of advanced NSCLC patients, following stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for 1 inoperable brain metastasis or 2-10 brain metastases, treated with NovoTTF-100M and supportive treatment compared to supportive treatment alone.
Participants will be randomized to the Supportive Care Group and will receive radiosurgery followed by supportive care, or to the NovoTTF-110M group who will receive radiosurgery then begin using the study device with supportive care. The device is to be worn at least 18 hours every day. There is a provision for those randomized to the supportive care arm to crossover to the study device after tumor has recurred twice. All participants will be seen every 8 weeks in the clinic until they progress a second time. Once study treatment is terminated, they will return to the clinic 8 weeks following the last visit, then be contacted once per month by telephone.
Subjects are being asked to volunteer for a research study because they have their first anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) tumor progression (worsening) or recurrence.
The purpose of this study is to measure how well and how safe eflornithine is in combination with lomustine, compared to lomustine taken alone, in treating patients whose anaplastic astrocytoma has come back after radiation and chemotherapy. Eflornithine is an experimental drug that the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved it for use by the general public. Lomustine has been approved by the FDA in the United States for this patient population.
The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of adding lapatinib to standard whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT). The study will try to find out whether WBRT or lapatinib plus WBRT is better at safely improving tumor control. In this study, subjects will receive either lapatinib plus WBRT or WBRT alone.
This study is for patients with a low grade glioma (a slow growing tumor in the brain). The purpose of this study is to compare the effects, good and/or bad, of adding the chemotherapy pill temozolomide to radiation. Temozolomide is an experimental drug for low-grade gliomas. Patients will be randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups. One group will receive radiation alone, while the other group receives Temozolomide chemotherapy in addition to the radiation. Patients will receive radiation for 5.5 weeks; patients may also take temozolomide during the 5.5 weeks of radiation and for up to one year thereafter. Follow-up exams will occur every 3 months for 15 years.
The study is being done to test how well nifurtimox works against neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma in children. Early observation and testing suggest that nifurtimox has effect against these types of cancer. Nifurtimox is well tolerated by children and doesn't seem to have long term side effects when used to treat Chagas' disease. The goal of the study is to learn if nifurtimox in combination with other chemotherapy drugs is effective in shrinking/killing neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma cells.