Glioblastoma adaptive, global, innovative learning environment or GBM AGILE trial is to identify effective therapies and improve survival for a type of brian cancer called glioblastoma (GBM) and to match effective therapies with adult patients with newly diagnosed or recurring glioblastoma. Eligible participants will have a 50/50 chance of taking either standard therapy medications or a medication not yet approved by the FDA called regorafenib during their standard of care treatment for GBM.
Subjects are being asked to volunteer for a research study because they have their first anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) tumor progression (worsening) or recurrence.
The purpose of this study is to measure how well and how safe eflornithine is in combination with lomustine, compared to lomustine taken alone, in treating patients whose anaplastic astrocytoma has come back after radiation and chemotherapy. Eflornithine is an experimental drug that the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved it for use by the general public. Lomustine has been approved by the FDA in the United States for this patient population.