This study is for patients that have been diagnosed with Central Nervous System (CNS) Tumors. The investigational drugs in this study are Nivolumab and Ipilimumab. The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of Nivolumab when given alone or when combined with Ipilimumab. The duration of patient participation may be more than 3 years. If enrolled in treatment, the exact length of time will depend on the patients response to treatment.
The purpose of conducting this observational research study is to gain a better understanding of the impact of GBM on patients and their caregivers at specific time points during treatment. In addition, this study will also examine the approaches currently employed to treat GBM at cancer centers, and how those approaches vary across the course of the disease. As a caregiver of a patient with GBM, participation in this study will provide insights into caregiver quality of life and burden, and how it is affected by GBM.
Patients diagnosed with glioblastoma multiforme, the most severe brain tumor,
will undergo standard treatment. This treatment is (a) surgery to remove as much of the tumor as possible and (b) radiation/chemotherapy. This study will collect some of the tumor when the surgical procedure is performed. The tumor tissue will then be processed and developed into a patient specific cancer vaccine. This will take about seven weeks. The patient will then receive their patient-specific vaccine for a total of 10 doses over a period of 16 weeks. Hopefully, the vaccine will prevent any resultant GBM tumor cells from recurring, thus extending survival rates.
Subjects are being asked to volunteer for a research study because they have their first anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) tumor progression (worsening) or recurrence.
The purpose of this study is to measure how well and how safe eflornithine is in combination with lomustine, compared to lomustine taken alone, in treating patients whose anaplastic astrocytoma has come back after radiation and chemotherapy. Eflornithine is an experimental drug that the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved it for use by the general public. Lomustine has been approved by the FDA in the United States for this patient population.
The purpose of this study is to determine a safe and effective dose of a new contrast agent, P03277, developed by Guerbet and not yet approved by the FDA. It will be compared to another contrast agent, MultiHance®, which is approved by the FDA, to assess the the dose that will allow the best contrast of images and its if this dose is well tolerated by subjects. Subjects must be scheduled to undergo a routine MRI of their brain or spine with injection of a contrast agent. They must have at least one lesion of a minimum of 5 mm identified on a previous scan. The study will include a maximum of 5 study visits, the minimum time of participation is 4 days and the maximum is 22 days.
You are invited to volunteer for a research study because you previously consented to participate in a companion study BMS 498, but did not meet eligibility criteria for MGMT status; therefore, you are newly diagnosed with glioblastoma and the tumor has a specific profile that is referred to as MGMT methylated.
This study will test the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of an investigational drug called nivolumab (also known as BMS-936558). Nivolumab is an antibody (a type of human protein) that is being tested to see if it will allow your body's immune system to work against tumor cells.You will also receive standard radiation therapy in unison with temozolomide and the study drug treatment, nivolumab or placebo.
The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness (how well the drug works), safety, and tolerability of an investigational drug called nivolumab (also known as BMS-936558). Nivolumab is an antibody (a type of human protein) that is being tested to see if it will allow the body's immune system to work against tumor cells. The effectiveness of nivolumab in glioblastoma (GBM or brain cancer) will be determined by comparing the survival of subjects who receive the investigational drug nivolumab combined with radiotherapy to those who receive temozolomide with radiotherapy, an accepted therapy for newly diagnosed GBM.
If you agree to be in this study, a biopsy of your tumor will tested for a specific gene. If you have that gene, you will be eligible to participate in the study. In addition to taking either nivolumab or temozolomide in combination with radiotherapy you will be asked to complete other study procedures. Those study procedures may include physical exams, medical history, blood draws, MRI scans, questionnaires.
The purpose of this study is to determine if the investigational products, Toca 511 and Toca FC, as a combination treatment is effective (works) and safe, compared to a selected number of approved treatments for brain tumors, called a control treatment. Toca 511 is a live virus that has been built to carry a gene into cancer cells. This gene carries instructions that cause the cancer cells to turn Toca FC into a drug that may kill the cancer cells. Toca FC is an investigational extended-release form of flucytosine (5-FC). Flucytosine is a drug approved to treat fungal infections; however, it is not approved for the treatment of brain tumors. This study will examine whether your tumor grows back after surgery and treatment with either Toca 511 and Toca FC combination treatment or the control treatment, and whether you will live longer.
This study is for patients with a low grade glioma (a slow growing tumor in the brain). The purpose of this study is to compare the effects, good and/or bad, of adding the chemotherapy pill temozolomide to radiation. Temozolomide is an experimental drug for low-grade gliomas. Patients will be randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups. One group will receive radiation alone, while the other group receives Temozolomide chemotherapy in addition to the radiation. Patients will receive radiation for 5.5 weeks; patients may also take temozolomide during the 5.5 weeks of radiation and for up to one year thereafter. Follow-up exams will occur every 3 months for 15 years.