The goal of this study is to develop a biorepository to store pediatric biospecimens from nephrology cohorts for on-going and future research studies. These studies plan to advance the state of science in the hopes to find more information that potentially leads to developing novel diagnostic approaches and identify therapeutic targets to prevent and/or treat pediatric disease involving the kidneys.
Patients between the ages of 12 months and 11 years who are undergoing lower abdominal laparotomy will be randomized to receive intrathecal morphine, or bilateral quadratrus lumborum block. We will compare the effect that intrathecal morphine and quadratus lumborum blocks have on the duration of pain control as demonstrated by charted pain scores and morphine equivalents in the first 48 hours. This study will also assess the side effects of each intervention such as nausea and vomiting, and itching.
Currently, kidney disease affects up to 20% of the US population and is a strong contributor to morbidity and mortality in these patients. Specific therapies and diagnostic tools for kidney disease have been very slow to develop because of the absence of high quality samples and data that can be used for research studies. The purpose of this study is to develop a registry and sample bank called Poseidon (Prevention, Optimizing Safety, Early Intervention and DetectiOn in Nephrology) biobank that can be used for future research. In this study, patients can consent to donating their residual kidney tissue if they undergo a kidney biopsy and blood or urine during routine clinical care procedures. We will also collect blood and urine outside of clinical care.This study will allow biomedical research the ability to obtain specimens from patients with relevant diseases and appropriate clinical data. This study will collect patient demographic, clinical and historical data for a registry and patient samples will be deposited in the Poseidon biobank. Patients do not have to be diagnosed with Kidney Disease to be included in this study.
Mid-urethral slings have been widely accepted as a treatment of choice for patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Mid-Urethral sling surgery has been associated with good success rate and minimal morbidity.Minor complications are associated with these surgeries including bladder perforation, urethral injury or post operative complication such as de novo urgency and urge urinary incontinence, urinary retention or incomplete bladder emptying. Treatment approaches for complications included sling excision and urethral/bladder/ vaginal defect repair after sling intrusion or extrusion into these organs. Treatments for postoperative voiding dysfunction include clean intermittent catheterization, mid-urethral sling lysis, sling incision and formal urethrolysis. With urethrolysis, obstruction has been reported to be relieved in 65% to 93 with preservation of continence in 80% to 100% while the rate of SUI postoperative is 0 % to 19%.autologus fascial sling for relieve of obstruction with 54% of patients had no recurrence of their SUI . On the other hand, there have been no published data on the use of autologus fascia lata pubovaginal sling to treat patient with recurrent SUI after incision of the mid-urethral mish slings. Urethral injection of bulking agent have been reported with 34% cure  and re-do mid urethral sling was reported to have only 53% success over 17 months of follow-up .
Our aim is to evaluate the subjective and objective outcomes of salvage treatment of failed mid-urethral mesh sling with sling incision, urethrolysis, autologus facial pubovaginal sling or other forms of diversion if needed. We also will evaluate if this procedure will help to improve in the quality of life of these patients.