Receiving inappropriate or unnecessary antibiotics for asymptomatic bacteriuria or urinary tract infections can lead to unnecessary side effects. In this multicenter, pre- and post-test study, we evaluate the effect of an antimicrobial stewardship initiative focusing on appropriate diagnosis and treatment of cystitis and pyelonephritis in patients seen at inpatient institutions in the emergency room. The primary endpoint is fluoroquinolone and oral third generation cephalosporin antibiotics use for lower urinary tract infections (UTIs) (per total antibiotics prescribed for lower UTIs). Secondary endpoints include appropriateness of empiric antibiotics for the treatment of pyelonephritis and cystitis and cases of asymptomatic bacteriuria treated with antibiotics per total cases of suspected UTIs.
This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab + epacadostat vs pembrolizumab + placebo as a treatment for recurrent or progressive metastatic urothelial carcinoma in patients who have failed a first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy regimen for advanced/metastatic disease.
This is a study that will test how an experimental drug (enfortumab vedotin) combined with a kind of anticancer drug called an immune checkpoint inhibitor (CPI) affects patients with cancer of the urinary system (urothelial cancer). This type of cancer includes cancer of the bladder, renal pelvis, ureter or urethra that has spread to nearby tissues or to other areas of the body.
Currently, kidney disease affects up to 20% of the US population and is a strong contributor to morbidity and mortality in these patients. Specific therapies and diagnostic tools for kidney disease have been very slow to develop because of the absence of high quality samples and data that can be used for research studies. The purpose of this study is to develop a registry and sample bank called Poseidon (Prevention, Optimizing Safety, Early Intervention and DetectiOn in Nephrology) biobank that can be used for future research. In this study, patients can consent to donating their residual kidney tissue if they undergo a kidney biopsy and blood or urine during routine clinical care procedures. We will also collect blood and urine outside of clinical care.This study will allow biomedical research the ability to obtain specimens from patients with relevant diseases and appropriate clinical data. This study will collect patient demographic, clinical and historical data for a registry and patient samples will be deposited in the Poseidon biobank. Patients do not have to be diagnosed with Kidney Disease to be included in this study.
Mid-urethral slings have been widely accepted as a treatment of choice for patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Mid-Urethral sling surgery has been associated with good success rate and minimal morbidity.Minor complications are associated with these surgeries including bladder perforation, urethral injury or post operative complication such as de novo urgency and urge urinary incontinence, urinary retention or incomplete bladder emptying. Treatment approaches for complications included sling excision and urethral/bladder/ vaginal defect repair after sling intrusion or extrusion into these organs. Treatments for postoperative voiding dysfunction include clean intermittent catheterization, mid-urethral sling lysis, sling incision and formal urethrolysis. With urethrolysis, obstruction has been reported to be relieved in 65% to 93 with preservation of continence in 80% to 100% while the rate of SUI postoperative is 0 % to 19%.autologus fascial sling for relieve of obstruction with 54% of patients had no recurrence of their SUI . On the other hand, there have been no published data on the use of autologus fascia lata pubovaginal sling to treat patient with recurrent SUI after incision of the mid-urethral mish slings. Urethral injection of bulking agent have been reported with 34% cure  and re-do mid urethral sling was reported to have only 53% success over 17 months of follow-up .
Our aim is to evaluate the subjective and objective outcomes of salvage treatment of failed mid-urethral mesh sling with sling incision, urethrolysis, autologus facial pubovaginal sling or other forms of diversion if needed. We also will evaluate if this procedure will help to improve in the quality of life of these patients.
The purpose of this study is to compare the effects, good and/or bad, of the combination of the chemotherapy drugs gemcitabine and cisplatin (chemotherapy) with the combination of gemcitabine, cisplatin, and the experimental drug bevacizumab on you and your transitional cell cancer to find out which is better. Bevacizumab is an antibody that we think can block a protein called VEGF and inhibit the growth of new blood vessels. Bevacizumab has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of metastatic colorectal, lung, and breast cancer, but for transitional cell carcinoma, it is not FDA-approved and should be considered experimental.
Bevacizumab is the common name for the commercial drug Avastin. The bevacizumab used in this trial, however, is for use in research studies only and may be made at locations different from those where Avastin is made. Although some differences may exist, bevacizumab for research use and the commercial drug, Avastin, are manufactured by a similar process, meet similar standards for final product testing and are expected to be very similar in safety and effectiveness. The combination of gemcitabine and cisplatin is one commonly used treatment that has been shown to make some patients with transitional cell carcinoma live longer. This research is being done to see if adding bevacizumab to gemcitabine and cisplatin will delay the growth of your cancer and allow you to live longer.
This is a randomized trial so patients will receive one of two treatments: Arm A: Gemcitabine, cisplatin, and placebo (sugar water or salt water)OR Arm B: Gemcitabine, cisplatin, and bevacizumab (an experimental drug). Arm A is the current standard treatment for patients with this type of cancer. Your participation in this trial will continue for as long the cancer is responding to or is stabilized by the drugs and you do not have any severe side effects from the drugs.
The purpose of this study is to find out what effects (good and/or bad) chemotherapy combined with external radiation therapy and possible removal of your bladder has on you and your cancer. The chemotherapy drugs used in this study (5-Fluorouracil, cisplatin, and gemcitabine) are not experimental drugs. This research is being done because we do not know whether one combination of drugs with radiation is superior to another in the treatment of your disease. This study uses similar therapies to the standard treatment, but chemotherapy and radiation therapy are given before removal of the bladder is considered. In this study, bladder removal is advised if, after chemotherapy and radiation, your tumor has not completely disappeared, if your tumor comes back, or if it gets larger.
Patients who participate in this trial will be randomized into two groups. Patients will receive either cisplatin and 5-FU chemotherapy and radiation twice per day OR gemcitabine chemotherapy and radiation once per day. Participation in this study may last up to 8 months with continued follow up after treatment is complete.