Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has shown the potential to improve symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease, however its effects have not been consistent in randomized studies to date, limiting widespread adoption of this technology. A critical gap in our knowledge is a detailed understanding of how tDCS affects motor areas in the brain. We propose using tDCS while recording directly from motor cortex using subdural electrocorticography (sECoG) in Parkinson's patients undergoing deep brain stimulation surgery. We expect this novel approach to broaden our understanding of tDCS application in Parkinson's disease and possibly lead to therapeutic advances in this population.
The purpose of this research study is to find out if a nerve block named quadratus lumborum block (QL) can provide better pain relief than having no nerve block for patients having their surgery on their hip through several small incisions while the surgeon looks with a camera (hip arthroscopy).
The purpose of this study is to compare post operative pain control with the use of two nerve blocks, quadratus lumborum and transversus abdominis plane block, after elective laparoscopic abdominal surgery.
This study will compare the safety and effectiveness of a new facemask, the Tao mask, as compared to the standard mask for manual ventilation of patients with BMIs of 40 or greater who are undergoing elective surgery. The Tao mask and the standard mask will both be used for each patient but the order of evaluating the masks will be randomized.
The purpose of this study is to compare post operative pain with the use of two blocks - quadratus lumborum block and transversus abdominis plane block after laparoscopic donor nephrectomy patients.
Recently, surgical stabilization of rib fractures, which involves an operation to place thin titanium plates across the fractures, has been shown to improve outcomes in patients with several fractures on the same ribs of the chest wall. Many surgeons who perform this operation regularly also believe that it will benefit patients with other severe forms of rib fractures, specifically 3 or more severely displaced fractures without multiple fractures of the same rib.
This study is for patients that have suffered a femur fracture due to metastatic cancer. The standard of care for this type of fracture is to stabilize the bone with an intramedullary nail. When preparing the femur for the nail, pressure can cause fat to enter the bloodstream and travel to the heart, causing heart and lung complications. The procedure being investigated in this study is called reduced pressure reaming. In this procedure the surgeon will use a device with suction when preparing the bone for the nail in order to decrease pressure and decrease the amount of fat that enters the bloodstream. Patients will be randomly assigned to either the standard preparation (standard reaming), or the reduced pressure preparation (reduced pressure reaming). After surgery, both treatment groups will followed according to standard practices at 2 weeks, 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months.
This study will be conducted in order to address the possible issue of opioid overprescription in extractions of third molars. Oral surgeons will be surveyed to determine their prescribing patterns. Patients will be surveyed 7 days after the procedure to evaluate their experience with the medication.
This study will compare 0.1mg and 0.05mg of spinal morphine for postoperative pain after scheduled, elective Cesarean delivery. All patients will receive a spinal anesthetic (single injection in the lower back to numb patients from the waist down) for operative anesthesia and will be
randomized into one of two groups: (group 1) 0.1mg spinal morphine and (group 2) 0.05mg spinal morphine. This will be a randomized, single blinded study.
Traditional sutures used to close the skin after a rhinoplasty are permanent sutures that require removal. These sutures create less inflammation and are thought to produce less visible scars but the process of removing the sutures can be painful and inconvenient for the patient. Some surgeons use fast absorbing sutures that do not require removal, but there have not been strong studies comparing the final scar appearance with these different suture types. This study will evaluate the rhinoplasty scar appearance using traditional permanent sutures compared to fast absorbing sutures.