The purpose of this research study is to determine which dose is effective and how the body processes the study drug, vedolizumab in children ages 2-17 who have ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease.
This phase 2 study includes a 4-week Screening Period, a 22-week
Treatment Period (with last dose at Week 14). Subjects who do not
enter the long term extension study will have an 18-week Follow-up Period starting
from their last dose of study drug and a long-term follow-up safety
survey by telephone 6 months after their last dose of study drug.
This is a long-term extension study enrolling male and female pediatric subjects with ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn's disease (CD) who initiated vedolizumab intravenous (IV) treatment in the phase 2 Study MLN0002-2003 between the ages of 2 and 17 years of age. The study will evaluate the long-term safety of vedolizumab administered by IV infusion in pediatric subjects with UC or CD. The study will also evaluate the effect of long-term vedolizumab IV treatment on the time to major IBD-related events (hospitalizations, surgeries, or procedures), health-related quality-of-life measurements, patterns of growth and development, and exploratory efficacy measures. Up to 80 rollover subjects from Study MLN0002-2003 will participate in this study. Subjects who weigh 30 kg or greater will receive vedolizumab 300 mg (high dose) or 150 mg (low dose) Q8W. Subjects who weight less than 30 kg will receive vedolizumab 200 mg (high dose) or 100 mg (low dose) IV. Patients will receive treatment and perform assessments every 8 weeks for up to 5 years or until the subject withdraws from the study or the sponsor decides to close the study, whichever comes first.
To determine the physiologic consequence of bowel discontinuity after damage control laparotomy. To determine the differences in anastamotic dehiscence, abdominal sepsis, and ischemia after damage control laparotomy with bowel discontinuity versus immediate reconstruction.
The purpose of this study is to find out if the drug linaclotide works and is safe. The study will compare linaclotide with placebo in children 12 - 17 years of age using the approved adult dose compared with placebo in pediatric patients 6 to 17 years of age who fulfill modified Rome III criteria for child/adolescent functional
PHB will be participating in a quality improvement collaborative sponsored by AHRQ/ACS/Johns Hopkins to improve outcomes in colorectal surgery patients by implementing evidence based enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) elements. By participating in this quality improvement collaborative we will have access to cohort shared learning, care pathways and order sets, tools and materials to facilitate implementation of ERAS and sponsor coaching calls.
A minimum of 1000 AA subjects with IBD will be recruited in the 4 year period; from Emory, Grady and Children's Healthcare of Atlanta. And a total of 2500 patients form the collaborating institutions.
The primary investigative design will be a paired case-control study. This study will be similar to other IRB approved protocols in which DNA, serum, are collected from children and adults with and without IBD for the purpose of genotype analysis.
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a birth defect resulting from the absence of nerve (ganglion) cells in the gastrointestinal tract. Hirschsprung disease has a population incidence of 1/5000 live births and most often occurs as an isolated condition. However, approximately 30% of HSCR cases are associated with other birth defects such as Down syndrome, deafness, hypopigmentation, and Ondine's curse (Congenital Central Hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS)). Hirschsprung disease is a genetic condition with autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and multigenic patterns of inheritance described. While several genes associated with HSCR have been identified, it is expected that additional genes play a role in the disorder. Furthermore, much remains to be understood about the mechanisms of genetic variants involved in the disease and how variants in multiple genes interact to lead to multiigenic forms of HSCR.
The objective of the Hirschsprung Disease Research Collaborative (HDRC) is to build a large collection of data and biological samples of individuals with HSCR by which genetic data can be linked to detailed and accurate phenotypic information about study participants. The goal of the genetic studies carried out with HDRC samples is to identify genes harboring causative HSCR mutations and to better understand the complex inheritance of HSCR in families by whole genome mapping and sequencing studies. Specifically, we intend to ascertain the frequency with which mutations in any human gene lead to familial and isolated forms of HSCR. Further, clinical information will be used to investigate possible genotype ? phenotype correlations and their relationship with medical, surgical and pathological data on patients.