PTSD is a prevalent condition for which veterans frequently seek treatment in the VA healthcare system. There are a number of first-line PTSD treatment approaches available, such as Prolonged Exposure and Cognitive Processing Therapy. However, the efficacy rates of these treatments is not as high as what has been observed with civilian populations and approximately 36% of individuals drop out of these treatments prematurely. A proposed alternative to these treatments is Written Exposure Therapy (WET), a brief, 5 session intervention that has been shown to reduce symptoms of PTSD and contribute to lower dropout rates. The goal of this study is to investigate whether WET is as effective compared to Prolonged Exposure (PE) in the treatment of PTSD in a sample of veterans diagnosed with PTSD. It will involve approximately 150 Veterans. This research is funded by the Department of Veterans Affairs.
This proposed project intends to use a mixed methods approach to address key research gaps by describing how nurses use available data, from the perspective of nurse leaders and bedside nurses, and what patient findings bedside nurses document within the EHR. Information from this project will be used as a foundation for future research to improve communication across the interdisciplinary clinical team and further reduce the occurrence of preventable hospital readmissions.
The majority of readmissions and emergency department visits within 30 days of hospital discharge are considered preventable. Contributing factors to readmissions include complex health care needs of patients, premature hospital
discharge, and inadequate discharge preparation during hospitalization. In response to the financial reimbursement penalties imposed on hospitals for readmissions within 30 days of discharge, several strategies have been implemented in hospitals across the nation. Some of these strategies have focused on improving care coordination and improving readmission risk assessment. While each strategy has demonstrated some success, there is opportunity to bundle strategies to improve the discharge preparation process by standardizing pre-discharge readiness for discharge assessment and
improve communication within the healthcare team. We are proposing a four-campus study.