Emerging adults with obesity are at risk of developing further health problems as they progress into adulthood. There are limited interventions developed for this population, and no interventions specifically study the role of mood and positive affect on improving motivation for healthy lifestyles. Positive psychological wellbeing is linked to improved cardiometabolic risk and health via improved health behaviors and biological functioning. Given biological and psychological differences between males and females during this transition period, targeted interventions for each gender are needed. In this small pilot study, Quality of Life Therapy (QOLT), an empirically-supported and manual-guided intervention combining CBT and positive psychology techniques, will be adapted for emerging adult females with obesity. For this small pilot, we will use a sample of emerging adult females with obesity (EAO) 18-25 years to refine and test feasibility of QOLT adapted for this specific population (QOLT-EAO), with a focus on developing motivation for healthy lifestyles.
Non-Alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common liver disease, and involves fat deposition in the liver. The fat in the liver can lead to inflammation, scarring, end stage liver disease and potential liver cancer. Some patients with fat in their liver do not see these changes, and our current understanding of why some people are not affected while others see progression of their disease is poor. We are currently in process of initiating studies to learn more about fatty liver disease, and having a database of patients at the VA medical center who are willing to participate in these studies and future studies would help both the patients learn about the new and upcoming therapies, and help the clinical investigators to quickly screen their patients and invite them to participate in their studies.
As our bodies use the sugars that we consume for energy they generate waste chemicals known as metabolites. One such group of metabolites is known as advanced glycation end products or AGEs for short. Critically apart from their production as a result of sugar breakdown, AGE levels in the body are also increased by the foods that we eat and when we do not get enough exercise. AGEs may cause many of the side effects experienced by prostate cancer survivors. This study aims to examine the effects of diet change and exercise on AGE levels in prostate cancer survivors.
We will recruit mother-child pairs for participation in the study and both the mother and child will be considered study participants. However, in cases where it is not possible to recruit the mother, but the child is available to be in the study we will recruit the child with their parent or legal guardian providing consent for the child's participation in the study
The purpose of this study is to determine if giving the medicine "heparin" intravenously (through the veins) continuously for up to 14 days to subjects after a brain aneurysm has burst will help improve the chances of subjects having a good recovery after the bleed compared to subjects who get routine brain aneurysm care (standard of care). Patients who get routine care would also get heparin, but they would typically get an overall lower dose and the heparin would be injected under the skin (heparin shot) instead of in the veins.
This study will recruit adolescents who are enrolled in a Teen Health Careers Program to participate in a community-engaged study. This study will seek to understand the barriers and facilitators to physical activity and nutritious foods throughout their daily lives. Adolescents will use take digital images to capture aspects of their daily lives using photography.
The TRANSFORM network is focused on improving child health outcomes in SC through research on conditions of highest priority for future generations. These include conditions like asthma, autism, diabetes, obesity and early childhood outcomes. To accelerate research study recruitment activities for future projects that TRANSFORM sites may participate in, the TRANSFORM network sites will create a research recruitment registry of families interested in volunteering for research. Participants will enter their own as well as their child(ren)'s information into the electronic registry which can be used to identify people to contact for future studies.
This trial of pitavastatin will determine efficacy and safety in this high risk population, and provide evidence for clinicians to target this treatable risk factor to achieve an impact on early atherosclerosis, and potentially achieve primary prevention of adult cardiovascular disease.
We are conducting the INSIGHT COPD study because symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and high body mass index (BMI) overlap. There are many medications for patients with COPD, but there is little mention of weight loss as a possible treatment in current research. We are trying to find out if a lifestyle program that promotes modest weight loss and increased physical activity will improve COPD symptoms and lead to better exercise tolerance for those with a high BMI. We are also looking at the effects on shortness of breath, quality-of-life, and cardiovascular disease risk factors. The INSIGHT COPD trial is taking place at many sites across the United States including MUSC, and is planning to enroll approximately 1000 people.
The proposed study (ECCHO-NFGS) provides an unprecedented opportunity to understand mechanisms of in utero exposures on risk of childhood outcomes of public health significance. The data are of the highest quality, are the most detailed serial assessments of fetal development available in any cohort. We will demonstrate our ability to engage children and standardize our research protocols to address our hypotheses (UG3) and follow this cohort prospectively for future risk assessment (UH3). The NFGS is the ideal cohort to assess the prenatal determinants of two key health outcomes ? obesity and neuroimpairment as well as be a resource for the ECHO Consortium for all four outcome focus areas.