Focus groups or talking circles are formed in community neighborhoods to facilitate input on common patient experiences. Insights on patient perceptions related to physician office visits and after visit self care are obtained in groups of 8-12 participants.
The proposed research will test and evaluate a Spanish-language, heat-related
illness (HRI) prevention, OSHA mobile application (app) intervention (Heat Safety Tool) in South Carolina, with the long-term goal of reducing HRI among migrant and seasonal farmworkers.
Asthma has high morbidity and mortality among adolescents and among youth from rural communities, both of whom are seldom included in asthma intervention research. This study will test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of high school-based intervention delivered by Community Health Workers (CHWs) to rural adolescents with uncontrolled asthma, and will examine factors associated with delivery of the intervention.
Initially, interview data will be obtained from registered nurses form St Agnes HealthCare and Baltimore Washington Medical Center to inform the development of two high-alert medication administration (HAM) simulation scenarios, one for education, and one for evaluation of safety performance. After development and cognitive pretesting of the simulation scenarios by RNs, nursing students will receive both HAM simulation scenarios. Students will complete two instruments, one on the quality of the simulation design and one on the quality of the simulation debriefing. Focus groups will be conducted to assess nursing student perceptions of the learning scenarios along with the specific design elements, qualitatively. The findings of the focus group will inform revisions to the simulation scenarios. We will evaluate the potential for implementing the nursing simulations for medication administration at Howard Community College analyzing feasibility factors such as student participation, and of resources (technological and personnel).
The purpose of this study is to understand factors contributing to managing emotions, behavior problems, and substance use risk among girls. Middle school adolescent girls will be asked about their thoughts and feelings about themselves and their ethnic group, perceptions, and discrimination. They will also report on their behavior and substance use risk. Their reactions to recent incidents of unfair treatment or disciplinary action will also be assessed.
This research study is for patients who have completed all scheduled surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy for their cancer within the last 6-12 months and are currently having some type of sleep disturbance. While there is no standard treatment for sleep disturbance for cancer survivors, people who do not take part in this study may take over-the-counter or prescription medications, receive cognitive behavioral therapy, or exercise as a means of attempting to manage their sleep problems.
Sleep disturbance, particularly insomnia, is a common problem for cancer survivors. Insomnia can be described as excessive daytime napping, difficulty falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep, or waking up earlier than you would like. Insomnia can increase fatigue, impair physical function, impair immune function, cause circadian rhythms (known as your biological clock) to be disrupted and decrease quality of life.
Because there is no ideal standard of care for effectively treating sleep problems in cancer survivors, the purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of three different treatments for improving sleep problems and determine which is best. The three treatments are yoga, survivorship health education, and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-I).
Study participation will be approximately 8 months.
The purpose of this study is to understand factors contributing to managing emotions, behavior problems, and substance use among girls. Middle school adolescent girls will be asked about their thoughts and feelings about themselves and their ethnic group, perceptions, and discrimination. They will also report on their behavior and substance use. Their reactions to recent incidents of unfair treatment or disciplinary action will also be assessed.
A majority of patients diagnosed with cancer are over age 65, yet most cancer treatments are developed in a younger population. Older cancer patients are more likely to experience side effects. There is no standard way to treat chemotherapy side effects in older patients. A Geriatric Assessment (GA) can be used to predict who is at risk for side effects but there is no standard way to decrease this risk. Also, there is not agreement on how information from a GA can be used to develop ways to prevent or treat side effects.
The purpose of this study is to find out if the GA can help improve and develop a standard approach for reducing and/or preventing chemotherapy side effects in older cancer patients. The GA is intended to determine an older patient's level of independence taking into account health conditions, physical performance (walking, leg strength, and balance), nutrition, social support and memory. Several tests as well as questionnaires are used. The combined results establish what is called a patient's functional age, which may be quite different from the actual age. Functional age can help better predict a patient's tolerance of and likely response to cancer treatments as well as provide other important age-related information not routinely captured by cancer doctors. If you decide to participate in this study, you will receive the GA.
Approximately 6% of children in the US have a disability, and many of these children receive special education services. Two of the most common disorders seen in schools are learning disabilities and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Both of these disorders have neurological underpinnings, and as such deserve attention to better understand the link between the functioning of the brain, and how these disorders impact school performance. Further, anxiety disorders have been found to be one of the most widespread mental health concerns for children and adolescents, and understanding how anxiety influences academic performance in children with learning disabilities will help inform future research and intervention. The goal of this study is to better understand this link in order to provide better treatment options for students with these disorders.
Healthy children (6-11 years old) are needed to participate in a non-invasive study at MUSC. The purpose of this study is to discover more about how people process facial features and faces as a whole. It involves one 2 hour visit to the imaging facility where children will complete vision and handedness testing, play a matching game in the MRI scanner, and complete basic vocabulary testing. Subjects are compensated for their participation.