The goal of this pilot study is to determine if, in treatment-seeking substance dependent individuals, ten sessions of continuous theta burst transcranial magnetic brain stimulation (cTBS) over a brain region involved in craving (medial prefrontal cortex) can lower an individual's craving and brain response to drug-related cues. This study involves a screening visit, followed by one MRI visit, followed by ten cTBS treatment visits on consecutive days. There will be three follow-up MRI visits: the first will immediately follow completion of a 28-day outpatient treatment program, while the second and third will be one month and two months post-treatment.
Chronic opioid therapy for pain can be associated with significant risks, and a significant number of patients maintained on chronic opioids have continued pain and/or poor functioning. When patients need to or want to come off their opioid pain medications, there is little to guide physicians as to how to best help them do so, and it is not known how patients do after coming off opioid medications. The goals of this study are (1) to evaluate two medications in assisting patients in coming off their opioid pain medications and (2) determining outcomes after discontinuing opioids.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of a medication (doxazosin) on reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use in Veterans. We will also examine the effects of doxazosin on brain activity at pre and post treatment.
Social stress often leads to drug craving and relapse in cocaine-dependent populations. Currently there are no FDA approved medications for the treatment of cocaine dependence. Therefore, biomedical research studies aimed at investigating the brain mechanisms responsible for controlling emotional responses to social stress could have a significant impact on the development of effective therapeutic treatment strategies for cocaine-dependent individuals.
The purpose of this study is to test whether patients undergoing a breast MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) before breast surgery will have better results after the surgery.
MRI is a medical imaging method that uses magnets to make images of the body. MRI helps doctors to tell the difference between cancer and normal tissue in the body. MRI uses dyes ("contrast agents") that are injected into the veins to help create the images of the body's tissues.
Breast tumors are routinely evaluated using mammograms and ultrasound before surgery. This study would like to find out if using MRI in addition to mammography before surgery improves our ability to evaluate tumors and decide what kind of surgery is best for the patient.
This study is for patients with prostate cancer. The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of dose-escalated radiation therapy with or without hormone therapy on your prostate cancer.
There are 2 treatment groups in this study:
1) Patients who receive radiation therapy only
2) Patients who receive radiation therapy plus hormone therapy
Patients will receive 44 radiation treatments over approximately 2 months. If the patient chooses to receive the brachytherapy implant, he will receive 25 daily treatments plus the implant procedure over a timeframe of approximately 6 weeks. Hormone therapy, if given, will last 6 months. After patients are finished receiving therapy, the study doctor will ask them to visit the office for follow-up exams at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after finishing radiation treatment, every 6 months for 4 years, and yearly thereafter.
The purpose of this study is to find out if radiation therapy along with the addition of the drugs, cisplatin and gemcitabine, works in treating locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva and to find out what side effects or surgical complications are caused by treatment with this combination.
The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of adding lapatinib to standard whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT). The study will try to find out whether WBRT or lapatinib plus WBRT is better at safely improving tumor control. In this study, subjects will receive either lapatinib plus WBRT or WBRT alone.
This study is being done for the following reasons:
?This study is being done to find out if a combination of just two chemotherapy drugs, docetaxel and cyclophosphamide, is as good as using different combinations of the chemotherapy drugs doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide, given with either docetaxel or paclitaxel, in treating your type of breast cancer. All of these drugs are used in standard combinations of chemotherapy for breast cancer.
?The researchers also want to learn about the side effects of the combinations of drugs used in this study. Side effect information will also be studied to see if there are any differences between the two-drug and three-drug chemotherapy combinations.
?In order to learn more about cancer tumors, this study includes special research tests that will be done on tumor tissue that was removed during your breast cancer surgery. Information about this study requirement will be explained to you in more detail later in this consent form.
This study is for patients with a low grade glioma (a slow growing tumor in the brain). The purpose of this study is to compare the effects, good and/or bad, of adding the chemotherapy pill temozolomide to radiation. Temozolomide is an experimental drug for low-grade gliomas. Patients will be randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups. One group will receive radiation alone, while the other group receives Temozolomide chemotherapy in addition to the radiation. Patients will receive radiation for 5.5 weeks; patients may also take temozolomide during the 5.5 weeks of radiation and for up to one year thereafter. Follow-up exams will occur every 3 months for 15 years.