The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of hormone therapy (androgen deprivation) and radiation therapy to the prostate gland and seminal vesicles with hormone therapy and radiation therapy to the whole pelvic body area to determine which is better.
There are 2 treatment groups in this study:
1) Patients who receive hormone therapy plus radiation therapy to the prostate gland and seminal vesicles
2) Patients who receive hormone therapy plus radiation therapy to the whole pelvis
A large randomized trial is necessary to evaluate whether rituximab can add benefit to the current chemotherapy regimen. Two pilot studies in children provide preliminary evidence of safety and activity of rituximab in this disease setting that support such a study. A Berlin-Frankfurt-M
This study is being done for the following reasons:
?This study is being done to find out if a combination of just two chemotherapy drugs, docetaxel and cyclophosphamide, is as good as using different combinations of the chemotherapy drugs doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide, given with either docetaxel or paclitaxel, in treating your type of breast cancer. All of these drugs are used in standard combinations of chemotherapy for breast cancer.
?The researchers also want to learn about the side effects of the combinations of drugs used in this study. Side effect information will also be studied to see if there are any differences between the two-drug and three-drug chemotherapy combinations.
?In order to learn more about cancer tumors, this study includes special research tests that will be done on tumor tissue that was removed during your breast cancer surgery. Information about this study requirement will be explained to you in more detail later in this consent form.
Although JMML is an uncommon disease, it occurs exclusively in very young
children (median age ~ 2.5 years) indicating an increased risk for TRM and late
effects associated with maximum intensity conditioning regimens. Moreover, there is currently no agreed upon standard of care preparative regimen in use for
patients with JMML. Previous studies suggest that there are significant toxicities
associated with conditioning regimens currently in use today. Moreover, the
relapse rates were fairly high and it appears that further escalation of the
conditioning regimens is unlikely to produce significant improvements in EFS or
relapse rates without unacceptable TRM. Therefore, it is essential that novel
strategies be developed to reduce the high rates of relapse that have been
The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of hormone therapy (androgen deprivation) and TAK-700 plus radiation therapy with hormone therapy (androgen deprivation) and radiation therapy on patients with prostate cancer.
There are 2 treatment groups in this study. Group 1will receive hormone therapy plus radiation therapy only and Group 2 will receive hormone therapy and TAK-700 plus radiation therapy.
Subjects will receive hormone therapy for 24 months. Radiation will be given in 44 treatments over approximately 2 months. If the subject is in Group 2 they will take TAK-700 for 24 months. After the subject is finished receiving therapy, the study doctor will ask the subject to visit the office for follow-up exams every 6 months for 3 years and then once a year.
The overall goal of this study is to find out what effects, good and/or bad, a low
dose and a high dose of lenalidomide have on children, adolescents and young
adults with recurrent (has come back after being treated), refractory (has not gone
away with previous treatment), or progressive (is not responding to previous
treatments) Juvenile Pilocytic Astrocytomas (JPA) and Optic Pathway Gliomas
This study is for patients with prostate cancer. The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of dose-escalated radiation therapy with or without hormone therapy on your prostate cancer.
There are 2 treatment groups in this study:
1) Patients who receive radiation therapy only
2) Patients who receive radiation therapy plus hormone therapy
Patients will receive 44 radiation treatments over approximately 2 months. If the patient chooses to receive the brachytherapy implant, he will receive 25 daily treatments plus the implant procedure over a timeframe of approximately 6 weeks. Hormone therapy, if given, will last 6 months. After patients are finished receiving therapy, the study doctor will ask them to visit the office for follow-up exams at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after finishing radiation treatment, every 6 months for 4 years, and yearly thereafter.
the United States, it is standard treatment for patients with high-risk neuroblastoma (NBL) to receive the drugs carboplatin, etoposide and melphalan (CEM) as the preparative regimen in Consolidation therapy prior to Autologous Stem Cell Transplant (ASCT). BuMel Consolidation therapy has recently been studied in patients with high-risk NBL in some European countries. The findings from those studies indicate that the use of BuMel prior to ASCT may be linked to an increase in the survival rate for patients when compared to CEM. Those studies also indicate that the chance of the disease coming back (a relapse) may be lower among the patients who received BuMel Consolidation therapy. In North America the BuMel combination is considered experimental. In this study, researchers want to find out if a combination of busulfan and melphalan (BuMel) can be given as Consolidation therapy prior to ASCT for subjects with newly diagnosed high-risk NBL. The main goal of this study is to find out what effects, good and/or bad, a BuMel preparative regimen given before ASCT has on people with newly diagnosed high-risk NBL.
There is no current standard treatment for recurrent/refractory
medulloblastoma/PNET. The combination of the drugs temozolomide and
irinotecan has been used to treat adults and children with other types of cancer.
The combination has also been used in previous studies to treat a small number
of children with recurrent or refractory medulloblastoma/PNET as well as other
recurrent tumors, with encouraging results. This study uses the results of these
earlier studies, and looks at how well giving temozolomide and irinotecan daily
for 5 days every 28 days works when given to children and young adults with
recurrent or refractory medulloblastoma/PNET.
Ependymoma is a type of rare childhood cancer that occurs in the brain and spinal cord. Survival statistics are generally disappointing with a 5-year survival of 50-64%. The standard of care for ependymoma is maximal surgical resection followed by radiation therapy directed at the primary site of disease.
Radiation therapy is associated with immediate and long-term toxicities in children, especially young children. For this reason, it has been the practice of some doctors not to give radiation therapy to children with ependymoma when the tumor has been completely surgically removed. The investigators who designed this study have created strict measures to choose those who will not receive additional treatment after surgery and careful follow-up to minimize the risks to those who are assigned to observation only.